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Psychology: Essay on Psychology | College Essays
a synthesis essay A synthesis is essay a written discussion that draws on one or more sources. Good Essays For Student! It follows that your ability to write syntheses depends on your ability to infer relationships among sources - essays, articles, fiction, and also nonwritten sources, such as lectures, interviews, observations. This process is essay nothing new for you, since you infer relationships all the time - say, between something you've read in the newspaper and something you've seen for yourself, or between the teaching styles of essay, your favorite and least favorite instructors. In fact, if you've written research papers, you've already written syntheses. In an academic synthesis, you make explicit the relationships that you have inferred among separate sources. The skills you've already been practicing in this course will be vital in writing syntheses.
Clearly, before you're in a position to draw relationships between two or more sources, you must understand what those sources say; in other words, you must be able to summarize these sources. It will frequently be helpful for your readers if you provide at least partial summaries of sources in your synthesis essays. At the same time, you must go beyond summary to make judgments - judgments based, of course, on your critical reading of your sources - as you have practiced in psycology essay, your reading responses and in class discussions. You should already have drawn some conclusions about the quality and business plan excel template validity of psycology essay, these sources; and you should know how much you agree or disagree with the dream hook points made in your sources and the reasons for essay, your agreement or disagreement. Further, you must go beyond the critique of individual sources to essay school, determine the relationship among them. Is the information in source B, for example, an essay, extended illustration of the generalizations in source A? Would it be useful to compare and contrast source C with source B? Having read and day celebration considered sources A, B, and C, can you infer something else - D (not a source, but your own idea)? Because a synthesis is based on two or more sources, you will need to be selective when choosing information from psycology, each. It would be neither possible nor desirable, for instance, to discuss in a ten-page paper on the battle of good essays for student, Wounded Knee every point that the authors of essay, two books make about their subject. What you as a writer must do is select the ideas and information from each source that best allow you to achieve your purpose. Business Plan Excel Template! Your purpose in reading source materials and then in drawing upon them to psycology essay, write your own material is often reflected in the wording of an assignment. For example, your assignment may ask that you evaluate a text, argue a position on a topic, explain cause and effect relationships, or compare and contrast items.
While you might use the same sources in writing an argumentative essay as your classmate uses in writing a comparison/contrast essay, you will make different uses of those sources based on the different purposes of the assignments. What you find worthy of detailed analysis in Source A may be mentioned only in business plan excel template, passing by your classmate. USING YOUR SOURCES. Your purpose determines not only what parts of essay, your sources you will use but also how you will relate them to one another. Since the very essence of synthesis is the persuasive combining of information and ideas, you must have some basis on which to combine them. Some relationships among the material in you sources must make them worth sythesizing. It follows that the better able you are to discover such relationships, the better able you will be to use your sources in writing syntheses. Your purpose in writing (based on your assignment) will determine how you relate your source materials to one another.
Your purpose in psycology, writing determines which sources you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in your essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to american dream essay hook, one another. THE ARGUMENT SYNTHESIS: The purpose of an argument synthesis is for you to present your own point of view - supported, of course, by psycology, relevant facts, drawn from sources, and presented in a logical manner. The thesis of an essays, argumentative essay is debatable. It makes a proposition about which reasonable people could disagree, and any two writers working with the same source materials could conceive of and support other, opposite theses. 2. Keep in essay, mind that original thought and insightful analysis are required for a 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper; 2.5 and below evaluations tend not to present original ideas.
3. A 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper will create a dialogue between the essay exam essay author's ideas and her sources, and also among the psycology sources themselves. 2.5 and below evaluations will often summarize one point at a time, with the essay author's idea stated at the end. If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the essay exam synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly. Essay! In the 2.5 and teachers school below essay, each person in the room stands up in turn, gives a speech, and sits down, with little or no question and answer period in between or afterward. 4. Take special care to address your audience in an appropriate manner. Make sure you establish your credibility on the subject and that you provide sufficient information to psycology essay, make your argument (thesis) convincing. 5. Organize your paper logically: A. State your thesis clearly and make sure that it reflects the focus of your essay.
B. Make sure your main points are clearly stated (use topic sentences), and connect each point to your thesis as explicitly as possible. American Dream Essay! C. Divide paragraphs logically. D. Provide appropriate transitions both within and between paragraphs. 6. Psycology Essay! Develop each main idea thoroughly. Use specific examples and source materials appropriately as support. Be sure to integrate source materials smoothly into your own writing using attribution phrases and transitions. Essay Teachers Day Celebration! Also be sure to avoid unnecessary repetition (repetition is often an organization problem). 7. Psycology! Select words precisely. When in doubt, use a dictionary! 8. Make sure sentences are clear and unambiguous. Avoid passive voice.
Double-check to see that sentences are adequately varied in length and style, and that there are no fragments or run-ons. Also proofread carefully to correct any other sentence errors. Essay Writing Resources! 9. Proofread carefully to identify and correct mechanical errors, such as errors in plurals or possessives, subject-verb agreement, shifts in verb tense or person (you), comma errors, spelling errors, and so on. 10. Psycology! Quadruple check your MLA documentation. Are your parenthetical citations correct? Is your Works Cited list correct according to MLA style, and does it include all sources cited in your essay? 11.
Be sure to give your essay a descriptive and attention-getting title (NOT Synthesis, for goodness sake. Persuasive About! ). 12. Make sure your essay is formatted correctly and posted to your web site correctly. Consider your purpose in essay, writing. Read the topic assignment carefully. What are you trying to american, accomplish in your essay? How will this purpose shape the way you approach your sources? Select and psycology essay carefully read your sources, according to your purpose. Re-read the sources, mentally summarizing each.
Identify those aspects or parts of your sources that will help you in fulfilling your purpose. When rereading, label or underline the passages for main ideas, key terms, and any details you want to use in the synthesis. About Childhood Obesity! Formulate a thesis. Your thesis is the essay main idea that you want to present in your synthesis. It must be expressed as a complete sentence and include a statement of the topic and your assertion about that topic. Sometimes the essay writing resources thesis is the first sentence, but more often it is the final sentence of the psycology first paragraph. Decide how you will use your source material and take notes. How will the essays council information and the ideas in your sources help you to fulfill your purpose? Re-read your sources and psycology essay write down the information from your sources that will best develop and business plan support your thesis.
Develop and organizational plan, according to your thesis. (See Techniques for Developing Synthesis Essays immediately below.) How will you arrange your material? It is not necessary to prepare a formal outline, but you should have some plan in essay, mind that will indicate the order in which you will present your material and that will indicate the relationships among your sources. Write the essay teachers day celebration school first draft of your synthesis, following your organizational plan. Essay! Be flexible with your plan, however, and allow yourself room to incorporate new ideas you discover as you write. Persuasive Essay Obesity! As you discover and incorporate new ideas, re-read your work frequently to psycology, ensure that your thesis still accounts for what follows and english essay exam that what follows still logically supports your thesis. Document your sources.
Use MLA-style in-text citations and a Works Cited list to credit your sources for all material you quote, paraphrase, or summarize. For example, if I wanted to note in psycology essay, my essay the essay exam difference between name-calling and psycology argumentum ad hominem as personal forms of attack, I would credit the article on Politics: The Art of Bamboozling from WARAC by essay, offering a citation that includes the author's last name and the exact page number where she discussed this notion (Cross 302). At the essay end of the essay, I would have a complete bibliographic citation for good for student council, the Politics article. Revise your synthesis. Insert transitional words and phrases where necessary. Integrate all quotations so they flow smoothly within your own sentences. Use attribution phrases to distinguish between your sources' ideas and your own ideas. Make sure the essay reads smoothly, logically, and clearly from beginning to end. Essay! Check for grammatical correctness, punctuation, and spelling. TECHNIQUES FOR DEVELOPING SYNTHESIS ESSAYS. Summary can be useful - and sophisticated - if handled judiciously, selectively, and in combination with other techniques.
At some time you may need to summarize a crucial source in some detail. At another point, you may wish to summarize a key section or paragraph of a source in a single sentence. Try to anticipate what your reader needs to know at any given point of your paper in order to comprehend or appreciate fully the business point you are making. Essay! EXAMPLE OR ILLUSTRATION: At one or more points in business excel, your paper, you may wish to refer to psycology essay, a particularly illuminating example or illustration from your source material. You might paraphrase this example (i.e., recount it, in some detail, in your own words), summarize it, or quote it directly from your source. In all these cases, of course, you would properly credit your source. TWO (OR MORE) REASONS: The two reasons approach can be an extremely effective method of development. American Hook! You simply state your thesis, then offer reasons why the statement is true, supported by evidence from your sources. You can advance as many reasons for essay, the truth of your thesis as needed; but save the most important reason(s) for last, because the end of the paper is what will remain most clearly in the reader's mind. Dream! STRAWMAN: When you use the strawman technique, you present an argument against your thesis, but immediately afterward you show that this argument is weak or flawed.
The advantage of this technique is psycology that you demonstrate your awareness of the other side of the argument and show that you are prepared to answer it. The strawman argument first presents an introduction and thesis, then the main opposing argument, a refutation of the opposing argument, and finally a positive argument. CONCESSION: Like the college resources strawman, the concession technique presents the opposing viewpoint, but it does not proceed to demolish the opposition. Instead, it concedes that the opposition has a valid point but that, even so, the positive argument is the stronger one. This method is particularly valuable when you know your reader holds the opposing view. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST: Comparison and contrast techniques enable you to examine two subjects (or sources) in terms of one another. When you compare, you consider similarities. When you contrast, you consider differences. By comparing and contrasting, you perform a multifaceted analysis that often suggests subtleties that otherwise might not have come to your attention.
To organize a comparison/contrast analysis, you must carefully read sources in order to discover significant criteria for psycology essay, analysis. A criterion is a specific point to which both of your authors refer and about which they may agree or disagree. Essay Childhood Obesity! The best criteria are those that allow you not only to psycology essay, account for obvious similarities and essay about obesity differences between sources but also to plumb deeper, to more subtle and significant similarities and psycology essay differences. There are two basic formulas for comparison/contrast analysis:
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Essay Writing Guide for Psychology Students | Simply Psychology
sample resume patent This application claims priority of a provisional application, Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. 15, 1995. The invention relates to essay, electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and methods. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION.
Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and essay exam, frustrating for psycology essay, job applicants. Business Excel Template! Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for each, and finally delivering them is psycology essay, burdensome and time-consuming.
The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and american dream essay, the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and handling. The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and expensive burden on the employer. Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of substantial physical space; difficulty in psycology searching through large quantities of paper documents; the american essay hook near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and the lack of uniformity in the search process from one practitioner to another. From the above discussion, it is essay, clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management.
Yet prior attempts to resolve some of these problems have achieved only limited success. Document scanners have been used in some attempts to reduce the excel physical space consumed by psycology, physical resumes. However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in day celebration some attempts to convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to psycology, forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to review the format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is good essays council, of value. Still other attempts have employed the aforementioned OCR conversion to allow the use of keyword search methods on the resulting text of full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases.
However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the nature of written language. As just one example, an psycology employer seeking applicants residing in english exam the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation IN. Psycology Essay! The letter pair in appears frequently in the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with keyword search methods is the requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and phrases. Such wide variation causes keyword search methods to essay writing, often erroneously exclude qualified applicants--without notification to the searcher--while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at applying computer technology to resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and essay, usefulness.
For example, many have been intended for use only by essay teachers school, employers, employment specialists, or headhunters. Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Pat. Psycology Essay! No. 5,164,897 to Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative. The first sentence of the exam prior art section of this patent describes the essay prior art as applying to employment agencies (sometimes called search firms). The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for use by essay, such agencies and firms--without direct applicant involvement of any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for ongoing involvement. Psycology! Such approaches can result in outdated information and questionable results.
Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at writing the employer's place of business. Psycology Essay! The difficulty in english learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately trained. Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the psycology aforementioned keyword searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of college resources such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at incorporating computer-based searching methods is seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). Essay! This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of essay about obesity method: First, the user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to psycology, learn, and slow to operate. Second, there is no objective reference for ranking standards--individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of personal opinions. Third, employers are asked to rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard.
Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to each other, compounding assumptions upon assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results. Another attempt at providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template. However, keyword searches still involve searching the college writing resources entire contents of resume data; no searching by essay, fields is available. A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the about childhood resulting pure text is psycology essay, sorted as one large text file, like other systems. There is also no provision for writing, charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means.
Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resume text. None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and retrieval of resume images in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the essay invention provides a method of and apparatus for storing formatted summaries or outlines of resume images, and efficient searching and american essay, subsequent selection of the resume outlines and psycology, their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for creating the aforementioned resume outlines which is based on a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the training required to effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the aforementioned stored resume outlines in a manner which minimizes the need for specialized equipment and training. In one embodiment, such searches can be or suspended, and business, resumed at psycology a later time.
One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for dream hook, enabling the automatic and continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and resume image and enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for coordinating the psycology essay terminology and vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry and college essay, searching for the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for the controlled expansion of the essay terminology and for student, vocabulary used by applicants and potential employers in the entry of and searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, or other commercial connectivity services, for applicant submission of outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to psycology, automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the expiration of persuasive essay childhood obesity a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the psycology essay invention employs modern communications systems for billing and payment for services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of plan excel ordinary skill in the art upon psycology review of the following detailed description, claims, and plan, drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the psycology invention. FIG.
2 is a block diagram of day celebration school a server included in the system shown in FIG. Essay! 1. FIG. School! 3 is an example of a resume outline form sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an applicant's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of FIG.
1. FIG. 5 is an example of psycology essay a summary of childhood a resume outline sent from the server of FIG. 2 to an employer's client machine in response to a search request. FIG. 6 is an psycology essay example of a vocabulary assistance process in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 7 is an example of a resume image stored by the server of template FIG. 2. FIGS. Essay! 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flowchart of a process performed by the server of FIG. 2. in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS.
This disclosure of the invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Essays Council! Patent Laws to promote the progress of science and useful arts (Article 1, Section 8) FIG, 1 shows a resume storage and retrieval system 10 embodying the invention. The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14, and a database 16 defined in psycology the memory 14. The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX (TM) machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel (TM) PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc. (TM) personal computer or clone, or Apple (TM), Macintosh (TM), or PowerPC (TM) personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. The memory 14 is preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). The server 12 includes typical components (FIG. 2) such as a CPU or processor 18, input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and printer, RAM 20, ROM 22, serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24, which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc.
In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to essays for student, the Internet, so that the psycology server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly in one embodiment, the server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiments the server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is business plan template, a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12. The job applicant's client machine 26 is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for psycology essay, the communication link 28 between the server 12 and the applicant's client machine 26. For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of connection. Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of essay writing communication links 28. For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the psycology communication link is established, communications can take place over the link using any of essays for student various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variation s on essay these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol.
During a session, the server 12 communicates to essays for student council, the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 (FIG. 3) to be completed by a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of essay fields 31 relevant to obesity, employment, using which typical information found on psycology essay a resume is summarized by the applicant, The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32, an optional information section 34, a position desired section 36, an education section 38, and an employment history section 40. Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39, 41, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, and 56 for essay teachers, the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the psycology two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the optional information section 34 has fields 58, 60, 62 and 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and college writing, 68 relating to security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74, 76, 78, and essay, 80 relating to the type of exam employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82, 84, 86, and 88 relating to compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to the date when the applicant will be available for the new position, the education section 38 has fields 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 104, 106, and 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and psycology essay, locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100, 102, 104, 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and the employment history section 40 has fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 for american dream, employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and end date for that position (multiple copies of fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the words shown in FIG. 3 adjacent the psycology essay fields. For World Wide Web applications, the form 30 is an resources HTML form, and has submit and clear buttons 122 and psycology essay, 124 using which the applicant can either send the information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and start over. The form 30 further includes a vocabulary assistance button 146, the function of which is discussed below.
Upon receiving the form 30, the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32. The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 (FIG. 7) of the applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and margins of a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to employers wishing to gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. The graphics file can be, for day celebration school, example, in a file format identified by one of the following extensions: .GIF,.TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE),.BMP,.TGA,.EPS,.PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and font information of the original document. The applicant can create the graphics file in psycology any appropriate manner at a location 134 remote from the server 12. For example, the applicant can create the graphics file using a scanner 128 (FIG. 1), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Business Plan Excel Template! Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 (FIG. Psycology Essay! 1) to fax his or her actual printed resume to a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by the server.
In one embodiment, the system administrator can convert the graphics file from a fax format to one of the above mentioned graphics file formats. Preferably, however, the server 12 itself will automatically perform the conversion from fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is dream hook, not required. In this preferred embodiment, the facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in the server 12. In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The server 12 receives and stores in the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant. In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the psycology summary information.
For example, the english essay summary information can be sent from the essay applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via HTML, and the graphics file 126 can be sent from dream, that applicant's client machine 26 to psycology essay, the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at the applicant's option. The form 30 is useful in that it provides searchable information. Childhood Obesity! The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31, so that searches can be performed by field, by prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in using the system is avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30, and employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the psycology essay employers search the database using a form 136 (FIG. 4) that is very similar in appearance to the form 30 presented to applicants The forms 30 and 136 provide a standard framework to be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the summary information entry from the persuasive essay form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's client machine 26.
In other words, if a search by an employer turns up the summary information for a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an image of psycology essay that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by excel, the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and transmit the psycology essay form 30 during one session, and then upload the essay school resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. In other words, it is not required that the psycology two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in essay writing resources selective communication with the server 12. The employer's client machine is psycology, connected to the server 12 via a communication link 140. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138.
For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an plan Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection. Psycology Essay! Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12. Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the server 12 using different types of communication links 140. For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the server 12 using an Internet connection. Employers may prefer to use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in business transmitting credit card information. If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in essay the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12, or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP--pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt (TM) software, or some other encryption method).
Upon connection, the essay school server 12 provides the psycology employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 (FIG. 4). The search form 136 is preferably similar to the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by dream hook, applicants. After filling in the search form, entering search terms in the fields of importance to the employer, the employer sends the search form to the server (e.g., by pressing a submit, send, or search button 142 on psycology essay the form in a HTML application). This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the american essay summary information in psycology the database 16. American Dream Essay Hook! As was the essay case with the applicant's form 30, the form 136 also includes a clear button 144, in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and start over. The search parameters are defined by the filled search form 136 The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to essay day celebration, be searched for psycology, which keywords. For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical OR of each word contained in college a field, and psycology, which takes the american logical AND of each of the fields 31.
Other logical and psycology essay, weighted combinations are possible. In one embodiment, if an employer fills in plan template US in the citizenship field, and essay, fills in Engineer, Scientist in the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for american dream essay, creating search queries can also be employed. Psycology Essay! For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to have a close match in the city field in the Personal Information section than to good for student council, have a close match in the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as engineer NOT chemical (e.g., if an employer is looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer) In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an essay amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of essay qualifying applicants is suppressed at psycology this stage, In one embodiment, the american dream information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is summarized information, for easy and essay, quick review in a standardized, compact, format. An example of summarized information is shown in persuasive essay obesity FIG. 5. Relevancy ranking is performed in essay a preferred embodiment.
The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in childhood the search form 136, are substantially similar enough to be of potential interest to the employer. Psycology! Relevancy ranking can be performed in good for student a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by essay, Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from for student, Nexial Systems, St. Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software--EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif. 95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. 91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in FIG. 5) is psycology essay, provided for the best matches to essay obesity, the search request, after taking into account the relevancy ranking described above The maximum number of matches supplied to psycology, the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the system 10, or the employer performing the search. In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to whether to present graphics files 126 of business plan resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the psycology essay search parameters.
The server does not present the graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for entries that satisfy the essay exam search parameters until payment is made or authorized by the employer. The employer may establish an account, and essay, provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and graphics files without having to again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above. In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to the server 12. For example, the employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of american dream storing employer's search requests, and periodically later repeating the search (update searching). Thus, additional entries matching the search parameters can be located in the event the database has been modified and contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters. If the employer desires the ability to store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by psycology, the server 12 to persuasive about obesity, obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server in a subsequent connection session.
The server 12 is also capable of suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and of resuming the search at a later time upon receiving a resume request from the employer's client machine 138. For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of hits (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and wish to take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the employer desires the psycology ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30, or for assisting an employer in formulating a search request using form 136. The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the form 136. An example of vocabulary assistance is illustrated in FIG. 6. If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to the machine 26 or 138). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the english exam menu, which will then be added in psycology essay the field. Alternatively, instead of using the vocabulary assistance while initially filling the form 136, an employer may be dissatisfied with the results of a search, and college, may then return to the form 136 and initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the fields.
The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in a manner similar to spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to psycology essay, one embodiment of the invention.
At step S1, a determination is made as to whether a client has connected to essay exam, the system. If so, the essay system proceeds to step S2; if not, the system proceeds to step S7. At step S2, the server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. After performing step S2, the system proceeds to step S3. At step S3, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S12; if not, the system proceeds to essay about childhood, step S4. At step S4, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. If so, the psycology essay system proceeds to plan, step S25; if not, the essay system proceeds to step S5. At step S5, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S34; if not, the system proceeds to step S6.
At step S6, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to persuasive childhood, continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S29; if not, the system proceeds to step S64. At step S7, a determination is made as to whether it is time for an applicant to psycology essay, update the information they have provided to the server, If so, the system proceeds to essay teachers day celebration, step S8; if not, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S8, the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information. After performing step S8, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S9, a determination is made as to whether it is psycology essay, time to essay teachers school, continue suspended searches.
If so, the system proceeds to step S10; if not, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S10, suspended searches are performed. Essay! After performing step S10, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S11, a determination is made as to dream essay, whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to step S1.
At step S12, a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for a selection of a password After performing step S12, the system proceeds to step S13. At step S13, the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S13, the system proceeds to step S14. At step S14, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S14, the system proceeds to psycology essay, step S15. At step S15, the server sends the resume outline form to good essays for student council, the connected client, and essay, requests that the applicant fill out the form. After performing step S15, the system proceeds to step S16. At step S16, the server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S16, the system proceeds to step S17. At step S17, a determination is made as to college essay, whether the psycology essay client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the college resources system proceeds to essay, step S18; if not, the system proceeds to step S19. At step S18, the writing requested vocabulary assistance information is added to psycology essay, the resume outline form. An example of vocabulary assistance is shown in FIG. 6. For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and satellite in college writing the job title field, and requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine, The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for addition to the job title field. Psycology! Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the fields on the outline form. After performing step S18, the system proceeds to step S15.
At step S19, the server stores the essays for student information filled in psycology the resume outline form in the database After performing step S19, the american hook system proceeds to step S20. At step S20, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and requests that the applicant select a method. Psycology! After performing step S20, the system proceeds to teachers day celebration school, step S21. At step S21, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S21, the system proceeds to step S22. At step S22, the server prepares to receive the resume image from the client using the selected reception method.
After performing step S22, the system proceeds to step S23. At step S23, the psycology server receives the resume image. After performing step S23, the system proceeds to essay school, step S24. At step S24, the server stores the resume image in the database. After performing step S24, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S25, the system sends to the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and password.
After performing step S25, the psycology essay system proceeds to american hook, step S26. At step S26, the server receives and verifies the password and ID. After performing step S26, the system proceeds to step S27. At step S27, the server retrieves the existing resume outline information from the essay database for this applicant. After performing step S27, the essay teachers day celebration system proceeds to step S28. At step S28, the server fills the empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database After performing step S28, the psycology essay system proceeds to S15. At step S29, the server sends to the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and plan excel template, password. After performing step S29, the system proceeds to step S30. At step S30, the server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S30, the system proceeds to step S31. At step S31, the server sends to the client a list of psycology essay this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection.
After performing step S31, the system proceeds to step S32. At step S32, the business plan server receives the selection from the client. After performing step S32, the system proceeds to step S33. At step S33, the server fills the empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution. After performing step S33, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S34, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. Essay! After performing step S34, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S35, the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. Dream Essay! After performing step S35, the system proceeds to step S36.
At step S36, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S36, the psycology essay server proceeds to step S37. At step S37, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S45; if not, the system proceeds to step S38. At step S38, a determination is made as to whether the persuasive essay obesity client requested suspension of the search. If so, the system proceeds to step S46; if not, the system proceeds to step S39. At step S39, the server searches the database of existing resume outline information After performing step S39, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S40, the server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action.
For example, the desired action can be a request that the employer select whether to modify the search, or to psycology essay, view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. After performing step S40, the system proceeds to step S41. At step S41, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S41, the system proceeds to college, step S42. At step S42, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to modify the search criteria.
If so, the system proceeds to step S35; if not, the system proceeds to essay, step S43. At step S43, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to essays for student council, view an psycology entire outline. Essay Day Celebration School! If so, the psycology system proceeds to day celebration school, step S44; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S44, the server sends to the client a list of available resume outline delivery methods, and psycology essay, request selection by the client. After performing step S44, the system proceeds to step S49. At step S45, requested vocabulary assistance is added to english, the resume outline form.
After performing step S45, the essay system proceeds to american dream essay hook, step S35. At step S46, the server sends to the client a request for client ID (user name) and psycology essay, password. After performing step S46, the system proceeds to essay teachers, step S47. At step S47, the psycology server receives and verifies the client ID and english, password. After performing step S47, the system proceeds to psycology essay, step S48.
At step S48, the server stores the search criteria. After performing step S48, the essay hook system proceeds to psycology essay, step S2. At step S49, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S49, the system proceeds to step S50. At step S50, the server sends a complete resume outline to the client.
By complete resume outline, what is dream essay hook, meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is psycology essay, shown in FIG. Essay School! 3, except with contact information suppressed. After performing step S50, the system proceeds to step S51. At step S51, a determination is made as to whether the psycology client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the resume outline that matched the american dream essay hook search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S52; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S52, the server sends to the client a message asking if the employer has an essay existing account, After performing step S52, the system proceeds to step S53. At step S53, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S53, the system proceeds to step S54. At step S54, a determination is teachers day celebration, made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an psycology existing account. If so, the english essay system proceeds to step S55; if not, the system proceeds to step S61. At step S55, the server sends to the client a request for account ID and password.
After performing step S55, the system proceeds to step S56. At step S56, the psycology server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S56, the system proceeds to step S57. At step S57, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and requests selection of one of exam those methods. Psycology Essay! After performing step S57, the college essay writing resources system proceeds to step S58. At step S58, the psycology essay server receives the response from the client. American Dream Hook! After performing step S58, the system proceeds to step S59.
At step S59, the server retrieves the resume image from the database. After performing step S59, the psycology system proceeds to step S60. At step S60, the server delivers the persuasive resume image to the client via the method selected by the employer After performing step S60, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S61, the server sends to psycology essay, the client a request for english essay exam, a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S61, the essay system proceeds to step S62. At step S62, the good for student council server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S62, the system proceeds to step S63. At step S63, a determination is made as to psycology essay, whether the client's billing information can be confirmed by good for student council, a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the psycology system proceeds to step S57; if not, the system proceeds to step S52. At step S64, a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of a time. Dream Essay Hook! If so, the system proceeds to step S65; if not, the system proceeds to psycology essay, step S2. At step S65, any searches that are in progress are suspended, and the connection is terminated with respect to this client. In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features.
It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown and described, since the means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the dream invention into effect. Psycology Essay! The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
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Security Architectures for Next Generation Networks. Scientific Essay, 2014. This paper gives practical guidance on the provision of security measures for proper operation of next generation networks (NGNs) and protection of the essay, users’ proper use of the telecommunications services. It should be observed by all the operators, which operate NGNs (facility based operators) or provide services with the use of (NGN) provided by others (service based operators). In addition to the security measures, the operators should follow the triggering criteria and reporting procedures set out in this document for american dream essay hook reporting security violations. Also in this paper we concern about different security vulnerabilities found in essay, existing system and gives possible solutions to persuasive essay about eliminate them. These vulnerabilities are the psycology essay, possibilities to forge key messages, unauthenticated messages and english essay Man In the Middle attack. We proposed a secure key generation process, random number and function generation process to essay eliminate these vulnerabilities.
Malicious traffic is becoming more prevalent because of readily available and ever more sophisticated attack tools, and motivations are becoming increasingly varied and malicious. The operators should take into account the following security objectives, namely confidentiality, integrity, and availability, when building their network and providing their services are : - Confidentiality refers to the protection of network and user data against dream essay hook, unauthorized access, viewing, diverted or intercepted. - Integrity refers to the protection of network and user data against unauthorized modification, deletion, creation and replication. - Availability refers to psycology the network and service provisioning to plan template minimize downtime due to security attacks by hackers, if any. These objectives provide a foundation upon which a more consistent and psycology structured approach to the design, development, and implementation of network security capabilities can be constructed. The NGN standardization work started in 2003 within ITU-T(International Telecommunication Union), and is worldwide today in various major telecom standardization bodies. The most active NGN relevant standardization bodies are ITU, ETSI, ATIS, CJK and TMF . The Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) initiative is a major body for mobile-specific NGN activities, which are important contributors to the 3GPP specification for NGMN.In 2003, under the name JRG-NGN (Joint Rapporteur Group on NGN), the NGN pioneer work was initiated .
The key study topics are: - the general reference model. - functional requirements and architecture of the NGN. - evolution to NGN. Two fundamental recommendations on NGN are: - Y.2001: ‘General overview of NGN’.
- Y.2011: ‘General principles and general reference model for next-generation networks’. These two documents comprise the basic concept and definition of NGN. The ITU has defined the NGN as: “A packet-based network able to provide telecommunications services and able to make use of multi broadband, QoS enabled transport technologies and in which service related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It offers unfettered access by users to different service providers. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of business plan template services to users” . Figure 1 represent the NGN architectures : Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 1 NGN architectures.
Recognizing that security is one of the defining features of NGN, it is psycology, essential to put in day celebration school, place a set of standards that will guarantee, to the maximum degree possible, the security of the essay, telecommunications infrastructure as PSTNs evolve to plan template NGNs. The aims of essay this paper is to study, understand and enhance the Security architectures for NGN networks, inorder to achieve the following objectives: - Provide for maximal network and end-user resource protection. - Allow for good highly-distributed intelligence end-to-end. - Allow for co-existence of multiple networking technologies.
- Provide for end-to-end security mechanisms. - Provide for security solutions that apply over multiple administrative domains. 4. NGN Security Architecture: The NGN security architecture is described by the following elements: - NGN security domains. - NGN Security services. - NGN Security protocols supporting the security services.
In addition the security architecture endorses Security Gateways and renames them for the NGN application as Security Gateway Function to psycology secure signaling and control communication among network entities. 4.1 Existing Security Architecture: NGN security architecture is currently under study  that aim at protecting the mobile users, the data transferred and the underlying network. This architecture make the WLAN user have to execute multi-pass Authentication and Key Agreement procedure in order to get access to the IMS services. The architecture specifies three authentication steps (see Figure 2). In the first step, the user executes the (Extensible Authentication Protocol) EAP-AKA protocol  to register in WLAN domain. In the second step, the essay about childhood, user executes the Internet Key Exchange version 2 (IKEv2) protocol  that encapsulates EAP-AKA, which registers him to psycology the 3G public land mobile network (PLMN) domain.
In the third step, the user using the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)   executes the IMS-AKA procedure  for college essay writing registration in the IMS domain. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 2 Multi-pass Authentication and Key Agreement procedure for IMS service. Source: references  As we can see the EAP-AKA has been repeated and essay an execution of IMS AKA introduce an authentication overhead . This overhead is related to: - The exchange of messages that cause delays in users' authentication (i.e., especially in cases that the users are located away from their home network) and consumes radio resources and. - The computational processing that will consume the limited energy and computational resources at the mobile devices.
Therefore, the aforementioned multi-pass AKA procedure deteriorates the overall system performance and american dream hook may impact negatively on psycology, the quality of service offered to the end-users. 4.2 Security Threadof Existing System: The main drawback of this authentication procedure is college essay writing, that it is vulnerable to essay Denial of Service attacks Man-In-The-Middle attack. An adversary could simply send false authentication messages that the WLAN has to forward to the 3G PLMN causing overflow . To remove this vulnerability requires a secure authentication process between user and PDG (Hashed based or etc) . 4.3 Security Threats Against NGN Networks: The architecture identifies security issues that need to be addressed inorder to plan template prevent both intentional and accidental threats. Destruction – an attack on availability refers to the destruction ofinformation and/or network resources (Figure 3). Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 3 Destruction Threat.
Corruption – an attack on integrity refers to unauthorizedtampering with an asset (Figure 4) Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 4 Corruption Threat. Removal – an attack on availability refers to theft, removal orloss of information and/or other resources (Figure 5) Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Disclosure – an attack on confidentiality refers to unauthorizedaccess to an asset (Figure6) Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 6 Disclosure Threat.
Interruption – an attack on availability refers to network becomesunavailable or unusable (Figure 7) Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Figure 7 Interruption Threat. 4.4 Security Dimensions for Protection of NGN networks: The security dimensions shown below outline the security protections that can be deployed to psycology counter security threats/attacks. 1. Access Control – It protects against unauthorized use of excel network resources. Access control ensures that only essay authorized personnel or devices are allowed access to network elements, stored information, information flows, services and applications. 2. Authentication – It serves to confirm the essay about childhood obesity, identities of communicating entities. Essay. Authentication ensures the validity of the claimed identities of the entities participating in communication (e.g., person, device, service or application). 3. Good Essays. Non-repudiation – It provides means for preventing an individual or entity from denying having performed a particular action related to data by making available proof of various network-related actions. 4. Data Confidentiality – It protects data from unauthorized disclosure .Data confidentiality ensures that the data content cannot be understood by unauthorized entities.
5. Essay. Communication Security – It ensures that information flows only teachers between the authorized end points. The information is essay, not diverted or intercepted as it flows between these end points. 6. Dream Essay Hook. Data Integrity – It ensures the correctness or accuracy of data. The data is protected against unauthorized modification, deletion, creation, and replication and psycology essay provides an indication of day celebration these unauthorized activities. 7. Availability – It ensures that there is no denial of authorized access to network elements, stored information, information flows, services and applications due to events impacting the psycology, network.
8. Good Essays For Student. Privacy – It provides for psycology the protection of information that might be derived from the observation of network activities. NGN security architecture is in day celebration, the environment of psycology essay network convergence, requirements on exam, openness increase network scales, complexity and potential security problems . Users are encouraged to follow the best practices below when accessing the psycology essay, public telecommunications services: - keep security patches and network interface card drivers installed on the device up-to-date. - backup all personal data on a regular basis. - make a boot disk to aid in recovering from a security breach or hard disk failure; - install and enable personal firewall, anti-virus and anti-spyware software and day celebration keep the associated definition files and psycology security patches up-to-date.
- perform virus scan on removable disk and the files downloaded from Internet before using them. - encrypt those sensitive data stored on the device accessing public telecommunications services. - pack information or information backup in business plan, separate bag from psycology laptop in case of theft if travelling with confidential information. - turn off the computer/notebook or disconnect from the network when not in use; - set Internet connection default to ‘manual’ mode instead of ‘automatic’ mode; - employ VPN technologies for enhanced end-to-end transmission protection. - use a password that is difficult to guess but easy to remember and change the persuasive essay about, password frequently. - use different sets of login names and passwords for different services.
- do not store any personal or sensitive information on psycology, a computer that is plan excel template, shared with others. - do not cache the login name and password; and. - do not download or accept programs and contents from unknown oruntrusted sources. Focused on architectures of NGN service provision, this paper discussed existing vulnerabilities. We investigated various vulnerabilities in NGN network and give possible details to eliminate them. Integrated, collaborative, and adaptive security in the evolving IP NGN architecture is built into the fabric of the service provider’s network infrastructure and integrated with other network elements.
Integration means that every element in the network incorporates security technologies and acts as a point of psycology essay defense. The IP NGN involves creation of an intelligent infrastructure from which application-aware services are securely delivered by childhood, service-aware networks. Psycology. This intelligence directly benefits efforts to proactively secure networks against existing and ever-changing threats while offering service providers a major competitive advantage. The recommendations is for user to follow the best practices steps mention in results and discussion when accessing the public telecommunications services.  ITU Centres of Excellence for Europe. “Next Generation Networks - NGN”. Plan Excel Template. Available: http://www.hit.bme.hu/  Office of the Telecommunications Authority paper. “Security Guidelines forNext Generation Networks”.
Available: http://tel_archives.ofca.gov.hk/zh/report-paper-guide/guidance-notes/guidelines-NGNs.pdf.  Dr. Idir FODIL. “NGN Architectures and its Management”. Available: http://www.networks2008.org/data/upload/file/Tutorial/T11_Fodil.pdf.  A.K.M.
Nazmus Sakib, Fauzia Yasmeen, Samiur Rahman, Md.Monjurul Islam, Prof. Psycology. Dr. Md. Matiur Rahaman Mian. “ Security Thread Analysis Solution for NGN (Next Generation Network)” . School. Available: http://www.ijera.com/papers/Vol%201%20issue%204/AB01414491452.pdf.  Office of the Telecommunications Authority. “Security Guidelines for Next Generation Networks” . Essay. Available: http://tel_archives.ofca.gov.hk/zh/report-paper-guide/guidance-notes/guidelines-NGNs.pdf.  CISCO white paper. Childhood Obesity. “IP Next-Generation Network Security for Service Providers”. Available: http://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/secure-infrastructure/net_implementation_white_paper0900aecd803fcbbe.pdf. Diploma Thesis, 85Pages. Project Report, 58Pages. Scientific Essay, 51Pages. Diploma Thesis, 107Pages.
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- Publication as eBook and book - High royalties for essay the sales - Completely free - with ISBN - It only persuasive about childhood takes five minutes! - Every paper finds readers. Diploma Thesis, 85Pages. Project Report, 58Pages. Scientific Essay, 51Pages. Diploma Thesis, 107Pages. Term Paper (Advanced seminar), 20Pages. Diploma Thesis, 111Pages. Diploma Thesis, 257Pages.
Diploma Thesis, 103Pages. Term Paper (Advanced seminar), 31Pages. GRIN Publishing, located in essay, Munich, Germany, has specialized since its foundation in teachers day celebration, 1998 in the publication of academic ebooks and books. The publishing website GRIN.com offer students, graduates and psycology essay university professors the ideal platform for the presentation of scientific papers, such as research projects, theses, dissertations, and academic essays to a wide audience. Free Publication of essay your term paper, essay, interpretation, bachelor's thesis, master's thesis, dissertation or textbook - upload now!
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Psychology: Essay on Psychology | College Essays
English Grammar: How to Use Adverbs. Psycology. Good grammar and writing go hand in hand and cannot exist without one another. To improve your grammar you need to english essay exam practice writing as much as possible, because only by applying your knowledge you will be able to learn and memorize anything. And it its turn, quality writing is impossible without good grammar. Whether you are a high school or college student, there must be a lot of situations when you have to express yourself on writing. It can be a term paper, a thesis, a research paper or a simple essay. If your paper lacks proper grammar you can forget about receiving a good grade. Psycology. In case you are not yet so confident with English grammar, you can use first class editing services from Get Essay Editor. Our professional editors will eliminate all grammatical errors, correct spelling, punctuation and style of your paper for hook, a very moderate price. At a first glance, adverbs seem as very simple elements of essay grammar.
In most of the cases you just need to add ly to the end of an adjective and you have your adverb ready. English. While it is very easy to form an adverb, it is not so easy to find a perfect place for psycology, an adverb in a sentence. This is where most of the students make mistakes. There are three positions that adverbs can take and we are going to persuasive childhood discuss it further. Adverbs are words that indicate where, when and how something happens. Essay. They are also used to modify adjectives, past participles, adverbial phrases and other adverbs. There are many different types of adverbs that perform various functions, such as adverbs of place, time, certainty, manner and connecting adverbs. Different types of adverbs depending on school their purpose and function can take different positions in a clause. An adverb can take a front, middle and end position. Essay. However, there is american dream essay one rule that generally applies to all types of adverbs: do not place an adverb between a verb and its object . Rather place either before the verb and object or after them.
For example: I never drink coffee. ( I drink never coffee. ) He draws portraits well. ( He draws well portraits. ) Adverbs of the Front Position. There are particular kinds of adverbs that usually take front position in a clause, such as connecting, comment, frequency, certainty adverbs and psycology essay some adverbs of place and essay about childhood obesity time. Let#8217;s look at psycology essay them more closely. Connecting adverbs are used to join one clause to what preceded it. The list includes such words as: then, next, anyway, however, suddenly , etc. For example: Comment adverbs are those that express the school speaker#8217;s opinion of some action or event are usually placed in the front.
For example: Adverbs of indefinite frequency such as usually, normally, sometimes and others also take a front position. For example: Adverbs of certainty like perhaps, maybe, etc. For example: Maybe your parents were not at home when you called. Adverbs of place and time are put in the front position if they are not the main focus of the sentence. For example: Adverbs of the End Position. Many of adverbs take the end position in a clause. They include adverbs of psycology manner, place and childhood obesity time. Moreover, if a clause contains all of the above types of adverbs at psycology essay the same time, then they are placed in according order: manner, place and time. Business Template. Some of adverbs of indefinite frequency in some cases also take the end position. Psycology. Adverbs of manner describe how a particular event or thing happens, occurs or is day celebration school done.
In most of the cases they are formed from adjectives: angrily, happily, beautifully, softly , etc. For example: The nanny spoke to essay the kids softly . Adverbs of essay about place are as a rule placed at psycology essay the end of a clause, except of the teachers day celebration school case described before. Psycology Essay. For example: Adverbs of time and dream essay hook definite frequency have their place at the end of a clause, except for the situation when they are not the main focus of the sentence, as was described before. For example: Have you tasted Chinese cuisine before ? Adverbs of indefinite frequency are mostly placed in the mid-position, but sometimes they can take the end position, when they are used for emphasis and are the main focus of the message. For example: She gets very angry at me sometimes . Adverbs of the Mid-Position. Adverbs of certainty, completeness and indefinite frequency are often paced in the mid-position in a clause. Essay. Other adverbs that sometimes can be put in the mid-position include: some adverbs of manner, comment and focusing adverbs.
To place adverbs correctly it is necessary to understand what exactly the mid-position is and where it is. It is worth to remember that an about obesity adverb can never be put between a verb and its object. When an adverb is placed in the middle of a clause then it can be: Before one-part verbs. E.g.: I always exercise in the morning . After an essay auxiliary verbs. E.g.: We have never separated for so long . After am/are/is/was/were. E.g.: They were definitely late. Dream. Adverbs of indefinite frequency very often find themselves in the middle of a clause. For example: He has occasionally drunk a little bit of beer. Adverbs of certainty such as clearly, obviously, definitely , and others are placed in the mid-position.
For example: He definitely liked your new dress. She was clearly satisfied with the present. Psycology Essay. Adverbs of completeness include such words as: completely, almost, rather, hardly, quite , etc. For example: The muffins were almost done when the american essay guests arrived. Comment adverbs are those that express the speaker#8217;s opinion on psycology essay a certain matter. As a rule they go in the front position, but sometimes can be placed in the middle as well.
For example: He has stupidly forgotten her name. Focusing adverbs guide the attention to certain part of a clause. They include such words as: just, only, mainly, even, neither #8230; nor, etc. For example: Your car just needs a little bit of fresh paint. The dishes at the table were mainly vegetarian. Adverbs of manner most often take the end position in american a clause, but in psycology some cases, when the adverb is not the main focus, they can be placed in college writing the middle of a clause. For example: He angrily crumbled up the letter from her. They have suddenly discovered some old box in the attic. From the above information you probably came to a conclusion that adverbs are easy to psycology essay form, but not so easy to use. Excel Template. It can be confusing where to place an adverb. And when you look for psycology, a proper place for an adverb consider such factors as: the type of an adverb, its purpose and the focus of the sentence.
In composition of good council your essays or other academic papers you can fully rely on our editors. They will make sure all your adverbs are at their right places. You can place an psycology order at any convenient time for you and essays council your editing will be done promptly. Moreover, if you need some writing topics ideas, you can discover some by reading our free samples of essays.
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Psychology: Essay on Psychology | College Essays
E-governance in India: Concept, Initiatives and Issues. by INSIGHTS · Published November 23, 2014 · Updated November 24, 2014. The “e” in e-Governance stands for ‘electronic’. Thus, e-Governance is basically associated with carrying out the functions and achieving the results of governance through the utilization of I C T (Information and Communications Technology). While Governance relates to safeguarding the legal rights of all citizens, an equally important aspect is concerned with ensuring equitable access to public services and the benefits of economic growth to all. It also ensures government to be transparent in its dealings, accountable for its activities and faster in psycology essay, its responses as part of good governance. However, this would require the government to change itself – its processes, its outlook, laws, rules and regulations and also its way of interacting with the for student council citizens. It would also require capacity building within the psycology essay government and creation of general awareness about e-Governance among the citizens. In India, the main thrust for e-Governance was provided by the launching of NICNET in 1987 – the college essay writing national satellite-based computer network. This was followed by essay, the launch of the essay childhood District Information System of the National Informatics Centre (DISNIC) programme to computerize all district offices in the country for which free hardware and software was offered to the State Governments.
NICNET was extended via the State capitals to psycology essay, all district headquarters by 1990. Day Celebration. In the ensuing years, with ongoing computerization, tele-connectivity and internet connectivity established a large number of e-Governance initiatives, both at the Union and State levels. Types of Government Interaction in essay, e-governance. Some Initiatives in the same field. Government to Citizen (G2C) Initiatives: With the rapid growth in the demand as well as supply of professional education, the process of admission to these institutions became a major challenge in the early 1990s. Recourse was then taken to college essay resources, I C T to make the process of admission transparent and essay objective.
One of the pioneering efforts was made by college essay writing resources, Karnataka. Psycology. The State Government decided to conduct a common entrance test based on which admission to different colleges and disciplines was made. Government to Business (G2B) Initiatives: To reduce the time and cost of doing business for both vendors and government. National E-governance Plan. The National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) has been formulated by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DEITY) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) in 2006.
The NeGP aims at improving delivery of Government services to citizens and businesses with the following vision: “Make all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and american ensure efficiency, transparency reliability of essay, such services at affordable costs to plan template, realise the basic needs of the common man.” Central government initiatives as mission mode projects (MMP) The Government of India has recognized the need to modernize the Central Government offices through the introduction of Information and Communications Technology. e-Office is aimed at increasing the usage of psycology, work flow and rule based file routing, quick search and retrieval of files and persuasive essay office orders, digital signatures for psycology, authentication, forms and persuasive essay reporting components. Immigration, Visa and Foreigner’s Registration Tracking (IVFRT) India has emerged as a key tourist destination, besides being a major business and service hub. Immigration Check Post is the first point of psycology, contact that generates public and popular perception about the country, thus necessitating a state of the art system for prompt and user-friendly services. The unique identification project was conceived as an initiative that would provide identification for each resident across the country and would be used primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services. It would also act as a tool for effective monitoring of various programs and schemes of the government. The pensions MMP is primarily aimed at making the pension/ retirement related information, services and grievances handling mechanism accessible online to college essay writing, the needy pensioners, through a combination of interactive and non-interactive components, and thus, help bridge the gap between the pensioners and the government.
The Banking MMP is yet another step towards improving operational efficiency and essay reducing the delays and essay about efforts involved in handling and settling transactions. The MMP which is being implemented by the banking industry aims at streamlining various e-services initiatives undertaken by individual banks. Implementation is being done by the banks concerned, with the psycology essay banking Department providing a broad framework and guidance. Modernization of Postal Services has been undertaken by the Department of Posts through computerization and networking of all post offices using a central server-based system, and good for student setting up of computerized registration centers (CRCs). e-Governance in Municipalities. It is a unique initiative of the Government of India conceptualized under the umbrella of the overall National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) and the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (Jnnurm) aimed at improving operational efficiencies within Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems.
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems (CCTNS) MMP aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for psycology, enhancing the efficiency and effective policing at all levels and essays especially at the Police Station level through adoption of principles of e-Governance, and creation of psycology, a nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system. Computerization of the american PDS is envisaged as an end-to-end project covering key functional areas such as supply chain management including allocation and psycology essay utilization reporting, storage and movement of food grains, grievance redressal and transparency portal, digitization of beneficiary database, Fair Price Shop automation, etc. ICT for programme management has been undertaken by the Ministry of Health Family Welfare in college essay, the Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) programme and the Ministry envisages a more comprehensive use of ICT including for Hospital Information Systems, supply chain management for drugs and vaccines, providing ICT tools to ASHA and ANM workers, programme management of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), etc through this MMP. The Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) are saddled with the problems of psycology essay, inadequate physical and council financial resources, technical capabilities and extremely limited computerization. As a result, the potential of PRIs as the preferred delivery channel for the schemes of State and essay Centre as well as for citizen services has not been fully realized. While some computerization efforts for PRIs have been made by NIC over hook, the years, the e-Governance revolution sweeping the country has not touched the psycology essay PRIs yet in significant measure. The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India has therefore decided to take up the computerization of teachers, PRIs on a mission mode basis. e-District is one of the 31 Mission Mode Projects under National e Governance Plan (NeGP) with the DIT, GoI being the nodal ministry. Essay. This project aims at providing support to the basic administrative unit i.e.
District Administration by undertaking backend computerization to enable electronic delivery of high volume citizen centric government services which would optimally leverage and utilize the three infrastructure pillars of childhood obesity, State Wide Area Networks (SWAN), State Data Centers (SDC) and Common Service Centers (CSCs) to psycology essay, deliver services to the citizen at his doorsteps. National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) A Project for Computerization of Land Records (CLR) was launched in 1988-89 with the intention to teachers school, remove the inherent flaws in the manual system of essay, maintenance and updation of Land Records. Childhood. In 1997-98, the scheme was extended to psycology essay, tehsils to start distribution of writing resources, Records of Rights to psycology, landowners on demand. The focus of the entire operation has always been to employ state of the art information technology (IT) to galvanize and transform the existing land records system of the country. Ministry of Commerce Industry (Department of Commerce) has been nominated as the essays for student Nodal Ministry for implementation of e-Government Procurement (e-GP) Mission Mode Projects (MMP). The vision of the e-Procurement MMP is “To create a national initiative to implement procurement reforms, through the psycology essay use of electronic Government procurement, so as to make public procurement in all sectors more transparent and essay childhood efficient”. The e-Court Mission Mode Project (MMP) was conceptualized with a vision to transform the Indian judiciary by making use of technology. The project had been developed, following the report submitted by the e-Committee under Supreme Court on national policy action plan on implementation of information communication tools in Indian judiciary. A clear objective – to re-engineer processes and enhance judicial productivity both qualitatively and quantitatively to make the justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective, transparent and psycology essay accountable. The e-Biz Mission Mode Project, being executed by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, was conceptualized with the vision.
Its vision is “To transform the teachers school business environment in the country by psycology, providing efficient, convenient, transparent and integrated electronic services to investors, industries and business throughout the business life cycle”. The CSCs would provide high quality and cost-effective video, voice and data content and services, in the areas of e-governance, education, health, telemedicine, entertainment as well as other private services. A highlight of the CSCs is that it will offer web-enabled e-governance services in rural areas, including application forms, certificates, and utility payments such as electricity, telephone and water bills. To facilitate disbursements of Government entitlements like NREGA, Social Security pension, Handicapped Old Age Pension etc. of any Central or State Government bodies, using Aadhaar and authentication thereof as supported by UIDAI. AEPS is a bank led model which allows online interoperable financial inclusion transaction through the Business correspondent of any bank using the Aadhaar authentication. This has helped in financial inclusion. The four Aadhaar enabled basic types of banking transactions are as follows:- This programme has been envisaged by Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).
The vision of Digital India aims to transform the country into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. American Dream Essay. The programme will be implemented in phases from the essay current year till 2018. The Digital India is english essay transformational in nature and psycology essay would ensure that Government services are available to citizens electronically. It would also bring in public accountability through mandated delivery of government’s services electronically, a Unique ID and e-Pramaan based on authentic and standard based interoperable and integrated government applications and data basis. The program aims at providing digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen as well as high-speed internet as a core utility in all gram panchayats. The overall scope of this program is “to prepare India for a knowledge future”, “to make technology central to enabling change” and essay about “to become an umbrella program covering many departments” Prime Minister launched an online platform mygov.nic.in to engage citizens in the task of “good governance” ( surajya ) as he completed 60 days in office on Saturday. MyGov is a technology-driven platform that would provide people with the opportunity to contribute towards good governance.
This is project for linking the internet with remote villages in the country. This scheme will broaden the reach of internet services to psycology, the rural areas in english, the country. The fundamental features of this scheme will be making the records handy to the government with ease. Psycology. It also includes Expansion of internet and commencement of IT-based jobs in rural areas. Business Template. It will also boost the psycology essay use of american, mobile phones and computers in rural areas. It will also expand the use of IT in agriculture and retail trade too. Certificates issued by the government — education, residential, medical records, birth certificates, etc. — are to be stored in individual ‘digital lockers’ and a communication protocol established for government departments to access them without physically having to see the psycology essay hard copy. The purpose of government is that copies of certificates issued by the government itself not to teachers school, be carried around by people to essay, government offices for various services. M-Governance is not a replacement for e-Governance, rather it complements e- Governance. M-Governance, is the teachers day celebration school use of mobile or wireless to improve Governance service and information “anytime, anywhere”. Mobile applications also rely on good back office ICT infrastructure and work processes.
It has potential of psycology, using mobile phones as input devices in certain areas where last mile connectivity becomes issues for simple data inputs of critical importance for decision making in government departments. M-Governance is not a new concept. The private sector has been greatly leveraging these of mobile phones for delivery of value added services for the following which however are mostly SMS based: Banking, Media, Airlines, Telecom, Entertainment, News, Sports, Astrology, and Movie Tickets Etc. M-governance has increased the productivity of public service personnel, improving the delivery of government information and english exam services, increasing channels for public interactions and Lower costs leading to higher participation of people. Recent thrust to m-governance is being provided through USSD Services Unstructured Supplementary Services Data (USSD) is essay a session based service unlike sms which is plan excel store and forward service.
It can be used by the user to send command to psycology, an application in text format. USSD acts as a trigger for the application. Government initiatives for m-governance. It aims to plan, provide government services to the people through mobile phones and tablets. It has been developed as the psycology essay core infrastructure for enabling the availability of public services through mobile devices. Mobile Seva enables the integration of the mobile platform with the english essay exam common e-Governance infrastructure consisting of State Data Centers (SDCs), State Wide Area Networks (SWANs), State and National Service Delivery Gateways (SSDGs/NSDG). It enables a government department to integrate both web and mobile based services seamlessly and enhances the access to electronic services tremendously leveraging the essay very high penetration of mobile phones, especially in rural areas. A Mobile Applications Store (m-App Store) has also been developed by DeitY as part of childhood obesity, Mobile Seva. The Mobile Governance Portal and the m-App Store can be accessed at http://mgov.gov.in/.
The m-Appstore currently hosts over psycology, 240 live mobile applications. The live applications can be downloaded and installed free of cost on a mobile phone by any person. The project, “mobile seva” has won the second prize at the prestigious United Nations’ Public Services Awards in the category “Promoting Whole of Government Approaches in the Information Age” for Asia Pacific. A few years ago, Kerala launched ‘Dr. SMS,’ an m-health information system, for providing information on medical facilities available in the locality of the resident.
Advantages of e-governance. Following are the advantages of E-Governance. Speed: Technology makes communication speedier. Internet, Phones, Cell Phones have reduced the time taken in normal communication. Cost Reduction: Most of the Government expenditure is essay exam appropriated towards the cost of stationary. Paper-based communication needs lots of stationary, printers, computers, etc. which calls for continuous heavy expenditure. Internet and Phones makes communication cheaper saving valuable money for psycology essay, the Government. Transparency: Use of ICT makes governing profess transparent. Essay About Childhood. All the information of the psycology essay Government would be made available on the internet. The citizens can see the information whenever they want to see. Teachers Day Celebration. But this is only possible when every piece of information of the Government is uploaded on the internet and psycology is available for the public to peruse.
Current governing process leaves many ways to resources, conceal the psycology information from all the people. ICT helps make the information available online eliminating all the possibilities of concealing of information. Accountability: Once the governing process is business plan template made transparent the Government is automatically made accountable. Accountability is answerability of the Government to the people. It is the answerability for the deeds of the Government. An accountable Government is a responsible Government.
Convenience: E-Government brings public services to psycology, citizens on their schedule and their venue. Improved Customer Service : E-Government allows to redeploy resources from american dream essay hook back-end processing to psycology essay, the front line of customer service. Increased access to information : E-Government improves the dream essay hook accessibility of government information to citizens allowing it become an psycology, important resource in the making the decisions that affect daily life and so it helps in empowerment of citizens. Disadvantages of e-governance. Electronic governments also consist on certain disadvantage. The main disadvantage of an electronic government is to move the government services into an electronic based system. This system loses the person to person interaction which is valued by a lot of people. In addition, the implementation of an e-government service is that, with many technology based services, it is often easy to make the essay exam excuse (e.g. the essay server has gone down) that problems with the service provided are because of the technology. The implementation of an e government does have certain constraints. American Dream. Literacy of the users and essay the ability to use the computer, users who do not know how to read and write would need assistance.
An example would be the senior citizens. In general, senior citizens do not have much computer education and they would have to approach a customer service officer for assistance. And also in case of essay, rural people, it gives scope for middle man, who distort the information. Studies have shown that there is potential for a reduction in the usability of government online due to factors such as the access to Internet technology and usability of services and the ability to access to computers. Even though the level of confidence in the security offered by government web sites are high, the public are still concerned over security, fear of spam from providing email addresses, and government retention of transaction or interaction history. There has been growing concern about the privacy of data being collected as part of UID project.
The security of cyber space and misuse of data is still holding back the citizens to essay, full adaptation of college essay, Aadhar card. Challenges in e-governance. There are large numbers of potential barriers in the implementation of e-Governance. Some hindrance in the path of implementation, like security, unequal access to the computer technology by the citizen, high initial cost for setting up the e government solutions and resistance to psycology, change. Challenges identified as trust, resistance to change, digital divide, cost and privacy and security concerns. Trust can be defined along two dimensions: as an assessment of a current situation, or as an innate personality traitor predisposition. The implementation of teachers day celebration school, public administration functions via e-government requires the presence of two levels of trust. The first is that the user must be confident, comfortable and trusting of the essay tool or technology with which they will interact. The second dimension of trust pertains to trust of the government]. There has to be a balance between ensuring that a system prevents fraudulent transactions and the burden that extensive checks can take place on teachers school people who are honest. Recently, confidential information on military veterans was compromised when a computer containing their personal information was lost.
This type of incident can erode trust and user confidence in government systems. Trust, along with financial security, are two critical factors limiting the adoption of e-government services. The innovation diffusion theory states that over time an innovation will diffuse through a population, and psycology the rate of essays, adoption will vary between those who adopt early, referred to as early adopters and to those who adopt the innovation much later, referred to psycology, as ?laggards. The resistant to change phenomenon can explain much of the hesitation that occurs on the part of constituents in moving from a paper based to a Web-based system for interacting with government. Citizens, employees and businesses can all have their biases with respect to how transactions should be processed. However, government entities and public policy administrators cannot ignore the changes that occur as a result of the implementation of information and communication technology (ICT.
Education about the value of the new systems is one step toward reducing some of the existing resistance. It can also be particularly useful for a leader or manager, to buy into the new system at an early stage in the adoption process. The digital divide refers to the separation that exists between individuals, communities, and essay businesses that have access to information technology and those that do not have such access. Social, economic, infrastructural and ethno-linguistic indicators provide explanations for the presence of the digital divide. Economic poverty is closely related to limited information technology resources. An individual living below poverty line does not afford a computer for himself to harness the benefits of e-government and other online services. Psycology Essay. As the digital divide narrows, broader adoption of e-government in the public domain becomes possible. Economic poverty is not the only cause of digital divide. It can also be caused by the lack of awareness among the people. Even some of the economic stable people don’t know about the scope of e -governance.
Awareness can only help to bring users to that service delivery channel once. It cannot guarantee sustained use of the system unless the system is persuasive childhood also designed in such a way as to psycology essay, deliver satisfactory outcome. Procedures need to be simplified to deliver concrete benefits and clear guidelines provided to encourage their use by the actual end users and good essays for student council reduce user’s dependence on middlemen/intermediaries. Cost is one of the psycology most important prohibiting factor that comes in persuasive about, the path of e-governance implementation particularly in the developing countries like India where most of the people living below the poverty line. Elected officers and politician don’t seem to be interested in implementing e-governance. Privacy and Security. There will be three basic levels of essay, access exists for council, e-government stakeholders: no access to a Web service; limited access to a Web-service or full-access to a Web service, however when personal sensitive data exists the formation of the security access policy is a much more complex process with legal consideration. Essay. With the implementation of e-government projects, effective measures must be taken to protect sensitive personal information. A lack of clear security standards and essay about childhood protocols can limit the psycology essay development of projects that contain sensitive information such as income, medical history. We have seen how the concept of e-governance and m-governance has evolved in Indian scenario and how much it is required for transparency and accountability on the part of government and at the same time it is also a toll to increase the participation of people in policy making by empowering them with the right information at right time. The penetration of internet, telecommunication services in India has increased in the last decade and this gives a ray of hope to the citizens of India to fight with the long persisting problems of poverty, corruption, regional disparity and unemployment.
But at the same time, due to council, slow pace of project completion, red-tape and psycology resistance from the side of government employees and citizens too has not given the desired result. Great article for revising quickly. Sea of knowledge. What a great compilation of all the facts and points. Kudos to InsightsOnIndia.
Excellent!! Indebted to the author. God bless. Nice composition…But i found 1 line to be very funny in essay, ur article… In general, senior citizens do not have much education… Its about their Computer knowledge …. whats funny in that ? That is true …just look around yourself in the society ! Vry comprehensive article. …awesome.
Not very effective coverage. Missed vital point and philosophy of e-governance – SMART governance, S – Simple, M- Moral, A- Accountable, R- Responsive, T – Time bound governance. Coverage of schemes undergoing is OK, however please refer to 2nd ARC 11th report also. it would be very nice of you, if you add whatever has been missed…if you think it is important. May be your points will make this article richer !!
Thanks in advance. look at this suerhero or a big zero. do one thing exam mei apne ek point ko likh aana samjhee. But her point about essay 2nd arc -11 report is valid. You are writing upsc and they need official view or mention at least. However SMART governance concept is different from e-governance. It is english essay said that e- governance should be smart as well, but SMART concepts holds true for other forms of psycology, governance as well. Plz do not turn this forum into essays for student council, a ugly social media spot…what kind of person are u? such a scant regard for mannerism as evident in ur. comment reflects ur personality only,preparation of this exam is psycology essay more than material success in life or in CSE,it is persuasive essay about vision,wisdom,empathy and.
humility…i am not lecturing u but surely u need to psycology, mend ur ways specially how to behave with ladies. The notes are mainly from 2nd ARC.. Today only good council, read your articles for the first time,am following mrunal.org. From my point of view,he is best at current events and clear cut topics. You are good at psycology essay these kind of criticle topics which even Hindu Frontline…no one can explain like you.Now your articles have find a new place in my Evernot notebook collections. Thanks a lot. well done, insights team ! Q: governance in ‘e’ and ‘e’ in governance both this statement are contractionally or similar.ellustrate. plzzz guys do comment. Can you please get rid of the images in the print page, paper consumption will be far lesser in that case. awesome.start up india and stand up india topic par bhi kuch aisa gyan chahiye..
ICT helps make the information available online eliminating all the possibilities of concealing of writing resources, information and there are many such organizations like ACSG Corp. ( Homeland Security, E-Governance ICT solution firm) working on e-governance for our developing nation and that’s how we took a step forward towards good governance.
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[Clojure] [ANN] Javelin, spreadsheet-like FRP for ClojureScript. We recently released a ClojureScript library for psycology FRP called Javelin. Links. * Demos (more on the way): http://tailrecursion.com/ with concrete values instead of abstract event streams a la FRP. It. supports discrete propagation, which most FRP implementations provide as. the event stream, via the ability to essays council, toggle cells between.
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To post to this group, send email to email@example.com. Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from college essay writing resources, it, send an psycology essay email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We recently released a ClojureScript library for FRP called Javelin. Essay Writing Resources? Links of psycology essay, interest: * Demos (more on the way): http://tailrecursion.com/
You received this message because you are subscribed to essay, the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to email@example.com. Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at.
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You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We recently released a ClojureScript library for FRP . Surprised this hasn't gotten more attention. Well done. Looking forward to good, using this on future projects. is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with. fibres. The fibres are usually glass, carbon, basalt or aramid, although other fibres such as paper or wood or asbestos have. been sometimes used. Psycology Essay? The polymer is essay about obesity usually an psycology essay epoxy, vinylester.
or polyester thermosetting plastic, and essay teachers school, phenol formaldehyde. resins are still in use. Essay? FRPs are commonly used in the aerospace, automotive, marine, and construction industries. my design plans for upcoming projects. Seriously, folks, please. add a (brief) explanation of essay about obesity, TLAs and such in your announcements. You received this message because you are subscribed to essay, the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to email@example.com.
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We recently released a ClojureScript library for plan excel FRP . Surprised this hasn't gotten more attention. Well done. Looking forward to using this on future projects. Indeed. I'm a big fan of FRP: is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with. fibres. The fibres are usually glass, carbon, basalt or aramid, although other fibres such as paper or wood or asbestos have. been sometimes used.
The polymer is usually an psycology epoxy, vinylester. or polyester thermosetting plastic, and phenol formaldehyde. resins are still in use. Excel? FRPs are commonly used in the aerospace, automotive, marine, and construction industries.
my design plans for psycology upcoming projects. Good Essays Council? Seriously, folks, please. add a (brief) explanation of TLAs and such in your announcements. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to psycology essay, this group, send email to email@example.com (mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org ) Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. clojure+ email@example.com (mailto:clojure+ firstname.lastname@example.org ) For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from about childhood, this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to psycology essay, clojure+ email@example.com (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org).
You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to email@example.com. Note that posts from essay writing resources, new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at.
supports discrete propagation, which most FRP implementations provide as. the event stream, via the ability to toggle cells between. discrete/continuous propagation modes. Cell mutation semantics are those. of ClojureScript atoms. capable of parallel propagation and hope to release it soon. Among other. things, our hope is to plan excel, use it to process Prismatic graph  -compatible. workflows reactively.
If you are using graph or flow  and are. interested in reactive processing, and wouldn't mind helping us with. performance testing, drop me a line. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group.
To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to essay, the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from persuasive essay obesity, this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to email@example.com. out on video. In the meantime, I don't think javelin qualifies as.
functional reactive. Psycology Essay? It is just reactive. State like this: place-oriented computing vs. the value-oriented computing that FP is aiming. data structure that consumers read. This is american dream essay important for concurrency, so.
that each producing/consuming task can run in psycology separate thread and be. scheduled at will, decoupled from any other task. This is a Hard Problem. (tm). Infinite sequences are a popular data structure for decoupling. consumers from producers, but naive implementations lead to uncontrolled. resource usage esp. when it gets more complicated with higher order. goals but not yet the right implementation if I understand correctly. E.g. reactive space is populated by essay about, naive implementations that don't scale and. fail at concurrency on psycology essay the one side, and academic Haskell-types that.
conjure up unimplementable pie-in-the-sky schemes on the other side. The. hope is english exam that Clojure folks are ambitious enough to produce something that. scales in complexity and performance while having plenty real-world. scenarios to test their schemes against at their disposal. We recently released a ClojureScript library for essay FRP called Javelin.
Links of persuasive essay about obesity, interest: * Demos (more on the way): http://tailrecursion.com/ with concrete values instead of psycology, abstract event streams a la FRP. It. supports discrete propagation, which most FRP implementations provide as.
the event stream, via the ability to college writing resources, toggle cells between. discrete/continuous propagation modes. Psycology? Cell mutation semantics are those. of ClojureScript atoms. capable of exam, parallel propagation and hope to release it soon.
Among other. things, our hope is to use it to essay, process Prismatic graph  -compatible. workflows reactively. If you are using graph or flow  and are. interested in reactive processing, and essay teachers day celebration, wouldn't mind helping us with. performance testing, drop me a line. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google.
Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Note that posts from essay, new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at.
You received this message because you are subscribed to writing resources, the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from psycology essay, it, send an email to email@example.com. as I understand them, below. English Essay Exam? Thanks in advance for essay interpreting my. suppositions and word choices liberally, as the words and ideas in this. area of computing are notoriously overloaded. It is childhood obesity just reactive. State like this:
place-oriented computing vs. the value-oriented computing that FP is aiming. Javelin's evaluation environment. Psycology Essay? Even so, if one admits Clojure + refs as. FP, I think there remains an argument to good council, sell the Javelin model as. immutable data structure that consumers read. This is important for. concurrency, so that each producing/consuming task can run in separate. thread and be scheduled at will, decoupled from any other task. This is a.
Hard Problem (tm). Infinite sequences are a popular data structure for. decoupling consumers from psycology, producers, but naive implementations lead to. uncontrolled resource usage esp. when it gets more complicated with higher. the Javelin model might empower the underlying propagation machinery to. leverage concurrency in day celebration a JVM implementation.
goals but not yet the right implementation if I understand correctly. E.g. see this discussion: primitive not unlike Go's switch statement, and psycology, EventStream objects can be. thought of as a kind of dream, coroutine. I don't think Elm is tackling this, as. browser JSVMs aren't generally multi-threaded, but maybe other FRP impls.
are. Essay? Re: the discussion you linked: to plan excel template, the extent that one can implement. green threads with arrows or CPS, switch might be useful as a (contrived?) concurrency primitive in single-threaded environments. fail at concurrency on the one side, and academic Haskell-types that.
conjure up unimplementable pie-in-the-sky schemes on the other side. The. hope is that Clojure folks are ambitious enough to essay, produce something that. scales in teachers day celebration complexity and performance while having plenty real-world. scenarios to test their schemes against at their disposal. of utility in the general idea of dataflow, and psycology essay, look forward to further. developments in business plan excel template the Clojure space.
We recently released a ClojureScript library for FRP called Javelin. Links of interest: * Demos (more on the way): http://tailrecursion.com/ with concrete values instead of psycology essay, abstract event streams a la FRP. It. supports discrete propagation, which most FRP implementations provide as.
the event stream, via the american essay hook ability to toggle cells between. discrete/continuous propagation modes. Cell mutation semantics are those. of ClojureScript atoms. capable of parallel propagation and hope to release it soon. Among other.
things, our hope is to use it to process Prismatic graph  -compatible. workflows reactively. If you are using graph or flow  and psycology essay, are. interested in good essays for student reactive processing, and wouldn't mind helping us with. performance testing, drop me a line. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to essay, this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from essay teachers day celebration, this group and stop receiving emails from essay, it, send an email to email@example.com. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google.
Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups Clojure group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to email@example.com. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note that posts from new members are moderated - please be patient with. your first post. To unsubscribe from this group, send email to. For more options, visit this group at. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups. To unsubscribe from this group and english essay exam, stop receiving emails from essay, it, send an. email to email@example.com. You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google. Groups Clojure group. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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