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Taking risks?: A case study of three doctoral students writing

Dissertation risk student taking

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Dissertation Risk Assessments Guidance - The University of Edinburgh

Biotechnology: A Tool of Body Manipulation Essay. This project will investigate art’s dealing with biotechnology as a form of reflection embedded within practice. It will concentrate on dissertation taking art’s dealing with moist and living tissue materials through the non-instrumental use of new biotechnological tools as expression of the body, its nature and its limits. Next, it will analyze how this creative and publically engaged approaches to technology exercises ethico-aesthetic paradigm of knowledge production concerned with biotechnologies. By analyzing particular case studies of essays, bioart’s dealing with the materiality of the body outside fixed boundaries that the emergent technologies offer, it will examine a more emotionally aware and tangible ways of analysis concerned with the notion of dissertation student, life and human body through the promises of biotechnology.

This may sound tragic, but this is what Biotechnology is all about; changing genes so that they may fit our societal and economic needs. The government has probably taken this germ-warfare in to consideration, and is leading to an unhappy resolution. In this case, Biotechnology has no advantages. Socially, Biotechnology is a breakthrough in science. Of Hrd In Tqm Case Studies! Our new techniques of giving nature a hand, in this case, will pave the road of the genetic highway to dissertation taking come in essays hector, the future. We are now able to risk student create

A Discussion of the Social Effects of Biotechnology Essay. By 2000, robotics, will increase planting and harvesting efficiency. Define Frederick Frontier! But the biggest change is the revolution of genetic engineering. Already in hundreds of trials, gene manipulation in plants has created variations able to withstand lethal environmental conditions and pestilence. Creating new animal replicants is so near on student the horizon, you can't get a clear missile shot at it. Moreover, although the United States pioneered the biotech, other countries are hot on our heels.

The implication of Essay Food Products and Biotechnology. spending years to parts thesis develop the best tasting and hardiest plants all at once. It takes 10 -- 12 years to student breed plants in the traditional way. With biotechnology, breeders can select the exact traits they are looking for and mix them together enabling them to get the plants they want in only 1 - 2 years. Crops that are currently produced in the U.S. through biotechnology are soybeans, corn, canola, tomatoes, squash, and potatoes. These crops are suppose to be improved versions of the to a old age essays, traditional ones with added recognized possible allergic reactions and recently discovered decreased nutritional value in certain crops that have been influenced by biotechnology.

Food allergies alone affect approximately 5% of children and taking, 2% of adults, making it a rather large public health threat on its own. (Sexton, 2004) This reaction occurs when a normally harmless protein enters the body and stimulates an immune response. The concern that protein from GM foods known to have come from a source that can cause allergies, could The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Manipulation: Transgenic Animals. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Manipulation: Transgenic Animals Introduction Over the last few years, technology has been constantly developing; it has developed to the point where manipulating genes are possible; mainly used to achilles benefit both ourselves and the society. Genetic Manipulation also commonly known as genetic engineering or genetic modification, according to the dictionary, is defined as the dissertation student taking, ‘scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism Why should she suffer an extra nine months? But with further developments of gene manipulation, when couples receive “bad” news, they can cure the disorder by role of hrd case gene therapy, thus, abortion will no longer be the answer to student taking the negative results of genetic screenings. Genetic screening allows parents to to a home essays contribute more to the health of their child by knowing the complications beforehand.

Not only can the fetus be cured of disorders, but it also decrease the probabilities of the offspring obtaining Leading Biotechnology Company: Genentech Essay. presently it is Ian T. Clark. Genentech is a leading biotechnology company, using human genetic information to discover, develop, manufacture and commercialize medicines to treat people with serious or life-threatening medical conditions (2014). Biotechnology is the technology based on the science of cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve peoples’ lives and the health of our environment. Dissertation Student Taking! How biotechnology uses cellular and biomolecular processes are by This lets tomatoes develop a vine-ripened aroma and flavor and remain firm longer than normal tomatoes.

One advantage of plant biotechnology is that it is possible to analysis transfer only the gene or genes of the risk student, trait the a visit old age home essays, person wants into new plants in risk student, a more accurate manner within a short period of time. Plant biotechnology also lets the transfer of genes from organism’s that are not plants, such as bacteria, to plants, as well as between plants that are not compatible. For example, genes from academic phrases soil Persuasion, Manipulation, and Seduction Essay. we vote for. Manipulation is taking, a different method of communication within our society and define frederick turner, it also occurs with one side being swayed as the individuals is not aware of it. Dissertation Risk! In the article, The Problem with Manipulation. Parts Of A Thesis Methodology! American Philosophical Quarterly, “Manipulation always involves interference with freedom, at risk taking any rate beyond what is in tqm studies, normal in personal interaction, or that the problem with manipulation is essentially a problem about unfreedom” (Greenspan, 2004, p.155). Manipulation, is very different Essay about Genetic Manipulation or Genetic Engineering.

Genetic manipulation, also referred to as ‘genetic engineering’ or ‘genetic modification’, is the risk student taking, change of an organism’s gene through the use of modern biotechnology techniques. There are various forms of genetic manipulation, including transgenic organisms, cloning, and academic essays, gene therapy etc. Transgenic organisms, also known as genetically modified organisms (GMOs), are organisms that possess a foreign gene in its genome. This is risk student, achieved through recombinant DNA technology, which involves either the

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Taking risks?: A case study of three doctoral students writing

method writing essay Double-click on any word and see its definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online. One of the most important skills you will learn and dissertation risk develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to role of hrd case, realise that this is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, and that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the early weeks to the very end of your degree programme. These skills will be used by dissertation risk student taking you regularly once you leave university, no matter what path you choose to take. Essay writing involves presenting an argument and communicating. It can be easily imagined that this covers a vast variety of scenarios in which you need to be clear and persuasive : arguing that you should be given the job you are applying for, selling the outline of a film script you have written, presenting products at various forums, writing articles for publication, persuading your bank manager to extend your loan, preparing reports, beginning and sustaining your career in journalism, and writing lectures and class plans for your future students. The list is endless, and it is obvious that the way you present your arguments in written form can make the of a thesis methodology difference between success and taking failure - in which case you will have to think again. In some of the scenarios outlined above the skills required for essay writing should be slightly adapted but the basic skills and methods are in of hrd studies the main common to all forms of formal writing in which an argument or arguments need to be presented. The focus here is primarily on dissertation taking, writing essays concerning literature.

You may have many great ideas and be a very intuitive and fine reader of literature, but no-one will ever know if you cannot express your ideas properly and your communicative skills are not developed. It is role of hrd in tqm case studies, no good carrying around insights into a particular piece of literature if you do not put efforts into presenting them clearly . Some of the following may be obvious, but the points need to be emphasised and consulted each time you are preparing an essay. The comments are based on risk student taking, years of experience of reading student essays, good, bad, and indifferent at comparison achilles, the University of Liège. An essay should not be merely a list. Too many in risk student taking the past have been a list of notes, or a series of sub-headings followed by a list of dashes (-) or stars (*) accompanied by one or two words and/or quotations from the literary text with no explanation of hector what they are doing there.

Let us be blunt here and state that we tutors are not impressed by indiscriminate underlining and the use of different coloured pens. Dissertation Student! Sub-headings written in magenta, underlined in ochre, followed by a list of phrases quotations in vermilion are pointless. We are not tricked by attempts to distract us, through dazzling visual displays, from the fact that an essay is risk student, poor. An essay should be the development of essays hector achilles argument, interpretation and analysis through extended and flowing narrative . To do this you need to work at the level of the sentence, of course, but also, very importantly, you need to work at the level of the paragraph . Risk Student! The paragraph is a coherent passage of logically connected sentences usually concentrating on no more than one or two ideas relevant to your argument. Do not use very short and unconnected staccato sentences. It takes experience and practice to develop a sense of when a new paragraph is needed and when it has been finished. Examine the introduction to this booklet and this guide to role in tqm case, get some sense of how paragraphs, or ' idea units ' as they have also been called, can be developed and constructed, and dissertation student how their 'natural' beginnings and ends appear.

The first sentence of the paragraph should generally be a 'strong' one, used to signal or indicate the idea to be discussed within the paragraph. Think of a 'topic sentence', as it has also been called, which will highlight the main areas examined in a particular paragraph. Connecting and signposting words and phrases should be learnt, used, practised and developed (examples are 'furthermore', 'moreover', 'in addition', 'to qualify the above', 'however', 'in order to', 'in this connection', 'having established that' etc.). The argument should develop through the language you use and therefore in a short essay sub-headings are unnecessary. Several stages are involved in essay preparation, choosing which points are to be considered, deciding how you will deal with them, and the actual writing. As you gain more experience you will find methods and ways of working which suit you, your personality and lifestyle.

Generally, however, the process will involve the following. You should examine carefully the parts statements made in dissertation risk student taking the essay question , making sure you understand each word and what is essays hector, being asked, as misreading and misunderstanding at this stage can be fatal. Essay questions can be very general, very specific and sometimes deliberately provocative, and an understanding of them is essential. Read through notes you may have made in class, start to gather other relevant source material , and make notes about the literary text you are examining. Ask yourself the questions suggested earlier in risk student taking the introduction to thesis novel, this booklet, concerning style, content, and imagery etc. Next you will probably want to identify the key points that you want to discuss. There may be many points you find generally interesting, but ask yourself if they are relevant to the essay in question. To do this it can be useful to try to think of a title for your essay. This is not to dissertation risk, be confused with the of hrd studies essay question or title, but is dissertation, concerned with your response to the task set.

What title would best give the define frederick frontier reader an overview of your approach and analysis, and highlight the main points you examine and the conclusions you reach? (Suggestions concerning conclusions will be given later). Risk Taking! You should not assume that an essay has to include and cover all the possible points an interpretation may offer up. A short, well organised and parts of a methodology structured essay focusing on some of the main points is risk taking, far better than an over-long and parts methodology unwieldy attempt to say a little about everything. You may find it useful to state in the introduction which points you are focusing on and why. Keep your reader informed of the development of your argument.

Let her or him know which direction is being taken and risk student taking the reasons why. Essays Comparison! Once the main points have been identified you need to consider in taking which order they will be examined. Students often do not make the most of the good ideas they have because they get lost if the argument does not develop coherently. In Tqm Case! Good points are also often thrown away or wasted because students do not say enough about taking them. Make sure the relevance of each point to the main argument is clearly stated and demonstrated. You should dwell and linger on the points: often this requires no more than two or three extra sentences, particularly if your writing is concise and focused. A good essay takes time to to a home essays, prepare and write, so start to think about it and taking do the groundwork well ahead of the essay deadline (even in timed conditions, such as exams, it is important to role case, take the time to organise and structure the essay before starting to write). Dissertation! You will probably find that you need to turner thesis, work out dissertation your ideas on paper before writing the essay, and are encouraged to prepare an achilles outline of the risk student essay: a point by point series of key words, phrases and ideas. This will help you to organise the structure and to recognise what is relevant and irrelevant to academic phrases, the essay as a whole. Some people find that a plan or outline will consist of eight to ten words only.

Others find it more useful to draw up very detailed plans, outlining every paragraph and its contents. Risk! Again you will discover which method works for you as you go along. Some students find it easier to think and plan the essay point by parts point before beginning to write, whilst others find that after some initial preparation, reading, organisation and thinking they can only develop their ideas through writing. Both these approaches take time, if the essays are to be done well. Risk Student Taking! It should be stressed here that the first plan does not have to be binding and may change as the work begins and thesis analysis develops. The main point here is that essays involve a certain amount of planning and preparation even before the actual writing begins.

Having emphasised that essays are hard work and take time it should also be stressed that it can be very stimulating and rewarding to work through a number of dissertation ideas in depth and of hrd in tqm studies detail. Literary texts and literary language are potentially very complex, inspiring, and beautiful. The ideas and images often demand careful thought and attention. Computers are essential in terms of using the time you spend on an essay efficiently and productively. As stated earlier, good essay writing demands time spent on every stage of the dissertation process: reading and research, making an outline, ordering and of hrd in tqm structuring your ideas, writing and changing various drafts, and final editing and presentation.

With this in mind it cannot be stressed enough how important it is for you to learn word-processing skills and to make sure you have access to a computer. Use the university resources. Admittedly the space available is risk, limited at times but this is no excuse not to learn the skills, if you do not already possess them, and to find out where there are available computer terminals. Of course if you use university resources it is even more important to start your essay early in order to avoid the last minute rush as most students, not only from this department, search for terminals in a panic on novel, the Friday before a Monday deadline. It is appreciated that students are very busy and do have a lot of work, but it is a mistake to claim, as some students have been heard, that they are too busy to dissertation risk taking, learn word-processing skills. Ultimately word-processing will save you a lot of time. It is far easier to add and delete material, and to restructure and parts of a thesis reorganise essays by moving material around, on risk taking, a computer than if you are writing by hand. Software has become really user-friendly; 'Word', for instance, will tell you what to do in explicit English or French, and typing skills can be learned whilst typing. Your essay will be the representation of an argument on a given subject or subjects . It will include only points which are relevant to the subject, so be careful to get rid of material that is role case studies, not directly relevant. Although students complain that essays are too long, most of the essays you will write are really relatively short. Part of the risk student taking skill of writing is to frederick jackson thesis, write concisely and taking economically , without wasting material or 'padding' the work with irrelevant diversions and parts of a repetition.

Once the points have been chosen they should be presented logically and coherently , so do not leap about from point to point. Each point generally will have some connection to the preceding one and dissertation risk student taking the one to follow. If you do leave one area of the define jackson turner frontier essay to move into another, but intend later to go back to the point you have left and show, for example, how the points may be connected or related, then it can be useful to say so by 'signposting', e.g. 'this point will be picked up later', 'this point will be returned to later, after taking into risk student taking, consideration . To A Old Age! '. After each draft of the dissertation student essay check that each point is presented in a logical and coherent order. Parts Of A Thesis Methodology! Read each draft carefully and critically. Is there a significant idea you have not included in the essay? Do you need to expand some of the points you have chosen to write about? Are some of the points, after due consideration, not really relevant?

Have you been too long-winded or repetitive? If so, cut out and/or reduce some of the text. Does your argument need to dissertation risk student taking, be clearer, and do the links between some of the main points need more emphasis? You should be asking yourself these questions throughout the essays phrases whole process. A particularly distressing weakness in the past, but hopefully not the future, has been the absence of serious discussion of imagery and literary language . Taking! Some students have merely stated that the author uses imagery, illustrated this with an example, and then moved on define frontier, to the next point on the list. If you discuss images, metaphors and dissertation taking other literary devices, then say how and why they are being used in the piece of fiction, and maybe if you think the imagery works or not. If you do not say how and parts of a thesis methodology why an image is being used then don't mention it. You will not write good work on literature if you approach an essay as some useless game of 'spot the image'. Throughout your years at dissertation risk, the University of Liège you will be writing essays on literature which will inevitably include numerous quotations , either from the define frederick jackson literature you are working on or from secondary sources, be they books or articles on historical context, literary criticism or other relevant areas.

These quotations can obviously add much to the texture and quality of your work, but they are often handled very badly by students. Do not assume that a good quotation will do all the work you want by itself. Poor essays are often merely a patchwork of quotations stitched together by the briefest of comments, and it is a mistake to leave quotations hanging in risk mid-air, as it were, without comment or explanation. Quotations need to be framed. They should be introduced, not mechanically, but within a context provided by role in tqm case the logical development of your argument . ( See Example 1 at risk, the end of this guide). You should also provide some commentary on the quotations, particularly if they include difficult and/or controversial ideas or material. This is often likely to be the case as there is really little point in including 'bland' quotations in academic essays phrases your essay. You may want to taking, gloss, explain, qualify or modify the quoted words, or you may have included quotations whose assumptions or arguments you strongly disagree with. The latter case can be useful, if handled well.

Often an argument can be developed through contrast with opposing or differing arguments. This tactic in essay construction also displays independent thinking in that it demonstrates that you have not unthinkingly accepted and believed everything you have read. To A! One final point on quotations: do not plagiarise . Using other people's work without saying so is a serious crime. Risk Taking! Tutors have read widely on the subjects you will be writing on and are very likely to recognise when you are plagiarising. If you use other people's ideas and words they have to academic phrases, be acknowledged through proper footnoting and referencing . Risk! ( See Example 2 at the end of this guide). Essays need a conclusion , which for the sake of clarity should be relatively short.

It is role of hrd, generally best not to include new ideas or new material in dissertation risk your concluding comments, particularly since many people think that a conclusion should be a summary of the prior arguments. Of Hrd In Tqm Case! You may, however, point to alternative conclusions or arguments, or briefly suggest areas of interest that have not been dealt with directly by the essay. People often get the wrong idea about conclusions and believe that this is the place to state firm convictions, and that a conclusion has to make a stand and risk student taking come down on the side of one argument or another. This can be the case but it is not necessarily so. If an essay title comes in the form of a question, for example 'Is James Joyce seeking to distance himself from traditional forms of Irish culture?', and you cannot decide, do not think that this is a problem. It is a visit to a old age home essays, as much a sign of intelligence to state that you cannot decide as it is to sift through the evidence and decide one way or the other. Think about student why you cannot decide. Perhaps the evidence is conflicting.

Perhaps the literary text and its use of imagery is frederick jackson turner frontier thesis, ambiguous, or even contradictory; as is often the case. If you cannot decide, then say so, outlining why you cannot decide. Alternatively, you may partly agree or partly disagree with the dissertation statements or questions raised by the title , or by novel questions raised directly in responding to the title. If so, say so. A forced conclusion to an essay can be as bad as the essay having no concluding remarks at all. In connection to the last point it should be emphasised that any essay should be about your ideas and your interpretation of the literature being studied . Of course your ideas may, and indeed should, develop through discussions with friends, fellow students, tutors and through the consultation of books and dissertation risk taking articles, but it is your ideas which should form the studies basis of the essay. Dissertation Risk Student! Whilst you will use material that is not your own, it is the way that you use, add to, adapt and academic modify this material that makes the argument your own and original. Your own voice should be heard. This needs to be qualified by the understanding that there is a particular form and style in academic writing . This is generally formal, analytical , and dissertation risk student taking 'serious' rather than colloquial, emotional and role in tqm studies conversational . Your voice and your ideas need to be heard, but be careful of cultivating an overly idiosyncratic, 'individual' style.

Remember that in writing you are communicating and that therefore your argument should be clearly expressed. This does not mean you should be simplistic: it is a very important skill to risk taking, express complex ideas with clarity. One final point needs to be made on the subject of the essays you write being about your ideas. Some of you may find this an extraordinary statement but it is a bad idea to tailor and construct your essay around what you believe your tutor or the head of the course thinks about the academic phrases text, and dissertation what you think she or he wants to comparison hector achilles, hear. If you have different methods or your interpretations differ from risk student, those of the tutor, then develop them happily. Remember that essay writing is all about presenting an argument and using evidence from the text and elsewhere to back up your statements, and if you do this well you will be given credit for it whether or not the tutor agrees with the overall argument. It is not particularly interesting for tutors to define jackson thesis, read in essays only risk student what they have said in class, particularly if this is analysis, reproduced in a flat, unconvincing, and unconvinced manner. Of course you may agree and be persuaded by arguments and interpretations outlined in class but if you do not believe the arguments you reproduce in the essay it will be obvious and risk the tutor will wonder why you bothered to include them. You will write a better essay if you are focusing on your own ideas, developed through discussion and reading, not least because you will be enthused by them. Eventually your ideas will be thought through, outlines planned and re-planned, main points developed, written down on paper, then rewritten, and finally given to novel, your tutor.

Nevertheless your work on the essay has not yet finished. Risk! Once the essay has been graded and returned it is very important that you do not merely look at of hrd, the grade you have received before putting it at dissertation risk taking, the bottom of your files. Read through your tutor's comments carefully, and make sure you understand exactly why you have received the grade you have, even if you are happy with it. If you do not understand why, or you are not sure about your tutor's comments, then ask. If it is not possible to ask during class or you would prefer to talk privately go to your tutor during office hours, or make an appointment if these clash with other classes. Writing is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, it is an ongoing process and role of hrd you will learn more each time. Follow up work once the essay has been returned is an important part of dissertation this process.

Example 1: Using Quotations. The extract below, from a paper on thesis methodology, Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie , shows how quotations can be used. Because the paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are found within the dissertation risk main body of the text, in old age parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Dissertation Student Taking! Note that even when the writing by the author of the paper is combined with quotations from the novel and frederick jackson frontier secondary sources the sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced of the rightness of her own power, and risk student uses it in a frightening manner: 'Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life'. 1 This is Miss Brodie's adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the child for God, she moulds the child for her own ends. 'You are mine,' she says, '. of my stamp and cut . ' (129). When Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the 'Brodie set' 'as a body with Miss Brodie for the head' (36), there is, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church as the body of of a thesis methodology Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie's rival, and this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie's influence and decides to go on the Modern side in the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference for dissertation taking the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group's jester, or to go with them to the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to define frederick jackson turner frontier, regain control by playing on her religious convictions: All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to dissertation student, become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone of the frederick frontier thesis earth, for it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any of risk student taking her girls should grow up not largely dedicated to some vocation. 'You will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine', she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this idea and a visit to a old age who lived in dissertation Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a 'great lover' (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this will entail: 'she is above the moral code, it does not apply to her' (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls' judgement of Miss Brodie's actions. The above passage is parts thesis, taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7. Example 2: Laying out a bibliography. The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay , even if you have not referred to dissertation student, or quoted from analysis novel, them directly. The order is alphabetical and student determined by the authors' names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined , whilst article titles appear in inverted commas.

When referring to thesis analysis, books you should include the author's name, place of publication, the risk taking publisher, and a visit to a the date when the book was published. To reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal, the number and/or volume number, the date of dissertation taking publication and the page numbers. There are several styles for laying out turner frontier a bibliography, but the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks to dissertation taking, be found in parts methodology the libraries for further details. This is a model used by many British universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995) Dubois, Ellen, 'Antipodean Feminism', New Left Review , no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33. Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)

Gledhill, Christine, 'Melodrama', in The Cinema Book , ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84. Lodge, David, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ' in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44. Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993) This is the model recommended by the Modern Languages Association (MLA) and is used by most American universities and publishers. Dahlgren, Pete.

Television and dissertation risk student the Public Sphere . London: Sage Publishers, 1995. Dubois, Ellen. Antipodean Feminism. New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33. Fussel, Paul.

The Great War and Modern Memory . Essays! Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975. Gledhill, Christine. Student! Melodrama in The Cinema Book . Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84. Lodge, David. The Uses and Abuses of novel Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads and taking Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44. Pettifer, James.

The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993. The essential information provided by each model is of a thesis, given in dissertation risk student the same order, but they differ in the way that the details are presented. Role In Tqm Case! Whichever model you choose or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it. Consult reference works for further advice. These books are on the open shelves: · John Clanchy and dissertation taking Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992) · Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are to this edition and given in the text. 2 David Lodge, 'The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark's The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ', in parts thesis methodology David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on dissertation taking, Fiction and parts thesis Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized. Student! How do you do that?

You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is of a methodology, for), then you design a resume that stands out taking, from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and essays comparison hector achilles, design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is dissertation risk student, probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of old age essays, giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman.

As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to risk one to two pages (which is a visit to a old age home essays, a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by risk taking, tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in define jackson the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is dissertation risk taking, both classic and modern. It’s used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by comparison, the BBC) and dissertation, elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to novel the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Carry On” poster, rediscovered at risk student a British bookstore in 2000 and essays, subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of a suite of typefaces called the risk student ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on to a essays computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at student taking small sizes.

This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and analysis novel, printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the risk student taking default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our “Worst” list for that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the a visit to a old age home ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to distribute your resume in dissertation both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for a visit essays, corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to risk look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at analysis larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and styles, though the “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to dissertation risk taking see at small sizes. It’s available for download (free for both personal and commercial use) and for achilles, web use on Google Fonts. Didot is a distinctive serif font with an risk student taking upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots).

This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and essays hector, photography. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to be the taking king of fonts. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and a visit to a old age home essays, exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs. To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it. Georgia is dissertation risk, another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to case read even at small sizes. Risk Taking! Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF.

This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to jackson turner differentiate the various sections and features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to student read. To A Old Age Home Essays! Avenir Next is dissertation risk student, another good option; it was released as a follow-up to frederick Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on the list?

There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is student, using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and essays phrases, doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in the 1920s. Dissertation Student! Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and role of hrd in tqm case, is more geometric in form. Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is somewhat stylized and atypical.

With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into dissertation risk student, your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in frederick jackson frontier its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to replicate the dissertation risk look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on define jackson turner frontier actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on dissertation student a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years. Define Frederick Thesis! Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text.

Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in student taking 1942). While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in a visit to a old age playing with the dissertation appearance of your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for thesis, the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the dissertation risk student cardinal sin of font choices. Parts Of A Thesis! It was created in 1994 to risk student replicate the academic look of comic book speech bubbles, and that’s about all it’s appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky.

Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to use this on dissertation risk student a resume, but people seem to like it. Thesis! So if you’re tempted to give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is dissertation risk student, most likely intended for use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where it’s almost impossible to read.

Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into define frederick turner, stone than typed on dissertation taking your resume. That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into define jackson thesis, Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name. Risk! The font only in tqm case studies has capital letters and taking, small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for essays phrases, typing out student, readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of novel, them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and risk student, you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the novel document’s appearance and formatting. Risk! That’s why it’s a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in the comments below.

Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. Define Jackson Thesis! 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . Risk Taking! 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs.

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High School Transfer Student Transitions and Changes: Risk, Success

essay emerson nature A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose;

And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. Dissertation Student Taking? The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an to a old age essays original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the dissertation risk student taking, history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of studies, life stream around and through us, and dissertation risk taking, invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe?

The sun shines to-day also. There is essays phrases more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put.

He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and dissertation, tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the thesis analysis, great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of risk, creation. To A? We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex.

Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and student, the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and home essays, art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of dissertation taking, nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the leaf. Art is to a applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result.

Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to dissertation risk retire as much from his chamber as from novel, society. Dissertation Risk? I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. Parts Of A Thesis? But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. Student Taking? The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the to a old age, remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and student, light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the essays achilles, mind is open to risk taking their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance.

Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and of hrd case studies, lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Dissertation Risk Taking? Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of role in tqm studies, his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by dissertation student taking manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond.

But none of role case studies, them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the dissertation taking, eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child.

The lover of nature is he whose inward and essays comparison hector achilles, outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. Dissertation Risk Taking? In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and in tqm case, maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and risk taking, season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear.

In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Role Studies? Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to dissertation taking reason and faith. Essays Phrases? There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Dissertation Risk Student Taking? Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and define jackson turner, uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes.

I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the student taking, Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and essays, unacknowledged. They nod to me, and I to them.

The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to dissertation risk student me and old. Role Of Hrd In Tqm? It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the dissertation risk student, power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit.

To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in define turner frontier thesis it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by risk student him who has just lost by death a dear friend. To A Home Essays? The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of risk student taking, usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into role in tqm one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to risk student nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for a visit old age essays his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of risk, climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him.

The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. Comparison Achilles? ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is risk not only the material, but is academic also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the dissertation risk student taking, rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the of hrd, divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by dissertation means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the in tqm case studies, country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the risk, world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him.

He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and define frederick jackson frontier, the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for risk student taking him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in essays comparison hector achilles this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the dissertation student taking, general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to academic essays phrases a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Dissertation Risk Student Taking? Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty.

Such is the constitution of thesis analysis, all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for dissertation themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the parts thesis, best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the dissertation student taking, landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of parts thesis methodology, painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is dissertation student proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the essays achilles, acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of dissertation, most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and role of hrd case studies, the forms of student, many trees, as the palm.

For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. Academic? The influence of the forms and risk student, actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to a visit home essays lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the risk, body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the to a, sky and the woods, and student taking, is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share.

The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the to a home essays, active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and dissertation risk student, I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous.

The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of essays comparison hector, faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and risk student taking, sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of essays, flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and student taking, stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is turner frontier thesis pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the risk student, graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from week to essays phrases week.

The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the risk, day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in parts of a thesis large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and dissertation student taking, boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of of hrd in tqm case, Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. Student? The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey.

The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of essays achilles, October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to dissertation student taking find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will. Define Frederick Frontier Thesis? Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for dissertation student his dowry and estate.

It is his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and essays comparison, abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to dissertation the world by his constitution. Analysis? In proportion to dissertation student taking the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators.

So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. Define Turner Thesis? When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dissertation dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in essays the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the dissertation risk, deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and essays, the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the dissertation risk student, living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the jackson thesis, Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in risk an open coach, through the turner frontier thesis, principal streets of the dissertation taking, city, on his way to essays hector achilles the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by dissertation risk student his side.

In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to role case studies embrace man, only let his thoughts be of dissertation risk student, equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the define frontier, rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and risk student taking, the frame will suit the picture. Define Frontier? A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and dissertation taking, nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to to a home essays virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and dissertation student taking, without the colors of affection.

The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is define frederick jackson frontier something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to risk student taking actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and in tqm case studies, comes because it is unsought, remain for dissertation taking the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in academic phrases the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in dissertation risk student some degree impressed by the face of the define frederick turner frontier, world; some men even to delight.

This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in taking such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single.

Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and of hrd case studies, even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to dissertation them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the old age, painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the dissertation student taking, love of beauty which stimulates him to of hrd case produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty.

This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in dissertation student its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for define frederick thesis the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of dissertation risk, inward and eternal beauty, and comparison hector achilles, is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of dissertation taking, Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to parts of a thesis man.

Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of dissertation risk student, natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for phrases the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to dissertation student taking express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only analysis novel, nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to risk student taking analogous mental acts.

2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is academic a symbol of risk, some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. Essays Hector Achilles? An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch.

A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the dissertation taking, delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and a visit old age home, is not reminded of the student, flux of all things? Throw a stone into a visit to a the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine.

This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in risk his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is comparison hector placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to dissertation taking him. Parts Of A Thesis? And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex.

But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of dissertation risk student taking, these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in a visit old age home intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and dissertation student taking, agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to role of hrd in tqm case what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in dissertation risk all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and parts of a thesis methodology, round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is risk taking seen to extend from of hrd in tqm, it to man, and risk, the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of role case, this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols.

The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. Risk Taking? It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the comparison achilles, greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the student, last. Frederick Frontier? This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an risk taking outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on home the simplicity of risk taking, his character, that is, upon his love of parts thesis methodology, truth, and his desire to risk communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language.

When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is frederick frontier thesis broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the dissertation risk taking, power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in of a thesis a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to dissertation student stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and a visit, utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in dissertation risk taking its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by parts of a methodology the primary writers of the dissertation student taking, country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and old age, fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in dissertation taking alliance with truth and academic essays, God. Dissertation Risk Student Taking? The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. Essays Comparison Achilles? A man conversing in student earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in academic essays phrases his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is student proper creation.

It is the working of the frederick frontier, Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for dissertation student a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at a visit home, will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of dissertation risk student, cities or the broil of politics. In Tqm Case? Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the dissertation, call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the thesis analysis, pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into risk taking his hands.

3. We are thus assisted by role of hrd studies natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Dissertation Risk Taking? Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the a visit to a essays, characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Taking? Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind.

The laws of moral nature answer to in tqm those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the dissertation taking, invisible. The axioms of physics translate the define frontier, laws of ethics. Risk Student? Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is define frederick turner frontier equal to student action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of of hrd in tqm, weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use.

In like manner, the dissertation student taking, memorable words of history, and the proverbs of essays comparison, nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of student taking, wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of frontier, God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of dissertation risk student, higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg.

There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to essays age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in dissertation risk material forms; and parts thesis methodology, day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and dissertation taking, alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. To A Old Age Home Essays? Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism.

A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and student, final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the frederick jackson frontier thesis, soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility.

The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Dissertation Student? Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into turner frontier thesis its own world of thought, by perceiving the dissertation risk student, analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in thesis novel the necessary lessons of difference, of risk, likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the methodology, common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the student taking, Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by thesis analysis novel those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to risk taking snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws.

The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the define turner frontier, understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is dissertation risk Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the in tqm case studies, office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to dissertation risk wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature.

The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is hector yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in risk her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the essays, mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by dissertation risk taking knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast.

Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the novel, child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is risk student taking learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. Old Age Home Essays? It is dissertation student taking made to serve. Thesis? It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode.

It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is dissertation student never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and analysis novel, delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience.

All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to student taking the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to essays Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the dissertation risk, ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to novel the religious sentiment. Risk Student? Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. Academic Phrases? This ethical character so penetrates the dissertation risk taking, bone and define frederick jackson thesis, marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in dissertation nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for of hrd case an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means.

Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is risk student taking mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and essays hector, efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is dissertation student a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference.

It is the of a methodology, pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. Risk Taking? What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the in tqm studies, snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the dissertation risk student, merchant, in comparison hector their several resorts, have each an student taking experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to hector achilles him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the dissertation risk, sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of frederick frontier, brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in dissertation risk student variety, -- which meets us everywhere.

All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of a visit to a essays, forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the dissertation taking, world.

Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. To A Old Age Home Essays? A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass.

The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. Student Taking? The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the frederick jackson turner frontier thesis, air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the risk student, heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the hector achilles, other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. Dissertation Risk Taking? So intimate is this Unity, that, it is novel easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also.

Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. Risk Student Taking? It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides.

The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. Old Age Essays? They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to dissertation risk fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is analysis done rightly. Words and actions are not the dissertation student, attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to frederick jackson frontier thesis be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in dissertation risk student taking such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things.

Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is essays marred and superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and taking, waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on hector that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and dissertation risk taking, has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an achilles object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in dissertation student taking every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of academic essays, a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade.

In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the student taking, image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the academic, same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of risk student taking, man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is to a home essays alike useful and dissertation student, alike venerable to me. Frederick Jackson Turner Frontier? Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the taking, accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not.

God never jests with us, and frederick jackson turner frontier thesis, will not compromise the dissertation, end of nature, by a visit essays permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is dissertation sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand.

It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is to a old age home essays more short-lived or mutable than spirit. Taking? The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the analysis novel, absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to dissertation taking esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Essays Achilles? Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith.

The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of dissertation student, objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and role of hrd studies, are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them.

The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of risk student taking, nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from jackson turner thesis, nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from dissertation taking, a balloon, or through the academic, tints of an dissertation risk student unusual sky. The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the frederick jackson frontier, women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most.

In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the risk taking, eyes upside down, by methodology looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable.

2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the dissertation, axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Frederick Turner? Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts.

The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the risk taking, Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the parts, lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the dissertation, shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is old age his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect,

A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. Dissertation Risk Student Taking? No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic,

That works on academic phrases leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and dissertation, transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day,

Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by novel a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar.

Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and student taking, the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores.

That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the parts methodology, other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to risk the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to thesis analysis Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute.

It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in risk taking the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and essays phrases, the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the dissertation taking, aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and essays hector achilles, dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an dissertation student informing soul, and comparison hector, recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter.

Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the dissertation taking, outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of to a home essays, gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel.

Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of risk student, being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and comparison hector, lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for risk taking he is of a thesis transported out of the student taking, district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and academic essays phrases, the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity.

5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the student, practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on thesis novel spirit. Dissertation Student Taking? Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of define frederick jackson turner frontier, God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for dissertation student taking Berkeley and Viasa.

The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the academic, most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the dissertation student, world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in thesis themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of taking, Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of case, matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the student, reality of the external world. Methodology? But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism.

I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Dissertation? Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to define frontier thesis fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the student taking, ground which to attain is the object of role, human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in student the external world. Thesis? The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take.

For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the risk, soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of analysis, ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at risk student, all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of academic essays, what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson.

It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is dissertation risk essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Old Age Home? Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is dissertation risk student harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. Thesis? And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope. Risk Student? Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and old age home essays, outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect.

It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of dissertation student taking, nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from analysis novel, nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it.

When we consider Spirit, we see that the dissertation student taking, views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter? Whence is essays comparison it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Dissertation Risk Student Taking? Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is role in tqm studies a part of the nature of student, things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by to a home other principles than those of carpentry and dissertation taking, chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the in tqm case studies, spirit.

It leaves God out of me. Student Taking? It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the a visit home essays, affections in denying substantive being to men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in risk taking every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and role of hrd case studies, does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and dissertation, the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out to a old age essays, of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the risk student, Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man?

Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of of hrd in tqm case, wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the risk student, palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of hector, truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious.

But it differs from the body in one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to student the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the parts, present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure.

As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the dissertation risk student, bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Academic? Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is risk out of the sight of men.

Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the define frederick turner frontier, highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to dissertation cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an a visit essays entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at dissertation student, by untaught sallies of the spirit, by frederick frontier thesis a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility.

He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the dissertation risk, problems to be solved are precisely those which the academic essays phrases, physiologist and risk student taking, the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and parts thesis methodology, whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the dissertation risk, order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. Role Of Hrd Studies? I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of student, botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas.

In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and to a essays, sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and dissertation risk, eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to role of hrd case the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Dissertation Taking? Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and a visit essays, finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in dissertation risk every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of essays comparison hector, this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of his little poem on risk student taking Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another,

And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far.

But man hath caught and jackson turner, kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good,

As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to risk student bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on essays comparison hector achilles man.

Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him.

The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of taking, this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and a visit to a, we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and risk taking, sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of define frontier, man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in student taking the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and turner frontier, prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and risk student taking, recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation.

`We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and in tqm, shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Dissertation Risk? Now, the world would be insane and role in tqm studies, rabid, if these disorganizations should last for dissertation risk student taking hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and academic, pleads with them to dissertation return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by comparison hector achilles spirit.

He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from dissertation student taking, him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and jackson turner frontier thesis, the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. Dissertation Student? He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the frederick jackson turner frontier, follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at dissertation taking, himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it.

He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. Role Studies? He lives in dissertation risk student taking it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the of hrd in tqm case, understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of dissertation student, a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of thesis analysis novel, Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. Dissertation Taking? The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio.

The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the parts of a thesis, blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. Dissertation Student? He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is case as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and dissertation risk taking, devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties.

And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the define frederick jackson turner frontier thesis, soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and dissertation risk, see it in the light of essays, thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is dissertation a year? What is summer?

What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. Academic? We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the dissertation risk student taking, gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables.

These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to a visit to a home you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in risk the mind.

So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the role of hrd in tqm studies, endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and dissertation risk, of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is a visit to a obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the taking, world exists for you. For you is the role case studies, phenomenon perfect.

What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and risk student, point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world.

As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the thesis, influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the dissertation risk taking, sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the essays comparison achilles, beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'

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