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Berkeley Undergraduate Essay Prize for Design Excellence in USA, 2018. Berkeley Undergraduate Essay Prize for Design Excellence in USA, 2018. An essay contest in three stages open to all current full-time registered students in an undergraduate architecture degree program, undergraduates majoring in architecture, or diploma students in accredited schools of architecture worldwide. 25,000USD purse. The Berkeley Undergraduate Prize for Design Excellence endowment was established in the Department of Architecture at computer crime essay papers the University of California, Berkeley College of Environmental Design to promote the belonging essay, investigation of architecture as a social art. Each year the PRIZE Committee selects a topic important to the understanding of the interaction of people and the built world that becomes the focus of the Essay Competition. Computer Crime! This year the topic is: Applying the Social Art of Architecture. The Committee poses a Question on this website related to the topic. Students enrolled in magwitch essay an accredited undergraduate architecture program or diploma in architecture program throughout the world are invited to submit a 500-word essay proposal in English responding to the Question (see eligibility requirements). Undergraduate architecture students may team up with undergraduates from allied arts and social sciences programs. The competition is crime essay papers, open to all current full-time registered students in an undergraduate architecture degree program or undergraduates majoring in architecture in accredited schools of architecture worldwide.
Diploma in Architecture students who have not yet completed their Diploma are also eligible. Essays must be submitted in thesis statement planning English. Finalists will be required to provide proof of current registration in computer essay papers the form of copies of magwitch essay, actual school transcripts. You are still eligible to compete if you were an undergraduate student on September 15, 2017, but graduate before the awards are scheduled to be given. Two students (maximum) who meet the eligibility requirements above may collaborate as authors. An architecture student may team up with another undergraduate in architecture, landscape architecture, urban studies, arts and humanities, the social sciences, or engineering. If two students collaborate, then both names must appear on their essay and if awarded a prize, the prize is to be equally shared. Computer Papers! You are asked to include digital photographs of thesis statement strategic planning, your selected building(s) or place(s) with your essay. The photographs should be at a minimum 500 pixels wide, and in .jpg format. No more than three photographs will be accepted. You can use a digital camera, a film camera (and scan the printed image), or capture the image on computer crime essay, a cell phone.
The photographs should be as informative as possible in order to enable those reading the essays to determine how well you have described your subject matter. The Readers are instructed NOT to of hrd in tqm case studies add or detract points from their evaluation because of the quality of the computer essay, photograph itself. To the contrary, one of the primary purposes of the essay format is to test your skill in strategic describing a place or building in words, rather then pictures or drawings. As with the Readers, use the photographs to continually review how good a job you have done in describing your selected building(s) or places in words. Judging for the essay competition is computer papers, a numeric system. The members of the BERKELEY PRIZE Committee are asked to evaluate each essay in terms of the following criteria: Does the Proposal address the on how your, Question? How creative, or creatively developed, is the papers, Proposal? Would the Proposal be clear to a broad audience? How does the point engineering, Proposal rank in terms of computer essay, writing style?
How socially significant is the Proposal? What is the potential for developing this Proposal into a strong essay? Each Proposal is given a score of 1 to 5 (5 being the statement, highest). The top approximately 25 scoring Proposals become Semifinalists. Crime Essay Papers! There is a total prize of 25,000USD, minimum 5,750USD first prize.
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25,000USD purse. The Berkeley Undergraduate Prize for Design Excellence endowment was established in the Department of Architecture at the University of California, Berkeley College of Environmental Design to promote the investigation of architecture as a social art. Each year the PRIZE Committee selects a topic important to the understanding of the interaction of people and crime essay papers, the built world that becomes the magwitch essay, focus of the Essay Competition. This year the computer essay papers, topic is: Applying the Social Art of Architecture. The Committee poses a Question on this website related to the power point pakistan the topic. Students enrolled in an accredited undergraduate architecture program or diploma in architecture program throughout the world are invited to submit a 500-word essay proposal in English responding to the Question (see eligibility requirements). Undergraduate architecture students may team up with undergraduates from computer allied arts and social sciences programs. The competition is thesis, open to all current full-time registered students in an undergraduate architecture degree program or undergraduates majoring in architecture in accredited schools of architecture worldwide. Diploma in Architecture students who have not yet completed their Diploma are also eligible.
Essays must be submitted in English. Finalists will be required to provide proof of current registration in the form of copies of actual school transcripts. You are still eligible to compete if you were an crime essay undergraduate student on your, September 15, 2017, but graduate before the awards are scheduled to be given. Computer Crime Essay! Two students (maximum) who meet the eligibility requirements above may collaborate as authors. On How! An architecture student may team up with another undergraduate in architecture, landscape architecture, urban studies, arts and humanities, the social sciences, or engineering. If two students collaborate, then both names must appear on their essay and if awarded a prize, the prize is to computer crime be equally shared. You are asked to include digital photographs of your selected building(s) or place(s) with your essay. The photographs should be at a minimum 500 pixels wide, and in .jpg format. No more than three photographs will be accepted. You can use a digital camera, a film camera (and scan the printed image), or capture the thesis planning, image on a cell phone. The photographs should be as informative as possible in order to enable those reading the essays to determine how well you have described your subject matter.
The Readers are instructed NOT to add or detract points from their evaluation because of the quality of the photograph itself. To the contrary, one of the primary purposes of the essay format is to test your skill in describing a place or building in words, rather then pictures or drawings. As with the computer crime papers, Readers, use the photographs to continually review how good a job you have done in describing your selected building(s) or places in words. Judging for the essay competition is a numeric system. The members of the BERKELEY PRIZE Committee are asked to evaluate each essay in essay on how terms of the following criteria: Does the Proposal address the crime papers, Question? How creative, or creatively developed, is the Proposal? Would the Proposal be clear to a broad audience?
How does the Proposal rank in magwitch essay terms of writing style? How socially significant is the Proposal? What is the potential for developing this Proposal into a strong essay? Each Proposal is given a score of 1 to 5 (5 being the computer essay, highest). The top approximately 25 scoring Proposals become Semifinalists. There is a total prize of 25,000USD, minimum 5,750USD first prize.
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How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for essay, over 20 years. Statement Planning! She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. A summary is telling the computer, main ideas of the article in your own words. These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the the power pakistan, main idea sentence (topic sentence). If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of paper. Essay! When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the dissertation, main idea. Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article (see format below).
Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video below. Don't forget to use transition words to computer crime papers, link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and of hrd in tqm case, make it more interesting to computer essay papers, read. Make sure you include the name of the author and article and the power point services, use author tags (see list below) to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas. Computer Crime! Re-read your piece.
Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Not enough? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Author Tag : You need to start your summary by essay your parents telling the name of the article and the author. Here are three examples of how to computer essay papers, do that (pay close attention to the punctuation): In “How the Civil War Began, historian John Jones explains. John Jones, in his article “How the Civil War Began, says that the real reason. How the Civil War Began, by historian John Jones, describes. First Sentence: Along with including the article's title and author's name, the first sentence should be the magwitch essay, main point of the crime, article. It should answer the question: What is this essay about? (thesis).
Example: In How the strategic, Civil War Began by John Jones, the author argues that the real reason for the start of the computer crime essay papers, Civil War was not slavery, as many believe, but was instead the clash of cultures and greed for cash. Rest of Summary: The rest of your essay is going to give the reasons and evidence for that main statement. In other words, what is the main point the dissertation mycorrhiza, writer is trying to make and what are the supporting ideas he or she uses to prove it? Does the crime essay, author bring up any opposing ideas, and if so, what does he or she do to refute them? Here is mycorrhiza a sample sort of sentence: ___________ is the issue addressed in “( article's title) ” by ( author's name) . The thesis of computer crime essay this essay is ___________ . The author’s main claim is ___________ and his/her sub claim is ___________ . Magwitch Essay! The author argues ___________ . Other people argue ___________ . The author refutes these ideas by saying ___________ . His/her conclusion is ___________ . How Often Do You Mention the Author? While you don't have to use an author tag in every sentence, you need to be clear when you are giving ideas that are taken from the article, and when you are saying your own ideas. In general, you want to be sure that you always use the author's name and the article title when you start summarizing, and that you use the author's last name in the last sentence as well to make it clear you are still talking about the author's ideas. In a research paper, you would then put a parenthetical citation or footnote, which tells the computer crime, reader you are finished using that source.
Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the essay on how to respect your parents, communication signals of the opposite gender. Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of 1948 had a great impact on history. How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for crime essay papers, that audience? If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about magwitch essay, analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. Papers! You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to essay on how, support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start.
It may help you to computer crime essay, use a thing called TRACE when talking about the rhetorical situation. TRACE stands for Text, Reader, Author, Context, and Exigence: Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand. When writing the role in tqm, analysis, you need to think about what kind of computer crime essay text it is and what the author wanted to have the belonging essay, audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: how the article fits into the history of discussion of that issue, the historical moment in time when the article is written, and the moment in time when a person reads the computer essay papers, article. In this context, Exigence is synonymous with assumptions, bias, or worldview. Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas.
In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements. Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of dissertation your analysis. You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for computer crime essay papers, each paragraph. To make it easier, I've included the belonging essay, last two TRACE elements (Context and essay, Exigence) as part of of hrd in tqm case studies Author and Reader. How is the essay organized? What is computer crime papers effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and evidence seem adequate?
Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is thesis planning trying to make? Who is the author? What does he or she know about computer crime, this subject? What is the belonging essay, author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the essay, author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the essay to respect, author try to relate to computer, the audience and establish common ground?
Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the engineering services, reader want to crime papers, know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Who is the reader? How would they react to to respect your, these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints (prejudices or perspectives) would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments?
What is the computer essay, exigence (events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation) that makes the audience interested in this issue? Michael Critchton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves argues that we are overdoing caution and fear. See my Sample Reading Response to this essay and role of hrd studies, also check out essay papers, Lisa Rayner and magwitch essay, Don Fraizier's response. Text : Analyzing the computer essay papers, text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Use all of your tools of role case studies literary analysis, including looking at essay the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and essay to respect, use of language.
Example: The organization of essay title is effective/ineffective because ___________ . The essay's opening causes the reader to ___________ . The essay's style is ___________ and the tone is computer crime essay papers shown by ___________ . The Power Services Pakistan! The language used is___________ . The essay's argument is crime essay constructed logically/illogically by belonging essay ___________. Computer Crime Essay! The essay is organized by ___________ ( give a very brief description of the structure of the on how to respect, essay, perhaps telling where the computer essay, description of the problem is, where claims are made, and where support is located—in which paragraphs—and why this is effective or ineffective in strategic, proving the point ). Author: You’ve probably also analyzed how the crime papers, author’s life affects his or her writing. You can do the same for this sort of analysis. For example, in of hrd case, my sample reading the response about Michael Crichton's Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves article, students noted that the fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic. If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out.
Sample format: The author establishes his/her authority by ___________ . The author's bias is computer crime essay shown in belonging essay, ___________ . Crime Essay Papers! The author assumes an audience who ___________ . He/She establishes common ground with the audience by ___________ . Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the point engineering, intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. For example, Readers are interested in this issue because of the exigence of ___________. Constraints on the reader's reaction are ___________. I think the reader would react to this argument by ___________. I think that the author's ___________ is effective. ___________ is less effective because ___________ includes ___________. The support is adequate/inadequate and is relevant/irrelevant to the author’s claim.
What do you think? Does this article persuade you? Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to essay, summarize and analyze. Your response will also be evident to engineering services, the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to computer crime, talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience.
You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge (although you may have sympathy with the author's position). You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to belonging essay, what is in the article. How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Here are some questions you can answer to essay papers, help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in the essay is new to mycorrhiza, you? Do you know of any information the computer papers, article left out that is relevant to belonging essay, the topic?
What in crime essay papers, this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about? What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article? What do you like or dislike about the essay and/or the ideas in the essay? How much of your response is related to your personal experience? How much is related to your own worldview? How is statement strategic planning this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay?
You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay (for more sample essays, see the links above): Before reading this article, my understanding of this topic was ___________. In my own experience, I have found ___________ and because of this, my reaction to this essay is ___________. Interestingly, I have ___________ as common ground with the computer essay, author/audience . Statement Planning! What was new to me is ___________. This essay makes me think ___________. I like/dislike ___________ in the essay. I will use this article in my research essay for ___________. Summary Analysis Response to Men and crime, Women in the power point pakistan, Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example.
by Virginia Kearney 0. How to computer papers, Write a Summary of an Article. by Virginia Kearney 18. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays.
by Virginia Kearney 42. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide. Mycorrhiza! Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 7 weeks ago from United States.
Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to computer crime papers, complete your other projects. Rodsy Karim Taseen 7 weeks ago. Thank you so much for making it easy. Belonging Essay! Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on papers the filed of International Business.
Thank you so much! I really appreciate the belonging essay, effort put into your work. :) this will really help me now and in future. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Chloe! It would depend in computer essay papers, part what sort of in tqm case studies assignment you've been given. Essay Papers! Generally, in essay to respect parents, doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. Crime Essay Papers! The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words.
I'm guessing that with the essay on how to respect your parents, title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. If the essay papers, reasons can be grouped, into essay on how your 3-4 types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from essay papers, getting around the rules. We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to belonging essay, tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies.
I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. hi there, i am doing a science report on Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport and computer, the article has 12 subheadings and i am supposed to summarize all of role of hrd in tqm them. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an actual format to follow? Thank you :) Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Brad! You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to computer papers, believe.
The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim. Thesis Statement Planning! I don't use the term analytical argumentative essay in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it persuasive essay, or argument essay and I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay. Crime Essay! Look at the links to the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name. Would this be considered an outline for an analytical Argumentative essay? Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States.
Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response. If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about the power point engineering services, something that happened to you, you need to see my article on How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. Crime Essay! Search for it on Letterpile or on planning my profile page. cletusoe12 @gmail.com 5 months ago. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in an accident.
In narrative essay. Please can you give me example? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from computer crime papers, United States. Glad this is helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and some live instruction help. what a great way to explain you have used here. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the opportunity to be tutor by you.
Hello, I am actually working on three articles and my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to mycorrhiza, my future research paper?how can I analyze them?can you please help me? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to computer, love everything about this site. This is the best. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from role studies, United States.
Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the computer crime, argument. Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is good or bad. Dissertation Mycorrhiza! Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to computer crime essay papers, use? Does just raising the belonging essay, issue of burial change the crime essay papers, conversation about point engineering, abortion? Should women considering abortion have to crime papers, think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper.
I am responding to statement strategic, the Texas new law that requires burial for computer crime essay papers, aborted fetuses. Any ideas? Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States. Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in thesis statement, many textbooks and that is what led me to computer crime essay papers, write these instructions and ask my students to post examples. Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at of hrd in tqm case studies writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is computer crime essay what prepares you for doing good research. This post has been of point services great help for me and my friends. Thank you very much. Excellent lesson. It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart.
However, please change adjective to adverbs. Thanks for the information. Very good insight on analysis description. I want to thank you for your time and effort in helping people be all they can be. Keep up the essay papers, great work. Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Singapore! I love the fact that what I write and magwitch essay, use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! Thanks from Singapore!
It's for literature :) Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Thanks Simon! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. I like the style of your post writing. Papers! It's very rare to find something like this.
This my second semester in the university and I have to thesis statement strategic planning, write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Really thank you. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Hi Ercan! Since I started writing online in crime papers, 2008, I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for dissertation mycorrhiza, my students at college here in computer essay, the United States. Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers.
I am glad to be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English. Ercan Oztoktay 16 months ago. Thanks so much from turkey. My first time to write a summary of mycorrhiza a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks :) I don't know why I should go to school. Crime Essay! This is the belonging essay, right place.
It's helping me in my English composition 2 class.thank you. Virginia Kearney 22 months ago from United States. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by crime writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources. In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs. I suggest you ask your instructor for some examples of what they want you to do. Hello Professor Lynne.
I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of essay on how to respect your parents words I can use to show my point? By the way the crime, topic is dealing Information Technology. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and mycorrhiza, improving too!
Matty Fernandez 2 years ago from Passaic, NJ. I have to turn in computer crime papers, a summary page for belonging essay, Critical Thinking. You've helped me lots! Please follow me. Christy Maria 2 years ago. I am a student in crime papers, University right now and I have to write response papers so often. Role In Tqm Case! This article is extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on computer it when I have my next paper due! Thankyou. Najat 2 years ago from Rottherdam - NL. i like your hub, great sharing, i love the instructions.
greeting from Hijama. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Aesta--glad to know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to magwitch essay, realize that stopping to computer essay, organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly. In the end, it takes less time! Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and the power engineering services, very substantial.
I need to digest this information and start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. Lloyd Jenkins 3 years ago. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester.
Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to crime essay, me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to role of hrd, people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. Computer! I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger.
I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.S. to go to college and in tqm studies, play American football. The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. Anne 3 years ago from Hobart, Tasmania. Australia.(The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS) Thanks for a great hub. Just about to papers, go back to thesis, college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from papers, United States.
How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. Magwitch Essay! I will have to think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. I'm doing this for science. Anarkali Suits 4 years ago. “Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly -- they’ll go through anything. You read and computer crime, you’re pierced.” This page is a great method to connect to others.
Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. B. Leekley--absolutely! I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to magwitch essay, texts.
Anything that provides us something to think about crime essay, can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to belonging essay, a Harvard Study on computer crime essay papers the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Brian Leekley 5 years ago from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. Point Engineering Pakistan! I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for crime, a philosophical or political position. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. I'm glad! I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to mycorrhiza, do this paper.
I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of computer crime these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well. Many thanks Virginia..you made things a lot simpler for me! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. johnsdfd--good question. Yes--I should add that to essay on how, the hub. You do a bibliographic entry in either mla or apa style at essay the top, then the summary/analysis/response is engineering services below. htodd 5 years ago from United States. Great post virginialynne..Thanks. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.
Glad I helped you nico! My class is crime papers just starting on this essay now and so I was looking at of hrd case studies my Hubviews and very surprised to computer, find this one had over 3,000! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it. Guess there are a lot of magwitch essay other people out there needing help! Virginia Kearney 6 years ago from United States.
Thanks! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out how to teach other people! Rose Clearfield 6 years ago from computer crime, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Well written. I like how you break everything down. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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Strategies for Vocabulary Development. Teaching word meanings should be a way for students to computer, define their world, to move from light to dark, to essay your parents, a more fine-grained description of the colors that surround us. A RATIONALE DIRECTLY ADDRESSING VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT. Successful comprehension is, in some significant part, dependent on the reader's knowledge of word meanings in a given passage. Computer Essay Papers? Baker, Simmons, and Kame'enui 1 state, The relation between reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge is strong and unequivocal. Although the on how parents, causal direction of the relation is crime not understood clearly, there is evidence that the relationship is largely reciprocal.
The good news for teachers from strategic, research in vocabulary development is that vocabulary instruction does improve reading comprehension (Stahl 2 ). However, not all approaches to teaching word meanings improve comprehension. Computer Papers? This chapter will describe some of the most practical and effective strategies that high-school teachers can employ with diverse learners to enhance vocabulary development and increase reading comprehension. 1 Baker, S. K., D. C. Simmons, and E. J. Kame'enui. Vocabulary acquistion: Instructionaland curricular basics and implications. In D. The Power Point Services Pakistan? C. Simmons and E. J. Kame'enui (eds.), What Reading Research Tells Us About Children With Diverse Learning Needs . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988, pp.
219238. 2 Stahl, S. A. Vocabulary Development . Computer Crime Essay? Cambridge, MA: Brookline Books, 1999. There are a number of traditional teaching practices related to role in tqm studies, vocabulary that deserve to be left in the instructional dustbin. The key weakness in all of these practices is the limited or rote interaction students have with the new word/concept. Let us quickly review the computer crime essay papers, most common of these less effective approaches. Look them up . Certainly dictionaries have their place, especially during writing, but the act of looking up a word and copying a definition is not likely to magwitch essay, result in vocabulary learning (especially if there are long lists of unrelated words to look up and for which to copy the definitions). Use them in a sentence . Writing sentences with new vocabulary AFTER some understanding of the word is helpful; however to assign this task before the study of word meaning is computer crime essay of little value. Use context . There is little research to suggest that context is a very reliable source of learning word meanings. Nagy 3 found that students reading at grade level had about engineering services pakistan, a one twentieth chance of learning the meaning of a word from context. This, of course, is crime essay papers not to mycorrhiza, say that context is computer essay unimportant but that students need a broader range of instructional guidance than the exhortation Use context.
Memorize definitions . Rote learning of word meanings is likely to results, at best, in the ability to parrot back what is not clearly understood. The common shortcoming in statement strategic all of computer papers, these less effective approaches is the lack of active student involvement in connecting the thesis statement strategic, new concept/meaning to their existing knowledge base. Vocabulary learning, like most other learning, must be based on the learner's active engagement in constructing understanding, not simply on passive re-presenting of information from a text or lecture. Reviewing the research literature on vocabulary instruction leads to the conclusion that there is computer no single best strategy to teach word meanings but that all effective strategies require students to go beyond the definitional and forge connections between the new and the known. Magwitch Essay? Nagy 3 summarizes the essay, research on effective vocabulary teaching as coming down to three critical notions: Integration connecting new vocabulary to prior knowledge Repetition encountering/using the role in tqm, word/concept many times Meaningful use multiple opportunities to use new words in reading, writing and soon discussion.
The following section will explore some practical strategies that secondary teachers can employ to increase the integration, repetition, and meaningful use of crime essay papers, new vocabulary. Increase the Amount of Independent Reading. The largest influence on students' vocabulary is the sheer volume of reading they do, especially wide reading that includes a rich variety of texts. Magwitch Essay? This presents a particularly difficult challenge for underprepared high-school students who lack the reading habit. The following strategies can help motivate reluctant readers: Matching text difficulty to student reading level and personal interests (e.g. Computer Crime Essay Papers? using the Lexile system) Reading incentive programs that include taking quizzes on books read (e.g., Accelerated Reader, Reading Counts) Regular discussion, such as literature circles, book clubs, quick reviews, of the power engineering services, what students are reading Setting weekly/individual goals for reading volume Adding more structure to Sustained Silent Reading by including a 5-minute quick-write at the end of the reading period, then randomly selecting three or four papers to read/grade to increase student accountability. Choose Appropriate Dictionaries for Heterogeneous Classrooms.
Secondary students certainly need to know how and when to use a dictionary to look up the meanings of unfamiliar words. Surprisingly, many adolescents lack even the most rudimentary dictionary skills and benefit from some explicit instruction. Without training and guidance, less proficient readers and English language learners are apt to encounter numerous difficulties as they struggle first to locate and then to effectively navigate a lengthy dictionary entry. Many students do not own a dictionary, and if they do, it is often not a very powerful or appropriate resource for clarifying word meanings. English learners may carry a bilingual dictionary, but this resource is generally inadequate for crime essay papers several reasons. First, long-term bilinguals or more recent immigrants with disrupted educational histories may have limited academic vocabulary in the home language. When looking up the meaning of a term such as categorize or stereotype , a bilingual youth may very well encounter an unfamiliar word in the native language. Simply copying a translation does little to promote reading comprehension. Further, the small bilingual dictionaries carried by magwitch essay secondary students offer limited and often inaccurate definitions. An electronic dictionary may be equally unproductive for a bilingual or less proficient reader tackling grade-level curricula, as it tends to offer scant definitions and no contextualized example sentences.
An electronic dictionary is useful for a quick fix, but it is essay papers not the magwitch essay, most considerate resource for a student operating from a weak academic vocabulary base while completing grade-level assignments. Another common language arts resource, which is likely to papers, utterly demoralize an under prepared reader, is an adult thesaurus. To benefit from an array of synonyms, a reader must operate from a solid academic vocabulary base. Less proficient English users will generally have no ability to gauge contextual appropriateness and will end up infusing their written work with glaringly inappropriate word choices. A traditional collegiate dictionary is probably a less effective resource for students daunted by grade-level literacy tasks. High school classrooms are predictably equipped with only college-level dictionaries, which are actually designed for a proficient adult reader possessing a relatively sophisticated vocabulary base and efficient dictionary skills. This does not describe the average high-school student, whether she or he is mycorrhiza reading at or below grade level. Collegiate dictionaries can be extremely frustrating resources for most adolescent readers because they do not integrate the support mechanisms of a learners' dictionary. Many publishers, including Longman and Heinle Heinle, have developed a line of manageable learners' dictionaries for computer crime secondary students who need a more user-friendly dictionary to assist them in content area coursework. A learner's dictionary characteristically includes fewer yet more high-frequency definitions, written in accessible language and complemented by an age-appropriate sample sentence.
English language learners and less proficient readers benefit from the clear, simple definitions and common synonyms as much as from the belonging essay, natural examples illustrating words and phrases in typical contexts. These dictionaries are also easier for students to utilize than collegiate dictionaries because the papers, entries are printed in a larger type size and include useful and obvious signposts to guide them in identifying the point engineering services, proper entry. Computer Crime Essay Papers? A final advantage is that many learners' dictionaries may be purchased in book form, along with a CD-ROM providing pictures, audio, and pronunciation of headwords. Developmentally-appropriate lexical resources are fundamental to providing all students, regardless of dissertation mycorrhiza, their level of computer essay, English proficiency or literacy, with greater access to dissertation, grade level competencies and curricula. A democratic language arts classroom, marked by cultural and linguistic diversity, must include considerately chosen and manageable dictionaries for computer crime papers less proficient readers, to enable them to develop more learner autonomy and to assist them in completing independent writing and reading tasks.
Select the Most Important Words to Teach. Students with weak lexical skills are likely to view all new words as equally challenging and important, so it is imperative for the teacher to point out those words that are truly vital to a secondary student's academic vocabulary base. Essay To Respect Your? Unfortunately, teachers who gravitated toward English instruction, in computer essay great part out of a passion for language and literature, may find all words of equal merit and devote too much instructional time to interesting and unusual, yet low-frequency, words, that a less prepared reader is unlikely to encounter ever again. This lexical accessorizing is overwhelming to a reader who may be striving simply to get the gist of belonging essay, a novel, and it proves to crime papers, be even more daunting as the student attempts to study a litany of unfamiliar terms. Graves and Graves 4 make a helpful distinction between teaching vocabulary and teaching concepts.
Teaching vocabulary is teaching new labels / finer distinctions for familiar concepts. In contrast, teaching concepts involves introducing students to new ideas / notions / theories / and so on the power services pakistan that require significantly more instruction to computer essay papers, build real understanding. Teachers can get more out of direct vocabulary work by selecting words carefully. More time-consuming and complex strategies are best saved for conceptually challenging words, while relatively expedient strategies can assist students in belonging essay learning new labels or drawing finer-grained distinctions around known concepts. Making wise choices about which words to teach directly, how much time to take, and when enough is enough is essential to vocabulary building. Tips for selecting words: Distinguish between words that simply label concepts students know and new words that represent new concepts. Computer Essay Papers? Ask yourself, Is this concept / word generative ? Will knowing it lead to important learning in other lessons / texts / units? Be cautious to not accessorize vocabulary (e.g., spend too much time going over many clever adjectives that are very story specific and not likely to essay your, occur frequently).
Rather, focus attention on critical academic vocabulary that is essential to understanding the crime essay, big ideas in a text (e.g., prejudicial: As students learn the meanings of pre- and judge , they can connect to other concepts they know, such as unfair.) Brief Strategies for Vocabulary Development (Stahl 5 ) Words that are new to students but represent familiar concepts can be addressed using a number of relatively quick instructional tactics. Role In Tqm Case Studies? Many of these (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, examples) are optimal for prereading and oral reading, which call for more expedient approaches. Teach synonyms . Computer Crime Papers? Provide a synonym students know, (e.g., link stringent to the known word strict ). Teach antonyms . Not all words have antonyms, but thinking about for those that do, opposite requires their students to evaluate the critical attributes of the words in question. Paraphrase definitions . Thesis Statement Planning? Requiring students to use their own words increases connection making and provides the crime essay papers, teacher with useful informal assessmentDo they really get it? Provide examples . The more personalized the better. An example for the new word egregious might be Ms. Kinsella's 110-page reading assignment was egregious indeed!
Provide nonexamples . Similar to using antonyms, providing non-examples requires students to evaluate a word's attributes. Invite students to explain why it is not an example. To Respect Your Parents? Ask for sentences that show you know. Students construct novel sentences confirming their understanding of a new word, using more than one new word per sentence to crime, show that connections can also be useful. Teach word sorting . Provide a list of vocabulary words from a reading selection and have students sort them into various categories (e.g., parts of speech, branches of government). Thesis Planning? Students can re-sort words into guess my sort using categories of their own choosing. 3 Nagy, W. Computer Essay? Teaching Vocabulary to Improve Reading Comprehension.
Newark, DE: International Reading Association, 1988. 4 Graves, M. and Graves, B. Scaffolding Reading Experiences: Designs for magwitch essay Student Success . Computer Essay Papers? Norwood, MA.: Christopher Gordon 1994. STRATEGIES FOR CONCEPTUALLY CHALLENGING WORDS. Selecting and teaching conceptually demanding words is essential to ensuring that diverse learners are able to grapple with the big ideas crucial to understanding a challenging text. Complex concepts require more multidimensional teaching strategies. The next section will elaborate on a number of these techniques: list-group-label, possible sentences, word analysis (affixes and roots), and concept mapping.
This is a form of structured brainstorming designed to on how your parents, help students identify what they know about a concept and the words related to the concept while provoking a degree of analysis and critical thinking. These are the crime, directions to students: Think of all the words related to ______. (a key big idea in belonging essay the text) Group the words listed by some shared characteristics or commonalties. Decide on a label for each group. Try to add words to the categories on the organized lists. Working in computer crime essay small groups or pairs, each group shares with the class its method of categorization and the thinking behind its choices, while adding words from other class members. Teachers can extend this activity by thesis statement strategic planning having students convert their organized concepts into a Semantic Map which a visual expression of their thinking. List-group-label is an excellent prereading activity to build on prior knowledge, introduce critical concepts, and ensure attention during selection reading. 6 Taba, H. Teacher's Handbook for computer papers Elementary Social Studies . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley 1988. Possible Sentences (Moore and Moore 7 ) This is a relatively simple strategy for teaching word meanings and generating considerable class discussion. The teacher chooses six to eight words from the text that may pose difficulty for mycorrhiza students.
These words are usually key concepts in computer essay the text. Next, the teacher chooses four to six words that students are more likely to know something about. The list of ten to essay on how your parents, twelve words is put on the chalk board or overhead projector. The teacher provides brief definitions as needed. Students are challenged to devise sentences that contain two or more words from the list. All sentences that students come up with, both accurate and computer essay, inaccurate, are listed and discussed. Role Of Hrd In Tqm Studies? Students now read the selection. After reading, revisit the Possible Sentences and discuss whether they could be true based on computer crime papers the passage or how they could be modified to true.
Stahl 8 reported that Possible Sentences significantly improved both students' overall recall of word meanings and their comprehension of text containing those words. Interestingly, this was true when compared to a control group and when compared to Semantic Mapping. 7 Moore, P. Magwitch Essay? W. and S. Essay? A. Moore. Possible sentences. In E. K. Statement Strategic Planning? Dishner, T. Computer? W. Bean, J. Belonging Essay? E. Readence, and P. W. Moore (eds.), Reading in the Content Areas: Improving Classroom Instruction, 2nd ed.,1986. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt pp. 174179. Word Analysis / Teaching Word Parts. Many underprepared readers lack basic knowledge of word origins or etymology, such as Latin and computer essay, Greek roots, as well as discrete understanding of how a prefix or suffix can alter the meaning of a word. Learning clusters of words that share a common origin can help students understand content-area texts and connect new words to those already known. For example, a secondary teacher (Allen 9 ) reported reading about a character who suffered from magwitch essay, amnesia.
Teaching students that the prefix a derives from Greek and means not, while the base mne means memory reveals the meaning. After judicious teacher scaffolding, students were making connections to various words in which the prefix a changed the crime essay papers, meaning of magwitch essay, a base word (e.g., amoral, atypical ). This type of computer crime, contextualized direct teaching meets the point engineering services pakistan, immediate need of understanding an papers unknown word while building generative knowledge that supports students in figuring out difficult words in future reading. Learning and reviewing high frequency affixes will equip students with some basic tools for word analysis, which will be especially useful when they are prompted to apply them in rich and varied learning contexts. The charts below summarize some of the affixes worth considering depending on your students' prior knowledge and English proficiency. Similarly, a quick look at the most common suffixes reveals a comparable pattern of the power point engineering services, relatively few suffixes accounting for a large percentage of suffixed words. There are far too many affixes to directly teach them all; however, it is computer essay papers important to realize that relatively few affixes account for the majority of affixed words in English. Thus, it is helpful to explicitly teach high-utility affixes (meaning and pronunciation) and assist students in making connections as they encounter new vocabulary containing these parts. Once these basic affixes have been mastered, it can be useful to dissertation mycorrhiza, explore more complex or less frequent word parts, such as the following: Additionally, focused word study that builds student knowledge of essay, Greek and Latin roots, or bases, can be of significant assistance to magwitch essay, secondary students. Diverse learners in particular, are unlikely to have read enough or engaged in computer essay papers enough academic conversations beyond school in which key roots were clarified. Linguists estimate that well over dissertation mycorrhiza, 50 percent of polysyllabic words found in computer crime English texts are of Latin or Greek derivation, underlining the importance of ensuring that students learn English from the roots up.
9 Allen, J. Words, Words, Words: Teaching Vocabulary in belonging essay Grades 412. York: ME Stenhouse 1999. Common Latin and Greek Roots (Stahl) Tips for Word Study of Latin and computer crime papers, Greek Roots. Highlight Greek and Latin roots as they come up in your readingsbriefly for less important words and in more depth for essential concepts.
Associate the new word derived from thesis strategic, a root with more generally known words in the students' lexicon. Crime? Visual organizers can be helpful. Encourage students to look for additional words that share the newly learned root in their independent reading and reading in other content classes. Encourage students to use words containing newly learned roots in their writing, conversations, or discussions. Concept Mapping/Clarifying Routine (Ellis 10 ) Research by Frayer et al. supports the strategy of on how to respect parents, teaching concepts by. identifying the critical attributes of the computer papers, word. giving the category to which the the power point engineering, word belongs. discussing examples of the computer crime essay papers, concept. discussing nonexamples. Others have had success extending this approach by guiding students through representation of the magwitch essay, concept in a visual map or graphic organizer. The Clarifying Routine, designed and researched by Ellis et al., 13 is a particularly effective example of concept mapping. These are the steps: Select a critical concept / word to teach. Enter it on a graphic clarifying map like the sample for satire . List the crime, clarifiers or critical attributes that explicate the concept.
List the core ideaa summary statement or brief definition. Brainstorm for planning knowledge connectionspersonal links from students' word views/prior knowledge (encourage idiosyncratic / personal links). Give an example of the concept; link to clarifiers: Why is this an example of ___? Give nonexamples. List nonexamples: How do you know ___ is not an computer crime example of ___? Construct a sentence that shows you know. A story that exposes the services, acts of corrupt politicians by making fun of them. A story that exposes the computer crime, acts of corrupt politicians through factual reporting.
Charles Dickens used satire to expose the problems of common folks in working-class England. • Can be oral or written. • Ridicule or expose vice in a clever way. • Can include irony exaggeration, name-calling, understatement. • Are usually based on statement a real person or event. • Political cartoons on the editorial pages of our paper.
• Stories TV comics tell to crime papers, make fun of the Presidentlike Saturday Night Live . • My mom's humor at dinner time! 10 Ellis, E. (1997). The Clarifying Routine . Lawrence, KS: Edge Enterprises 1997. Tips for Using the Clarifying Routine. Provide all students with a blank clarifying map, and guide them in filling it out while you model your thinking on an overhead projector. In the knowledge connections (step 4 above), encourage students to essay on how your parents, generate their own idiosyncratic linksanything to remind them of the concept. Total accuracy is not as important as forging the crime essay papers, cognitive linkage to the core idea. Focus on magwitch essay nonexamples. This challenges students to explicate why ___ is computer not an example of ___. This level of analysis will greatly assist understanding. Vary use of the routine as students become familiar with the steps, turning more and more of the process over to the power point engineering services pakistan, student direction / control; for example, providing students with a partially-filled-in map if their prior knowledge or proficiency in English requires more support.
Challenge students to fill out their own clarifying maps. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT OF VOCABULARY MASTERY. Because vocabulary plays such a central role in English language arts instruction, it makes sense to assess students' comprehension and crime essay, mastery of essential words and phrases introduced during the course of a unit or lesson. Dissertation Mycorrhiza? However, so much new vocabulary may be highlighted in any given lesson that it makes sense to prioritize words for students and to clearly stipulate those that are most important and that you intend to include in an assessment. During language arts instruction and assessment, it is helpful to make a distinction between words that should simply enhance a student's receptive vocabulary and words that should ideally enter a student's expressive vocabulary.
A student's receptive vocabulary comprises to words that are recognized and understood if presented in a rich and meaningful context when he or she is listening or reading. Computer Crime Essay? This does not mean that the dissertation mycorrhiza, student necessarily feels comfortable using words in either conversation or writing. A student's actual expressive vocabulary is those words that the individual can use both confidently and appropriately. When designing vocabulary assessments, it seems reasonable to computer crime essay, include a majority of foundational words that are truly critical to a student's grade level academic lexiconmore high-frequency terms that the thesis statement strategic planning, learners are likely to encounter both within and outside of the language arts classroom as they progress in computer their schooling. Traditional vocabulary assessments can reveal little about a student's actual word mastery, particularly those assessments that require simple matching, a written definition, or use of the word in an original sentence. While a student may be able to recall a memorized definition and an example sentence provided by the dictionary or the instructor, there is no guarantee that the student can actually use the mycorrhiza, word with facility. Many students have refined their skills in rote memorization and succeed with these rote-level assessments. Then a week later they proceed to misapply the terms in the next writing assignment. For this reason, teachers should refrain from designing quizzes that merely tap into students' short-term memorization and computer crime papers, should instead require critical thinking and creative application. There are many ways to dissertation, design more authentic vocabulary assessments. Following are three meaningful and alternative assessment formats that require relatively little preparation time:
Select only papers, four to six important words and embed each in an accessible and contextualized sentence followed by essay on how a semicolon. Ask students to add another sentence after the semicolon that clearly demonstrates their understanding of the italicized word as it is used in this context. Crime? This assessment format will discourage students from essay on how your parents, rote memorization and merely recycling a sample sentence covered during a lesson. In sum, there are countless additional strategies that teachers can employ to assist students in building their vocabularies. However, it is essential to keep in computer crime mind that promoting extensive reading, carefully selecting which words to teach quickly and which to teach extensively, and choosing strategies that help students make cognitive connections between the new and the known are at the heart of magwitch essay, effective vocabulary building. Last, the more intangible notion of taking delight in the world of words, modeling one's own love of language, pushing the lexical envelope is essay papers less subject to research study but nonetheless certainly worthy of consideration. Allen, J. Words, Words, Words: Teaching Vocabulary in Grades 412 . Belonging Essay? York, ME: Stenhouse 1999. Baker, S. K., D. C. Simmons, and essay, E. J. Kame'enui. Role Of Hrd Studies? Vocabulary acquistion: Instructional and curricular basics and implications. Computer Crime Essay Papers? In D. C. Simmons and E. Magwitch Essay? J. Kame'enui (eds.), What Reading Research Tells Us About Children With Diverse Learning Needs . Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988, pp. 219238.
Ellis, E. (1997). Computer Crime Papers? The Clarifying Routine . Lawrence, KS: Edge Enterprises 1997. Graves, M. and dissertation, Graves, B. Scaffolding Reading Experiences: Designs for Student Success . Norwood, MA.: Christopher Gordon 1994. Moore, P. W. and S. Crime Papers? A. Moore. Dissertation Mycorrhiza? Possible sentences.
In E. K. Computer Essay Papers? Dishner, T. W. Bean, J. E. Readence, and magwitch essay, P. Computer Essay Papers? W. Moore (eds.), Reading in the Content Areas: Improving Classroom Instruction, 2nd ed.,1986. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt pp. 174179. Nagy, W. Your? Teaching Vocabulary to crime essay papers, Improve Reading Comprehension . Newark, DE: International Reading Association 1988. Stahl, S. A. Vocabulary Development . Cambridge, MA: Brookline Books 1999. Taba, H. Teacher's Handbook for Elementary Social Studies . Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley 1967.
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26 Awesome Resume Mind Maps to computer crime essay Inspire You. Essay On How To Respect Your Parents! A memory-jogging exercise and a creative way to show off your accomplishments. If you'd like to mind map your own resume, here are some free tools: Freemind arguably the best known free, downloadable mind maping software. Freeplane a better Freemind than Freemind, I switched to using this a few years ago. Xmind nice user inteface and crime, available in the power engineering 7 languages. bubbl.us cute tool, lets you make the mind maps in your browser window.
Dabbleboard a cool online charting tool that can be used for mind maps, flow charts and more. MindMeister is another online mind mapping site with very handy features. Their basic/free plan is essay papers very limited (you're only thesis statement planning allowed to save 3 mind maps) but they provide a free resume mind map template so you can get started quickly: Subscribe to JobMob via RSS or email and follow me on Twitter for more ways to use mind maps in your job search. Job Search Expert, Professional Blogger, Creative Thinker, Community Builder with a sense of humor. I like to help people. 13 Best Firefox Job Search Add-ons. #128231; How To: The Job Seeker#8217;s Attention-Getting Email Signature.
Job Search Outsourcing and computer crime essay, Other New Prizes For The 3rd JobMob Guest Blogging Contest. Point Engineering Services Pakistan! Although you have worked hard, But I feel that these kind of resume format are not in computer crime practice. Magwitch Essay! We should go for such a format which is very simple, straight forward so that a recruiter may not be puzzled or feel any type of stress. How ever a great creative work! Great article, and computer crime, great collection of resources. Just a slight correction, the link that you#8217;ve provided to in tqm case studies our resume template is broken. It should be pointing to: As this is crime essay papers a template, all MindMeister users can clone this map to their account and get started right away. Likewise, using our handy sharing features, instead of presenting an image, you could embed your mind map resume directly into magwitch essay a webpage. Thanks again for the mention, and happy mind mapping! I love these!
Before you even read the mind maps you can tell so much about the person. The format, the computer essay colors, the pictures give such insight into the person. So powerful! But I do understand that most recruiters would have no idea what to mycorrhiza do with or how to read these mind maps, I think they are a good idea. If nothing more than a tool for the job seeker to understand themselves. High value!
Mind Map resumes are great way to stand out from the crowd! Some of the more colourful and papers, linear Mind Maps (Jane Brotchie, Jennifer Goddard, Skanda Kumarasingam and Zehra Oguz Lebrun) have been created using iMindMap from ThinkBuzan. Role Of Hrd Case! We offer a free-for-life version of the software called iMindMap Basic which you can download at http://www.ThinkBuzan.com. Philip- you wouldn#8217;t send a mindmap resume to a recruiter unless you wanted to computer crime essay papers show off your creativity. Engineering Pakistan! Otherwise, you might put it on computer crime essay, your website. Dan- it#8217;s Jacob #128578; Thanks for pointing out the planning broken link, I just fixed it. Papers! Kimba- agreed! It#8217;s a great way to dissertation plan your more conventional resume, which you would send to recruiters. Charlotte- thanks for pointing that out. Crime Papers! Great selection of maps!
You may find some other interesting examples in dissertation the #8220;careers#8221; section of the mind map library at http://www.biggerplate.com. Even if you dont submit the computer crime papers map itself to a recruiter, it is belonging essay a great way of brainstorming and exploring your personal and computer crime papers, professional strengths. Everyone should give it a try! I#8217;m glad you liked my mind map. You asked me privately how this mindmap came about. Magwitch Essay! I produced this after becoming a licensed instructor for imindmap see http://www.thinkbuzan.com/uk/trainers/jane_brotchie. Crime! This is not free software, but I invested in it as it provides lots of extra functionality and is really simple to use.
There are lots of free programmes that are great too. Magwitch Essay! The beauty of mindmapping is crime essay papers that it helps you take your thinking one step further after I created this I actually saw my work experience in a different light. I think now you have reminded me of this I should update it to include on case studies, my new website at http://www.crystalclearwriting.co.uk. Crime Essay! This is a great collection thanks for pulling it together. The idea for my CV came from a similar one produced by Michael J Scheroter when he worked for MindJet. I liked it so much as it provided links between the main themes of belonging essay my career. It showed progression and development really whilst providing material in a more familiar list format. Due to the number of crime essay nodes in my mind map/resume I actually walk through an IBIS map/decision tree with every employer. Question Should we hire Richard? Idea 1 We hire Richard. Idea 2 We don#8217;t hire Richard.
I then go through all of the positives of hiring me and the potential risks/negatives. I then do the same with not hiring me. By the end of it, I always get hired. Hi, Thanks for your post. Thesis Statement Planning! I used mind manager 8 to create my resume. I was learning about mind mapping and had the idea of trying it on my CV, as i was looking for a new job. Now i use it to crime papers resume books, courses, even in business#8230; I never sent my mind map CV, but it really helped me to structure my experience in my head, and be prepared for interviews. Since I use mindmapping a lot in my job, it gave me the idea to create also a CV version. I use this mindmap version a lot when I introduce myself individually to team members of a project I#8217;m starting. It just is a great way to get a clear overview over who I#8217;m, what I do and what thrills me.
I advice everybody to magwitch essay make such a version#8230; Thank you noticed my mind map. I have used Freemind to create it. Then I have added a simple browser extension in HTML code to computer papers display the page on the internet. Since I have had an dissertation, episodic career, I think it is recognized best through a mindmap. I have just written it in Swedish when I am talking to Swedish employers. My very best regards! Terrific! I use Mind Mapping with clients to help them figure out their career paths. Essay! These are great examples to share to help them create resumes and to realize all the statement strategic skills, talents, experience, and passions they bring to the table. Thanks for computer crime, sharing!
MindMeister seems to be most common of essay on how your parents these. I created mine as well with it and computer crime, I am proud enough of magwitch essay it to share it in here also. Timo- good job. I would just add some images to make it more visually appealing and meaningful, such as employers logos. And instead of saying #8216;Recommendation available on request#8217;, link to a recommendations page online, such as on your personal site or on computer papers, your LinkedIn profile. [#8230;] of JobMob #8212; a creative and the power point engineering, sometimes funny blog about job search. He recently compiled 23 examples of resumes created using mind mapping or idea mapping. Maybe some of computer essay papers these resumes will inspire you to make [#8230;] [#8230;] 11) 26 Awesome Resume Mind Maps to thesis statement strategic planning Inspire You [#8230;] [#8230;] Via jobmob.co.il addthis_pub = #039;bovee#039;; Comments Off [#8230;] [#8230;] For creative roles, your CV can be a vehicle to essay share your eye for design, your innovative ideas or your unique ways of magwitch essay thinking. Here are some great Creative CV ideas. [#8230;] [#8230;] For creative roles, your CV can be a vehicle to computer essay share your eye for design, your innovative ideas or your unique ways of magwitch essay thinking. Here are some great Creative CV ideas. Computer Essay Papers! [#8230;] [#8230;] A creative resume, designed by you, such as a mindmap resume [#8230;] [#8230;] A memory-jogging exercise and belonging essay, a creative way to show off your accomplishments. [#8230;] [#8230;] representation that you can reference when you answer questions about crime papers, yourself. Here is are some examples of on how to respect your parents mind mapping exercises done for essay, CV planning.
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26 Awesome Resume Mind Map Examples. The Job Tips Newsletter Will Teach You How To Find A Job NOW Discover how your resume can attract [#8230;] [#8230;] Concise Learning ™ Concise Learning Method. Into The Book: Summarizing: A Pirate#039;s Life. Sales Simulation Training. 3 LITTLE PIGS: MIND MAP USING READING COMPREHENSION STRATEGIES. Into the Book: Teaching Reading Comprehension Strategies. 26 Awesome Resume Mind Map Examples. [#8230;] [#8230;] A memory-jogging exercise and a creative way to show off your accomplishments. [#8230;] [#8230;] representation that you can reference when you answer questions about yourself.
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Essay: Does America Have a Human Rights Problem? Over the past several years, the United States has become a major target of criticism by leading human rights organizations. Both Amnesty International and crime Human Rights Watch have issued a series of reports which castigate America for its treatment of dissertation mycorrhiza minority groups, women, prisoners, immigrants and asylum seekers, and criminal defendants. Amnesty International has gone so far as to crime essay papers enlist its millions of members in a worldwide campaign against belonging essay human rights abuses in papers, the United States; at the power point engineering services, the 1999 session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Amnesty International listed the U.S. as a major human rights priority, along with Algeria, Cambodia, Turkey, and the Great Lakes region of Africa, which embraces Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. What accounts for this upsurge of concern over the American record? Ordinarily, human rights organizations issue reports in response to clear and verifiable patterns of human rights abuses, such as the computer essay, imprisonment of role of hrd case studies democracy advocates in China or the massacre of Christians in India. Computer? Or they may shine the spotlight on a particular country because of a generalized deterioration in a broad range of human rights, as has been the case in Belarus. Or they may discover violations of rights which have been overlooked in the past, such as female genital mutilation in various African countries. By any reasonable criteria, America does not qualify as a human rights problem. Like all societies, the United States suffers its share of social ills.
Nevertheless, its record of protecting the rights of society’s most vulnerable groups ranks with the services pakistan, best in the world. Layer upon computer essay papers layer of laws, administrative regulations, and court decrees exist to promote the dissertation mycorrhiza, fair treatment of racial minorities, immigrants, the handicapped, women, children, the elderly, the mentally ill, and crime essay papers religious believers (and non-believers as well). Although homosexuals are not extended the protection of belonging essay most federal civil rights laws, the papers, states have increasingly included gays and lesbians in dissertation, the roster of classes protected by anti-discrimination legislation. Yet to its critics, the U.S. is not a country where special rights have been adopted for those who might conceivably suffer discrimination, but a cheerless place where the computer essay, individual is at the mercy of a pitiless market economy and a brutal police regime. True enough, while in America all manner of rights are protected, this is role case studies also a society where heavy demands are placed on the individual.
Among the rich nations, the essay papers, United States has one of the least generous social welfare systems. Unemployment benefits are limited, and mycorrhiza there is no national health insurance system for computer crime papers ordinary workers as in many European countries. Under new legislation, the able-bodied poor, including single mothers, are being pushed off the welfare rolls and into the job market. Furthermore, America has become highly integrated into the global economy, something which has accelerated the decline of the older industrial base, disrupted the lives of millions of displaced workers, and led to the decline of once-vibrant cities. It is dissertation mycorrhiza this second, highly distorted, image of America—an America where, critics contend, the rich get richer and more powerful at the expense of everyone else—which seems to predominate among the major human rights organizations. The Amnesty International report speaks of the U.S. as a country “beset by social problems, including unemployment, disease, and essay papers violent crime,” and thesis strategic planning riddled with “extreme poverty.” That Amnesty International is wrong on every point in its assessment of America’s socioeconomic condition is beside the point. If human rights organizations believe that America’s political leaders treat the crime papers, economic plight of the poor and vulnerable with extreme indifference, then it is magwitch essay only logical that they would expect America to violate the constitutional and human rights of its citizens as well. Two issues in particular have drawn the attention of the human rights community. The first involves the essay, methods America has chosen to wage its war on crime. The second is discrimination against non-whites or, to place the matter in a broader and more appropriate context, the country’s efforts to build a successful multinational society.
The American criminal justice system has come under fire from different sources and for different reasons in recent years. America is one of the few developed societies to mycorrhiza permit capital punishment, and the use of the death penalty has become rather common in certain states, such as Texas. America has one of the highest rates of incarceration in crime essay papers, the world, and in many states, those convicted of violent crimes or drug-related offenses are being handed lengthy sentences with stipulations that most or all of the sentence must be served. Much of the increase in thesis strategic planning, the prison population is due to the war on drugs, a controversial subject even within the computer crime papers, law enforcement profession. Critics claim that sentencing petty drug dealers to years in the penitentiary is unjust and even discriminatory, since a high proportion of drug crime defendants are black.
There is also the question of police abuse. In 1998, Human Rights Watch issued a lengthy study which claimed that police misconduct constituted a major human rights problem and asserted that in many American cities police officers guilty of abuse frequently go unpunished. Although human rights organizations have issued dozens of point engineering critical reports on various aspects of American criminal justice, they have betrayed no interest in the broad question of crime in the United States. This may be because of crime essay papers their position that the context of a human rights violation is immaterial, and the question of how best to wage the war against crime is the responsibility of law enforcement professionals. This is a purist, and belonging essay ultimately insufficient, argument. Computer Crime? If we have learned anything over magwitch essay the past thirty years, it is that high levels of crime, or the public perception that crime is out of control, can present an even greater threat to computer crime papers democracy, the rule of magwitch essay law, and human rights than the essay, abuse of power by in tqm the authorities or draconian sentencing policies. The impact of violent crime on computer crime, American democracy was an important theme of Haynes Johnson’s 1994 book, Divided We Fall. After having spent months touring the the power point services, country and testing the mood of the people, Johnson concluded: No subject generates more concern than violent crime, none touches. people more deeply and personally, none triggers more emotion.
More than any issue, including jobs and education, the growing. specter of violence leads people to think that something. fundamental has been broken in America…. When people are asked what they think can be done about “it,” the answer that invariably comes back is either “I don’t know” or “Nothing!” Crime is believed to be beyond the society’s. capacity to eliminate. Johnson and other authors have expressed concern over what they see as a steady erosion of American civil society. Computer Essay Papers? They point to engineering services pakistan a weakening of the broad institutions, such as the public schools, which gave Americans the sense of belonging to a single nation. They express disappointment at the lack of racial integration in schools and computer essay neighborhoods. They accuse government of willfully ignoring the plight of the inner city poor. They lament the planning, abandonment of urban America by the middle class. The role of violent crime in each of these problems, and many more, is central.
Parents who enroll their children in private schools cite safety as often as they cite quality education. They do not find the presence of metal detectors or security guards reassuring; if the crime, public schools find it necessary to take such extreme steps, they would prefer to move to the suburbs and a safer environment or send their children to non-public schools, despite the expense. Security has also played a major role in the rise of “gated communities.” Critics who regard America as a society in decline often point to the expansion of apartment complexes or residential developments which feature high-tech security devices and private security guards as clear evidence that the the power point pakistan, rich are walling themselves off from the rest of society. But while there may be a complex series of motives in the creation of gated communities, logic suggests that fear of criminals and lack of faith in the criminal justice system is the most important consideration. The deterioration of the essay papers, inner city is, of course, directly attributable to crime and especially to drug-related crime. The failure of schools, businesses, the dissertation mycorrhiza, abandonment of housing, the flight of entrepreneurs and potential community leaders—all reflect the computer papers, impact of high crime rates in minority neighborhoods over the past three decades.
And, of course, crime has had a major impact on American politics. On How? Indeed, the widespread sense that liberals were “soft on crime” was a huge factor in the Republican ascendancy of the 1970s and 1980s. With some justification, liberals became identified with such notions as that the “root causes” of crime were more important than controlling crime, that ensuring the rights of criminal defendants was a higher priority than getting criminals off the streets, and that to call for a war on crime was to appeal to the racial prejudices of the white electorate. With liberals unwilling to confront the public’s distress over rising crime rates, the way was paved for the rise of demagogues like George Wallace, whose presidential campaign siphoned off many blue-collar Democratic votes, and Frank Rizzo, the tough talking mayor of computer essay Philadelphia. The perception that the state was incapable of dealing with the upsurge of violent crime also eroded the public’s confidence in the core institutions of democracy. Belonging Essay? Although the responsibilities of government have grown considerably since the early days of the Republic, most Americans still regard public safety as government’s principal mission.
Americans can hardly be blamed for crime believing that something fundamental in the democratic fabric had given way when high law enforcement officials were expressing doubts over winning the thesis strategic, war on crime. The logic ran that if government cannot make the streets safe, why should citizens believe that it can educate their children, reduce poverty, or spend taxes wisely? It is because of the central nature of the relationship between law enforcement and people’s faith in the institutions of democracy that recent developments loom so crucial. For in fact, there is mounting evidence that through a combination of public policies and new policing techniques, crime has undergone a substantial decrease in practically every major city of the United States. The most notable decrease has been in the violent crime categories—murders, assaults, rapes. Americans are still concerned about violent crime, and may continue to express skepticism about government’s ability to bring peace to the streets. Yet when asked about their greatest concerns, Americans no longer list crime as issue number one; they are more likely to computer crime rank crime below education, Social Security, medical care, and dissertation other domestic issues. There are a number of reasons for crime essay papers the decrease in violent crime that has been recorded in the power point, each of the past seven years. Perhaps the most important is the computer essay, trend toward lengthy prison sentences, which has ensured that, at any given moment, many potential violent offenders are off the belonging essay, streets and behind bars.
But certainly another factor is the implementation of a new law enforcement strategy known generally as “zero tolerance” policing. Zero tolerance policing grew out of the theories of sociologist James Q. Wilson, who wrote some years ago that the failure to prosecute those who commit relatively minor, quality-of-life crimes would inevitably lead to an escalation of criminality until a condition is reached where events begin to spin out of control and neighborhood deterioration sets in. The principal laboratory for the implementation of zero tolerance policing has been New York City during the administration of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani. A former federal prosecutor, Giuliani ran on a tough-on-crime platform, and has instituted a number of initiatives designed to make New York safer and “more livable.” None has generated more controversy than mass arrests for quality-of life misdemeanors: drinking or smoking marijuana in computer papers, public, urinating in the street, subway fare beating, trespassing, reckless bicycle riding, and the like. Zero tolerance is credited with the revival of the power point services several New York neighborhoods which had been plagued by computer an environment notable for belonging essay drug use, drug sales, public intoxication, and groups of computer essay menacing young men—all out in the open with no intervention by the police. Zero tolerance produced almost immediate results in several target neighborhoods, including Greenwich Village and parts of Harlem. The result has been neighborhoods which are more hospitable to families and a spurt in economic development in areas which, a few years previously, had been regarded as beyond revival. There is, of course, a cost to zero tolerance and essay to respect your parents other new urban police techniques, which stems from the rather substantial increase in encounters between the police and the public. Computer Crime Papers? In New York, hundreds of arrests are made each night for misdemeanors like public drinking and fare beating. The accused are taken to the local precinct, booked, and engineering often taken to the central holding area where they may remain overnight, after which they are arraigned before a judge who will ordinarily hand down a small fine, community service, or simply dismiss the case.
Another aspect of zero tolerance is the arrest of petty drug dealers. Unlike the computer crime papers, quality-of-life misdemeanors, drug sales of magwitch essay even the crime essay, small amount can be a serious matter; small-time drug dealers make up a sizeable proportion of the mycorrhiza, American prison population. Civil libertarians take a dim view of zero tolerance and are actively opposed to the war on drugs, objecting to essay papers the jailing of petty dealers and fretting over the preponderance of blacks arrested on drug counts. Role Of Hrd? Here both civil libertarians and minority group spokesmen betray a certain amount of confusion. It was not so long ago that blacks decried the destructive force of narcotics in the inner city. Especially during the height of the crack cocaine epidemic, blacks blamed drugs for destroying black youth, driving the inner city middle class to the suburbs, and robbing minority neighborhoods of economic viability. Essay Papers? True, black leaders were divided on dissertation mycorrhiza, the proper anti-drug strategy. Some called for essay papers a massive police drive against drug use, while others, uncomfortable with an arrest-and-punish approach, talked about ways of dealing with the “root causes” of belonging essay crime. The problem with this latter approach is that the crime essay papers, root causes—poverty, lack of jobs, and economic development—will resist all efforts at betterment unless crime itself is brought under control. Furthermore, the thesis statement strategic, root causes argument has been weakened somewhat by the recent experience of Europe.
Despite its elaborate social welfare protection and social democratic economic policies, Europe has undergone an increase in crime to the point where in countries like France, violent crime rates surpass those in computer crime essay, the United States. Magwitch Essay? Much of the increase in criminality is attributed to unemployed, alienated non-white immigrant youths. In response, some European countries have witnessed the rise of ultra-nationalist parties of the computer crime, Right and demand that severe restrictions be placed on immigration. The United States has been spared this phenomenon. In fact, while the belonging essay, United States has implemented the democratic world’s harshest anti-crime regime, it has maintained a relatively liberal policy towards immigrants. Despite calls by a special commission on immigration chaired by the late Barbara Jordan for a modest reduction in the number of legal immigrants, America has maintained the same, relatively high immigration level through periods of both boom and recession. Proposals to change the immigration balance, which now overwhelmingly favors Hispanics and Asians, to encourage a higher proportion of European immigrants, have been rejected, as have proposals to adjust immigration criteria to favor the papers, educated and highly skilled. Thus the charge advanced by thesis strategic one well-known human rights organization that the U.S. is undergoing a wave of anti-immigrant sentiment is patently false. Essay? In 1994, California’s voters adopted a measure which denied certain rights to illegal immigrants. Role Of Hrd Case? Again, the proposition affected only computer papers illegal aliens, and the effect of the measure has been minimized by dissertation mycorrhiza various court decisions. Congress subsequently passed legislation denying welfare benefits to crime essay legal immigrants, a measure adopted in part because statistics indicated that a growing proportion of thesis statement strategic immigrants were on the welfare rolls.
There is a good chance that this restriction will be lifted, since both President Clinton and a number of Republicans have spoken in favor of crime essay removing a measure which singled out immigrants for special treatment. If America has not become hostile to legal immigrants, it is also true that many people are concerned over evidence that some of the dissertation mycorrhiza, newer immigrant groups were resisting assimilation into the broader American culture. Essay? Many immigrants seemed to regard American citizenship with indifference, and developed an case studies interest in computer crime, the naturalization process only after the adoption of restrictions on immigrants access to in tqm case welfare. The notion that some immigrant groups were resistant to becoming “American” was fortified by immigrant constituency organizations, which sometimes spoke disparagingly of assimilation and pressed for government policies which would encourage immigrants to computer essay papers retain their cultural identity. In Tqm Studies? Many Americans became skeptical of bilingual education, a technique for teaching immigrants which was supported with particular vigor by Hispanic organizations. To many, bilingual education was a prime example of a policy of dubious educational merit which was kept in place for political reasons.
Immigrants bring many benefits to a society like the United States. They have played a critical role in the revival of American cities through their hard work and enterprising spirit. Computer Crime Papers? Many have brought with them traditional values of work, family, religious belief, education, and good citizenship. But high levels of immigration are not cost free, especially when the immigrants are ethnically and culturally different from the majority. Furthermore, our current level of mass immigration takes place at a time of unprecedented expansion in the rights of minorities, with immigrants themselves quick to identify new and special “rights.” Thus, some have decried the thesis statement strategic planning, policy of eliminating remedial courses at the City University of New York system as a violation of the rights of immigrants. Similarly, some see measures to roll back bilingual education as a violation of the crime, right to an equal education, while others decry the roll-back of affirmative action as the denial of the rights of blacks, Hispanics, and even relatively prosperous Asian groups.
Thus, at the core of the dissertation, debate over the American condition is a conflict between those who believe that society’s strength lies in computer crime papers, an elaborate and belonging essay constantly expanding series of rights and those who understand that a safe and crime papers successful multinational democracy requires hard decisions and trade-offs between individual rights, the protection of minorities, and the requirements of the broader society. Most societies would not support the high levels of culturally diverse immigrants that the United States allows in each year. But even in dissertation, America, the welcome mat would be withdrawn if high percentages of immigrants were on welfare or if immigrants were a major contributor to uncontrolled violent crime. Likewise, the computer crime essay papers, resistance to neighborhood or school integration will remain a substantial problem as long as high rates of crime prevail in minority neighborhoods. Essay Your Parents? In this sense, the extraordinary crime reduction initiatives which have been undertaken in many cities should be regarded not as threats to civil liberties, but rather as measures which will over computer the long run strengthen both democracy and civil society. While the U.S. has adopted a stricter attitude towards crime control, this has not come at the expense of the constitutional rights of the American people, including criminal defendants. Most of the procedural safeguards set down by the Supreme Court during the 1960s remain in place. True, relations between the police and minority communities remain uneasy.
But urban police departments are racially integrated, and a number of cities have appointed black officers as police chief. Although bigoted police officers remain an unfortunate reality, the fact is the power point engineering that most deadly encounters between the police and black civilians involve black officers. Most police departments require better educated police officers than in the past, and new recruits are usually given extensive training in computer essay papers, crowd control, community relations, and similar sensitive subjects. Veterans of the criminal justice field overwhelmingly say that police abuse is much less prevalent today than at magwitch essay, any time in the past, and computer crime papers police racism is much less a problem than in the pre-civil rights period. It should be noted that America’s record in curbing crime and in accommodating diverse cultures compares quite favorably to current conditions in other countries. In societies like Russia and Mexico, uncontrolled crime ranks as the greatest threat to democracy, political stability, and prosperity. Violent crime has led a number of dissertation mycorrhiza Caribbean countries to make use of the death penalty. In Europe, robberies, assaults, and murders are on crime essay papers, the rise in belonging essay, a number of countries, fueling demands to limit or cut off the flow of immigrants from Africa and the Middle East. European elites often express shock at the rough justice meted out by American courts, are appalled by America’s use of the death penalty, and continue to regard America as incurably racist 35 years after the abolition of legal segregation. Now, however, it is Europe which is confronting the challenge of cultural diversity, and while the proportion of non-European immigrants in France, Germany, and elsewhere does not compare with American figures, Europe is finding the experience a painful one. Essay? In Germany alone, there have been more instances of ethnic violence in recent years than in the United States.
Finally, no assessment of magwitch essay human rights in the U.S. would be complete without some consideration of the reflexively critical attitude towards America shared by many among our liberal elites. A half-century ago, the U.S. was rightly regarded as having a serious human rights problem in the southern system of legal segregation and in the general denial of equal rights to non-whites. Ironically, America’s racial record was chastised much more severely after it had taken steps to dismantle segregation and other legal obstacles to crime papers equality. Indeed, the more America changed, the magwitch essay, more tenaciously many critics, both here and abroad, held to the view of a society dominated by bigotry and crime essay papers “institutional racism.” During the latter stages of the Cold War, America was also accused of blocking popular revolution in Asia, Africa, and magwitch essay Latin America.
Although the major human rights organizations did not join with those who branded America as the nerve center of world imperialism, they did criticize the computer essay papers, U.S. for strategic its support of El Salvador and crime other repressive Third World regimes. At the thesis strategic planning, same time, some advocates of essay papers human rights resisted the idea that democracy was a precondition for the full flowering of personal liberty. To accept the democracy argument, they claimed, would be to side with one of the contending sides in the Cold War - the West - and to automatically adopt a critical stance towards the Communist world, where democracy was unknown. The end of the Cold War, with its sudden and magwitch essay totally unexpected collapse of Soviet Communism, caught the critics of America off-guard. America could no longer be regarded as imperialist, or even as tolerant of human rights abuses, since its so-called client states moved expeditiously towards democracy and crime national reconciliation, and many formerly Communist countries embraced both democracy and market reforms. It was predictable that the U.S. would once again become a target for criticism, particularly since it emerged as the only country which could legitimately claim superpower status. Although America no longer can be accused of supporting “reactionary” regimes in Central America, it can, and is, derided for essay your its failure to sign certain international covenants, such as the International Criminal Court. And since America cannot be criticized seriously for supporting repression abroad, it is increasingly attacked for tolerating official persecution of its own citizens at computer essay papers, home. No society, and certainly not the U.S., should expect that its failings will be ignored by the international community. At the same time, America should not be judged by a more rigorous standard than is applied elsewhere. During the postwar period America has forged an impressive record in promoting the spread of democracy and the respect for individual rights throughout the world, and in dissertation, expanding human rights and civil liberties among its own people.
America’s record is crime essay papers all the magwitch essay, more impressive because of its success in building a peaceful and relatively integrated multinational society in an era in which ethnic diversity is more often a source of division than of strength. An assessment of America’s human rights record which ignores this context does a serious injustice to the United States. More to crime the point, it ultimately does a disservice to the principles on which the human rights movement has been built. Arch Puddington is thesis vice president for research at Freedom House.