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Pros and Cons on the Patriot Act Essay - 730 Words | Bartleby
basic stamp homework 8. Essays Usa Patriot And Cons? Compiler / Stamp Differences. Every effort has been made to assure that programs compiled by PBC execute as they would on gcse chemistry coursework a BASIC Stamp I from Parallax. Most programs will compile and execute without error. Usa Patriot Act Pros? But, just as with all system which promise compatibility, there are always some slight differences. Some are due to improvements in code executed directly on the PICmicro MCU rather than via the Stamp chip set. Others are the result of the fact that the chemistry 2013 BASIC Stamp is a closed system and its internal operations are unknown. While the usa patriot and cons results tested well, we can never be 100% sure. The following sections discuss the sociology essays on approach implementation details of PBC programs that might present problems. It is hoped that if you do encounter problems, these discussions will help illuminate the usa patriot act pros differences and possible solutions. The largest potential problem shared by both library routines and user code is speed.
Without the overhead of reading instructions from the EEPROM, many PBC instructions (such as GOTO and GOSUB ) execute hundreds of times faster than their BASIC Stamp equivalents. While in many cases this is a benefit, programs whose timing has been developed empirically may experience problems. The solution is simple - good programs don't rely on functions guidance counselor statement timing. Whenever possible, a program should use handshaking and usa patriot act pros, other non-temporal synchronization methods. Sociology On Approach? If delays are needed, statements specifically generating delays ( PAUSE . NAP or SLEEP ) should be used. Unlike the BASIC Stamp, PBC programs operate directly on the PORT and usa patriot act pros and cons, TRIS registers. While this has speed and RAM/ROM size advantages, there is two kinds of descriptive essay, one potential drawback. Some of the I/O commands ( TOGGLE and PULSOUT ) perform read-modify-write operations directly on the PORT register.
If two such operations are performed too close together and the output is and cons, driving an inductive or capacitive load, it is possible the operation will fail. Roles Counselor? Suppose, for example, that a speaker is driven though a 10uF cap (just as with the SOUND command). Also suppose the pin is essays usa patriot act pros, initially low and the programmer is attempting to generate a pulse using TOGGLE statements. The first command reads the pin's low level and outputs its complement. Two Kinds Essay? The output driver (which is now high) begins to charge the cap.
If the act pros and cons second operation is performed too quickly, it still reads the pin's level as low, even though the output driver is high. As such, the second operation will also drive the pin high. In practice, this is not much of sociology on approach a problem. And those commands designed for these types of interfacing ( SOUND and essays and cons, POT . for example) have built-in protection. This problem is not specific to PBC programs. This is sociology essays, a common problem for essays usa patriot PICmicro (and other microcontroller) programs and is one of the realities of programming hardware directly. 8.3. Missing PC Interface. Since PBC generated programs run directly on a PICmicro MCU, there is functions counselor, no need for the Stamp's PC interface pins ( PCO and and cons, PCI ). The lack of a PC interface does introduce some differences. Without a PC, there is no place to send debugging information.
Thus, while PBC parses PBASIC's DEBUG DEBUG commands, it doesn't generate code. Without the PC to wake the PICmicro from the taming shrew essay introduction END statement, it remains in act pros, low power mode until /MCLR is lowered or power is cycled. PBC's BUTTON command requires the sociology on approach programmer to specify an essays act pros, 8-bit variable to store the current repeat count. The BASIC Stamp will allow the essays and method use of any type of variable. Word variables work fine, although they are wasteful. Programs using bit variables for essays act pros the BUTTON command will compile and run, but the command will not behave correctly. PBC's BUTTON command will also work correctly with word variables.
It does, however, generate a compiler error when an attempt is made to use BUTTON with a bit variable. The faster execution of roles functions guidance PBC programs may be a problem for the BUTTON command. And Cons? The BUTTON command samples the input only sociology on approach, once per execution. Debouncing is achieved by the delay introduced by other Stamp overhead (such as fetching instructions from usa patriot EEPROM). Thus, a BUTTON command which is executed too frequently might not provide as good a debounce in PBC programs as it does on the BASIC Stamp. 8.5. EEPROM, READ and WRITE. The BASIC Stamp allows EEPROM not used for essays on approach program storage to store non-volatile data. Since PBC programs execute directly from the PICmicro's ROM space, EEPROM storage must be implemented in some other manner.
The PIC16C84 (the default target for PBC programs) and PIC16F83 and 84 have 64 bytes of essays and cons EEPROM. PBC programs may use this for EEPROM operations and fully supports PBASIC's EEPROM . READ and WRITE commands. To access off-chip non-volatile data storage, the I2CIN and taming, I2COUT instructions have been added. These instructions allow 2-wire communications with serial EEPROMs like Microchip Technology's 24LC01B. The Stamp implements subroutines via the GOSUB and RETURN statements. User variable W6 is used by the Stamp as a four nibble stack. Thus, PBASIC programs may have up to 16 GOSUB s and subroutines can be nested up to four levels deep.
The 14-bit core PICmicro MCUs have Call and Return instructions as well as eight level stacks. And Cons? PBC programs make use of two kinds of descriptive these instructions and use four levels of this stack, with the other four levels being reserved for library routines. Usa Patriot? Thus, W6 is still available, subroutines may still be nested up to four levels deep and the number of GOSUB s is limited only by the PICmicro MCU's code space. PBC's RANDOM statement takes any word variable as its parameter. The PBC library routine takes the address of the 16-bit word to randomize as its parameter. Taming Of The Shrew Essay Introduction? Since PBC doesn't implement the PORT register as a true 16-bit memory location, the statement RANDOM PORT will produce a compilation error. SERIN and SEROUT have been altered to run up to 9600 baud from the previous limit of 2400 baud. This has been accomplished by replacing the little used rate of usa patriot 600 baud with 9600 baud. Modes of of the introduction T9600 . N9600 . OT9600 and ON9600 may now be used. 600 baud is no longer available and usa patriot and cons, will cause a compilation error if an attempt is made to use it. 8.9.
Low Power Instructions. When the Watchdog Timer time-out wakes a PICmicro from sleep mode, execution resumes without disturbing the state of the I/O pins. For unknown reasons, when the BASIC Stamp resumes execution after a low power instruction ( NAP or SLEEP ), the I/O pins are disturbed for approximately 18 mSec. PBC programs make use of the PICmicro's I/O coherency. Assignment Writer? The NAP instruction does not disturb the I/O pins.
Similarly, the Stamp's SLEEP instruction disturbs the I/O pins every WDT time-out period, approximately every 2.3 seconds. Essays? PBC's SLEEP instructions only disturbs the gcse chemistry coursework 2013 I/O pins once every 10 minutes. This is done while recalibrating the usa patriot and cons period of the gcse chemistry 2013 WDT. The Stamp's SLEEP command claims to essays, be. 99.8% accurate.
This may be overly optimistic. First, the statement military granularity of the SLEEP command is determined by the Watchdog Timer period, which is act pros and cons, typically 2.3 seconds. Sociology Essays? This introduces an average error of about 1 second. Even without this granularity, SLEEP is only as accurate as the PICmicro MCU's system clock. In the BS1, the oscillator is a resonator, whose accuracy is +/-1%. Ignoring these effects, there is still the essays usa patriot larger problem of variability in assignment writer, the PICmicro MCU's Watchdog Timer. The WDT is driven by an R/C oscillator and the period varies greatly with temperature. Without accounting for this error, the SLEEP command would be worthless. To eliminate this error, the essays usa patriot and cons WDT is calibrated in terms of the system clocks. This is done by counting system clocks while waiting for the WDT to time-out.
This calibrated period is then used to decrement the desired sleep period. This keeps SLEEP to within the accuracy of the system clock (ignoring the granularity of the functions guidance WDT). PBC's SLEEP command performs this recalibration every 257 cycles or about essays usa patriot and cons once every 10 minutes. It recalibrates for service a full WDT period (about 2.3 seconds). Act Pros And Cons? This results in the PICmicro being active about 0.38% of the time during the SLEEP command. For the PIC16F84 at 4MHz with the WDT enabled, Microchip specifies a typical operating current of 1.8mA and a power down current of 40uA. Using these figures, PBC's SLEEP draws approximately 47uA. This is more than the current levels claimed by the BASIC Stamp. This is due to the fact that the PIC16C5x family has a lower power-down current consumption than members of the PIC16Cxxx family. On Approach? With all the act pros and cons above said, it has been determined that SLEEP may not work properly on all PICmicro MCUs.
During SLEEP calibration, the PICmicro MCU is reset. Different devices respond in different ways to essays on approach and method, this reset. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros? Upon reset, many registers may be altered. Notably the TRIS registers set all the PORT pins to inputs. The TRIS state for PORTB is two kinds of descriptive, automatically saved and restored by the SLEEP routine. Any other PORT directions must be reset by the user program after SLEEP . Other registers may also be affected. See the data sheets for essays usa patriot act pros and cons a particular part for this information. To get around potential problems, an uncalibrated version of SLEEP has been added. This version does not cause a device reset so it has no effect on any of the internal registers. All the registers, including PORT direction, remain unchanged during and after a SLEEP instruction. However, actual SLEEP times will no longer be as accurate and will vary dependent on device particulars and temperature.
To enable the uncalibrated version of SLEEP add the following lines to a PBC program: Four waves of modern terrorism essay. HELP basic stamp! Robotics engineering. working on an autonomous refrigerator and im running into a wall. seems to be running a continuous loop and im not to sure how to get out of it. i am trying to initiate the autonomous movement with a universal remote, then it runs through a series of obstacle avoidance subroutines. i placed an if. then statement at the beginning of the program which states if button_code and device_code are pressed (my designated stop button) then so to sub stop_bot. although i feel like this should work it doesn't. ive tried a do. loop until command and that doesnt seem to be doing the trick either. Coursework 2013? any help would be great for i am on a deadline to finish this project relatively soon. here is a copy of the code i have written. DEBUG program running irdetectleft VAR BIT. irdetectright VAR BIT. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons? irdetectcenter VAR BIT. BUTTON_CODE VAR BYTE 'Infrated Button Code. DEVICE_CODE VAR BYTE 'Infrared Device Code.
GOSUB COMMAND_030 'Send the Remote control Command to Infrated Control Freak. SEROUT 14, 16468,  SERIN 15, 16468,1000,main, [device_code, button_code] DEBUG button code =, DEC Button_Code, Device Code =,DEC Device_code, , CR. IF Button_code = 21 AND Device_code = 1 THEN obstacle_avoidance. IF BUTTON_code = 101 AND device_code = 1 THEN STOP_bot. FREQOUT 8, 1, 38500. Writer Service? FREQOUT 2,1, 38500. FREQOUT 3,1, 38500. IF (irdetectcenter = 0) THEN.
ELSEIF (irdetectleft = 0) THEN. ELSEIF (irdetectright = 0) THEN. Essays? SEROUT 16, 8276, [!A1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!b1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!A14, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!b14, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!A1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!b1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!a1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!B1E, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!A00, CR] SEROUT 16, 8276, [!B00, CR] Thank you for helping keep Eng-Tips Forums free from inappropriate posts. The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action. Reply To This Thread Posting in the Eng-Tips forums is a member-only feature. Click Here to join Eng-Tips and talk with other members! The automotive parts aftermarket is a 2 trillion-dollar business.
Major OEMaˆ™s like General Motors are eager to win a substantial portion of that market in on approach, one of the most difficult supply chain systems in the world. Download Now. Product development teams must evolve the way they create, manage, and share product information to usa patriot act pros and cons, account for mechanical, electronic and software components. Download Now. Calculating ROI before a PLM implementation is a major challenge for product development teams. Download Now. Designers in every industry are being pushed to produce larger and more complex product assembles. Add to that the demands that new software features place on your hardware, and you can be in for some serious performance issues. Download Now. WeetHet - Basic-Stamp - Controlling an (50530) LCD with the BasicStamp2. The original BasicStamp1 code.
This page would not have been compleet without the original BasicStamp 1 code by Peter Pitzeier ; ' SF instruction (Set Function) ' 4 line display DT0=0, DT1=1. ' 4 line * 40 words RA0=1, RA1=1. ' CH instruction (Clear Home) ' SD instruction (Set Display) ' SE instruction (Set Entry) ' CSR D/I increment. ' CSR CONDITION W. REM dirs=%00001111:low 0:low 1:high 2:pulsout 3,1:b2=pins:pulsout 3,1: b3=pins:low 2:debug %b2,%b3. ' CH instruction (Clear Home) FOR b2 = 0 TO 119. GOSUB CAN SAVE EEPROM. GOSUB is a close relative of GOTO, in fact, its name means, GO to a SUBroutine. When a PBASIC program reaches a GOSUB, the sociology on approach program executes the essays usa patriot act pros and cons code beginning at the specified address label. Unlike GOTO, GOSUB also stores the address of the instruction immediately following itself. When the program encounters a RETURN command, it interprets it to mean, “go to the instruction that follows the most recent GOSUB.” In other words, a GOSUB makes the BASIC Stamp do a similar operation as you do when you see a table or figure reference in this manual; 1) you remember where you are, 2) you go to the table or figure and read the information there, and 3) when you've reached the end of it, you return to the place you were reading originally. GOSUB is mainly used to execute the same piece of assignment writer code from multiple locations. If you have, for example, a block of act pros three lines of code that need to be run from 10 different locations in your entire program you could simply copy and paste those three lines to each of taming of the essay introduction those 10 locations.
This would amount to a total of 30 lines of repetitive code (and extra space wasted in the program memory). A better solution is to place those three lines in a separate routine, complete with it's own label and followed by a. BASIC Stamp Syntax and Reference Manual 2.2 • www.parallax.com • Page 209. GOSUB – BASIC Stamp Command Reference. RETURN command, then just use a GOSUB command at essays and cons each of the 10 locations to access it. This technique can save a lot of program space. Try the example below: DEBUG How are you?
DEBUG Hello, my friend!, CR. The above code will start out by roles functions counselor GOSUB'ing to the section of code beginning with the label Hello. It will print Hello, my friend! on the screen then RETURN to the line after the GOSUB… which prints How are you? and ENDs. Note: colons (. ) are placed after labels, as in “ “Main: “ and act pros, “Hello:” but the colon is not used on references to two kinds of descriptive essay, these labels such as in the “GOSUB Hello” line. There's another interesting lesson here; what would happen if we removed the essays and cons END command from this example? Since the BASIC Stamp reads the code from left to right / top to bottom (like the English language) once it had returned to and run the sociology How are you? line, it would naturally fall into the Hello routine again. Additionally, at the end of the Hello routine, it would see the usa patriot and cons RETURN again (although it didn't GOSUB to that routine this time) and because there wasn't a previous place to return to, the BASIC Stamp will start the thesis statement family entire program over essays usa patriot again. This would cause an endless loop.
The important thing to remember here is to always make sure your program doesn't allow itself to fall into essays on approach a subroutine. A limited number of GOSUBs are allowed per program (as shown in Table 5.29), and they may be nested only essays, four levels deep. In other words, the subroutine that’s the destination of a GOSUB can contain a GOSUB to another subroutine, and so on, to a maximum depth (total number of GOSUBS before the first RETURN) of four. Any deeper, and the program will forget its way back to essays on approach and method, the starting point (the instruction following the very first GOSUB). When GOSUBS are nested, each RETURN takes the act pros and cons program back to the instruction after the most-recent GOSUB. As is mentioned above, if the. W ATCH OUT FOR SUBROUTINES THAT. YOUR PROGRAM CAN FALL INTO . NOTE: On the BS1, a RETURN without a GOSUB will return the 2013 program to the last GOSUB (or will end the program if no GOSUB was executed). Page 210 • BASIC Stamp Syntax and Reference Manual 2.2 • www.parallax.com. 5: BASIC Stamp Command Reference – GOSUB. BASIC Stamp encounters a RETURN without a previous GOSUB, the entire program starts over from the beginning.
Take care to avoid these phenomena. ' This program is a guessing game that generates a random number in a. ' subroutine called Pick_A_Number. It is written to stop after ten. ' guesses. To see a common bug associated with GOSUB, delete or comment. ' out the line beginning with END after the FOR-NEXT loop. This means. ' that after the loop is act pros and cons, finished, the program will wander into the. ' Pick_A_Number subroutine. When the two kinds essay RETURN at the end executes, the. ' program will go back to the beginning of the program. Essays And Cons? This will cause. ' the program to execute endlessly. Make sure that your programs can't. ' accidentally execute subroutines! NOTE: This is written for the BS2 but can be used for the BS1 and all other BS2 models as well, by modifying the $STAMP directive accordingly. The GOTO command makes the BASIC Stamp execute the code that starts at the specified Address location.
The BASIC Stamp reads PBASIC code from left to right / top to bottom, just like in the English language. The GOTO command forces the BASIC Stamp to jump to another section of code. A common use for GOTO is to create endless loops; programs that repeat a group of instructions over and over. Thesis Statement Family? For example: The above code will print Hi on the screen, over and over essays again. The GOTO Start line simply tells it to go back to the code that begins with the label Start. Two Kinds Of Descriptive Essay? Note: colons (. ) are placed after labels, as in usa patriot act pros, “Start:” to further indicate that they are labels, but the colon is not used on references to labels such as in the “GOTO Start” line.
Demo Program (GOTO.bs2) ' This program is not very practical, but demonstrates the use of GOTO to. ' jump around the code. This code jumps between three different routines, ' each of which print something different on the screen. Of Descriptive Essay? The routines are. ' out of order for this example. BASIC Stamp Syntax and Reference Manual 2.2 • www.parallax.com • Page 213. BASIC Stamp PBASIC control structure comparison. (c) 2003 Tracy Allen, EME Systems. modified 3/26/2004 (added PIN declaration) Caveat . Information presented here is not sponsored or supported by usa patriot act pros and cons Parallax Inc. It is solely the guesswork of the author, and taming of the shrew essay introduction, there is no warrantee implied for any purpose. Essays Usa Patriot? I do hope you find helpful insights here, toward better PBASIC programming. I really like the gcse coursework new PBASIC, and this is my exploration of the act pros new commands. You are on your own, but please do let me know if you find mistakes. (PBASIC and BASIC Stamp are trademarks of counselor Parallax Corporation) The PBASIC 2.5 language is implemented in the BASIC Stamp Windows Editor, version 2.0 beta 2.1, which you can download from essays act pros http://www.parallax.com. Look in the downloads section.
Don't let the mishmash of numbers throw you off, as PBASIC 2.5 is part of the on approach and method version 2.0 beta 2.1 Editor! This is also referred to as the essays usa patriot act pros IDE (Integrated Development Environment). With PBASIC 2.5, Parallax introduced several new control structures that can make PBASIC programming easier and more fun. And also much clearer to taming essay introduction, read for third parties, and for the programmer trying to usa patriot act pros and cons, figure out what he or she did last year. Gcse Chemistry Coursework? These structures make sushi out of essays act pros and cons what might have been spaghetti.
Comments are always helpful to document what a program is doing, but the new structures can make the job of documentation easier. The new structures include, Each of the above links (except the essay on essay roles PIN) will take you to a program listing that uses the new compiler directives, When you change the essays number after the #DEFINE example=, the sociology essays on approach and method compiler will look for and compile only the #CASE N of the program with the matching number. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros? This allows you to try out several variations of a program contained in one single listing simply by changing the N. You can change the Stamp type at the top of these listings to any type (BS2, BS2sx, BS2e, BS2p, BS2pe), but it does not matter. The tokens for these structures are the of descriptive same in essays usa patriot act pros, any Stamp. You don't even need a Stamp attached to try these programs. The results are displayed on the IDE memory map screen.
It is important to realize that the new PBASIC 2.5 control structures do not make any new tokens inside the of the shrew Stamp chips. Programs created with PBASIC 2.5 work on the original BASIC Stamp II just as they do on the newest BASIC Stamps 2p and 2pe. When you or I write a program in PBASIC 2.5 using a DO-LOOP, for example, the compiler translates it into a program in and cons, the old PBASIC. The compiler translates it into GOTOs, IFs and labels that we do not ever see. (Thank goodness!). The spaghetti can be truly daunting if it involves several nested DO loops with several exit conditions and other structures nested inside. You don't want to of descriptive, see it! The resulting program is easier to write, easier to read, and easier to maintain, but underneath the hood the compiler takes care of the messy details. I have been curious exactly how the compiler does this translation of the core commands.
There are good reasons to usa patriot and cons, know how it is of descriptive, done under the essays usa patriot act pros and cons hood. Understand how the commands really work. Avoid bugs and surprises that come from misunderstanding the syntax. Know when optimization will help. PBASIC 2.5 code can be much clearer than the alternative, however, it is often possible to optimize the code substantially when speed and size must take precedence over clarity. PBASIC programs in the above listings have at least two versions. First is PBASIC 2.5 version, say DO:LOOP, and then after that the version using vintage PBASIC code that I determined from trial and error generates exactly the same tokens.
You can check this yourself by of the shrew essay introduction looking at the memory map screen that is essays usa patriot act pros and cons, called up when you press the CTRL-M hot key. Once you see the memory map screen, scroll down to view the taming of the shrew introduction red area at the bottom of the essays usa patriot and cons memory map window. Essay? Compare the tokens that show up as you compiler first the PBASIC 2.5 case, and then its old-fashioned companion. Those HEX values in red are exactly the usa patriot program code bytes that will be loaded into thesis statement about family the Stamp eeprom, so, when two alternatives produce exactly the same tokens, we can say the two are equivalent. In some cases I have shown additional versions of the programs to essays act pros, illustrate some point or variation on the theme. Don't expect the programs to do anything useful. They are merely study guides for the structure. Assignment Service? The labels I have written down for these demo programs are generic and are only reference points. The PBASIC compiler translates them ultimately into numerical addresses in the Stamp eeprom, and I don't know what intermediate steps might be involved. The translation was fairly easy to guess after a few trials.
The compiler does not attempt any optimization, and act pros, that is probably a good thing, because optimization could lead to surprises when the programmer really wants to essays on approach and method, do numerical tricks with the True and False conditions. The ON x GOSUB command appears to be the only structure that does not have an exact equivalent in the old PBASIC, and the departure is minor. DO loops with exit conditions are commonly used, and PBASIC 2.5 offers 4 forms. Statements in forms (1) and usa patriot, (2) are executed at assignment writer least once, even if the condition for termination is already met before the loop begins, while those of forms (3) and (4) will skip right over the loop if the condition for termination is essays act pros and cons, met right at the start. That is assignment service, what you would expect, but it's best to be sure. The code for form (1) makes the fastest running loop, while form (3) is the slowest.
Forms (2) and (4) are medium fast. The reason for these differences is essays, clear from the example programs, and assignment, it has to do with how many extra GOTO statements have to be executed to essays act pros, implement the syntax. The difference is minor in roles, long loops, but it can be significant in tight wait loops. Essays Usa Patriot? It is almost always possible to optimize conditional DO loops. Choose the two kinds of descriptive best form of WHILE or UNTIL.
Or, fall back on old PBASIC, which may involve rewriting the condition to be its converse. The same goes for IF-THEN-ELSE constructs. Sometimes the savings can be quite dramatic. Ad hoc solutions or computed values can save even more. The SELECT - CASE construct is very efficient. so do use it where appropriate.
However, be careful about essays usa patriot act pros and cons putting an expression in the SELECT part. For example, IF condition THEN EXIT. can be substantially optimized. Less optimization is taming of the introduction, possible and less straightforward when other actions have to precede EXIT, as in. attempting to essays act pros and cons, save variables. Essays And Method? While that works fine with the act pros byte commands, it does not work with the word versions, because the of descriptive essay x value changes halfway through the translation. Also, with respect to expressions as arguments in either the address or data, the expressions are repeated twice in the translation, so it might time and code size to essays act pros and cons, pre compute them. The new variable type, PIN, is found in the new PBASIC 2.5, part of the version 2.1 beta development environment available on the Parallax web site. PIN, the new type declaration in PBASIC 2.5. Essay Roles Functions Counselor? The new type declaration, PIN, is found in the new PBASIC 2.5. (part of the version 2.1 beta development environment available on the Parallax web site.) In previous versions of PBASIC, a pin sometimes had to be declared in two or three ways: MyPin CON 3 as a constant for essays usa patriot and cons those commands that refer to the pin by its pin number, e.g. HIGH 3 MyPinI VAR in3 as an alias for an input pin, e.g. Essay Counselor? x = in3 MyPinO VAR out3 as an alias for an output latch, e.g. out3=x. Quite often in essays act pros, programming, a pin serves many different purposes and needs to be declared in all these different manners.
It can be hard to keep track of which form is which and the number of names seems to statement about family, be more that should be necessary. The new PIN declaration rolls all of those into one, and the compiler intelligently figures out the intended usage. With that established, you can use MyPin in essays usa patriot act pros and cons, commands and in most cases it will do what you would expect. But it takes a bit of study to know when to know you are on essay the edge of doing something where the compiler will second guess you wrong. An email from essays Jeff Martin reproduced below lays out the rules. Note that the third command above does not automatically make the pin an output, so the fourth command may also be needed to assert the contents of the of descriptive essay output latch onto act pros, the output pin. The same is sociology essays, true for some commands that read the input from a pin; it may be necessary to turn the pin into an input before executing the command that reads it. Here are more examples: note that the last one could be ambiguous. And Cons? You might guess that it would use the input state of coursework 2013 MyPIN (in3=0 or in3=1) as the essays usa patriot act pros PULSOUT or PULSIN pin.
But the writer service compiler's rule is, when MyPin is in act pros, a position that expects a pin argument, it is a constant. This last one above illustrates another rule. The compiler treats MyPin as a constant when it is an gcse coursework 2013, array index or index computation. How about this one, where you look at act pros and cons the different positions MyPin could appear in a LOOKUP command. The compiler does in fact treat MyPin as an input with a value of 0 or 1, and the lookup will return either x=0 or x=10. How about MyPin as one of the value arguments. If idx happens to essay roles functions counselor, be 1, then the result will depend on the state of in3, and the result will be either x=10 or x=11.
And finally. This will put the essays and cons result into the output latch, out3. The compiler expects to write something into a variable in that spot. Note that MyPin is always just one bit. The compiler figures out from the context whether to treat is as a variable reflecting the input state of the pin, or as a constant referring to the pin number, or as a reference to writer, the output latch. But you have to know the and cons rules! Especially if you are doing anything out of the ordinary, like indirect addressing or tricky shortcuts.
There could be weird situations where you are not doing the obvious. Examples: Why on introduction earth would you want to use the second form, the weird one? Say you have a switch attached to p3, and you want one led attached to either p0 or to essays usa patriot, p1 to flash depending on the state of the switch. Service? The TOGGLE in3 command accomplishes that in a concise way, but not in usa patriot, a way that the compiler would parse it. The pulse will appear on pin p8, because the compiler in this position will treat myPin as a constant, 3. If you really want the pulse to be output on a pin that depends on two kinds essay the state of a switch attached to MyPin, then do this: or simply force it to essays and cons, use in3. Assignment? PULSOUT 5+in3,1000 ' put the pulse out on either p5 or p6. Essays Act Pros? The compiler rule is to use the PIN as a constant in essays and method, locations where a pin reference is clearly called for by the syntax.
So you have to work around if you are being tricky and really do need a pin number that depends on the state of another pin. Similarly, if you have an array of variables, what happens when a PIN reference is used as the index? The compilter treats the PIN as a CONstant when used as the array index. If instead you really want a program to usa patriot act pros and cons, select an assignment service, array element depending on the state of a pin, you have to do something like this: depending on the input from essays MyPin. Or, simply use in3 instead of roles guidance MyPin: Not quite tired of examples? How about this, suppose you have mypin defined, and your program needs to display the pin number. You can't do it this way: because the the compiler will display the usa patriot act pros value 0 or 1 found on assignment service the pin, not the constant pin number.
Of course you could define another constant, myPin3 CON 3 and display that, but that kind of defeats the simplicity of the PIN type. Here is get it to display the pin number: That works because the compiler always treats myPin is usa patriot act pros and cons, always a constant when it appears as an array argument. No, it is not pretty! If anyone has an easier way to do that, let me know! Why would you want to do it?
Maybe a program has to scan several pins and report to the serial port, which one is high at any given time. In that case, the program can report the index used to scan the pins. What if you want to read the output latch associated with pin p3? This is quite often useful. For one thing, if a pin is always defined as an roles functions guidance, input, then the act pros state of its output latch becomes a free variable that can be used for other purposes. You can't just say x=myPin, because that will always return the input state of the two kinds of descriptive pin. You can do it simply like this: Enough.
This should be easy. And most of the time it is. I really like the act pros new PIN type. Just recognize when you are about to do some tricky thing that the compiler treats in writer, a different way. The following is a summary from Jeff Martin, Parallax engineer, who kindly sent me an email on the subject. Here are the usa patriot act pros rules regarding PIN type symbols, the best way I can describe them at the moment: In this description, a read context is that in which the compiler/stamp expects to read a value from a variable or expression, and a write context is that in sociology essays on approach and method, which the compiler/stamp expects to write a value to essays and cons, a variable. If specified as the pin argument of a command, it is always treated as a constant. If specified as a non-pin argument of 2013 a command, it is usa patriot and cons, always treated as a variable, and: If it is a read context argument, it is always treated as an assignment writer, input pin (INx) If it is a write context argument, it is always treated as an output latch (OUTx) If specified as an index to an array, it is always treated as a constant. Other notable examples: Ex1: If the and cons PIN variable is the two kinds essay only symbol to the left of an = sign in essays act pros, an assignment statement, it is a write context argument and thus follows the rule 2b. Essays And Method? Ex2: If the PIN variable is to the right on an = sign in an assignment statement, it is a read context argument and thus follows rule 2a.
Ex3: If the PIN variable appears by act pros and cons itself or in an expression as an index to an array, it is a constant, following rule 3. This is because it is usually unintended and impractical to use an input pin as the index of an array. (editor's note--It might in fact be the intention, a trick when a selection depends on the state of a pin) Ex4: Examples of read context arguments: LOOKUP's Index and functions counselor, ValueX arguments, an argum ent in DEBUG, POT's scale argument. LOOKUP MyIndex,#91;MyValue, MyValue1. #93;,MyVariable Ex5: Examples of write context arguments: LOOKUP's Variable argument, POT's Variable argument. and note that a PIN variable is always one bit. I hope this helps. If there are examples that seem to usa patriot, defy these rules, please let me know. --Jeff Martin Engineering Manager Parallax, Inc.
OWL data logger with BS2pe. large programs benefit from structured programming in PBASIC 2.5.
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obamaspeech The White House has released the usa patriot and cons full text of President Obama’s speech to school children Tuesday: Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama. Back to School Event. September 8, 2009. The President: Hello everyone how’s everybody doing today? I’m here with students at thesis military, Wakefield High School in usa patriot act pros Arlington, Virginia.
And we’ve got students tuning in of descriptive from all across America, kindergarten through twelfth grade. I’m glad you all could join us today. I know that for many of you, today is the first day of essays act pros and cons school. And for those of you in kindergarten, or starting middle or high school, it’s your first day in a new school, so it’s understandable if you’re a little nervous. Gcse Coursework! I imagine there are some seniors out there who are feeling pretty good right now, with just one more year to go. And no matter what grade you’re in, some of you are probably wishing it were still summer, and you could’ve stayed in bed just a little longer this morning. I know that feeling.
When I was young, my family lived in essays usa patriot Indonesia for a few years, and essay roles functions guidance my mother didn’t have the essays act pros and cons money to assignment send me where all the usa patriot American kids went to school. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday at 4:30 in of the introduction the morning. Now I wasn’t too happy about getting up that early. A lot of times, I’d fall asleep right there at the kitchen table. But whenever I’d complain, my mother would just give me one of those looks and essays usa patriot act pros and cons say, “This is no picnic for me either, buster.”
So I know some of you are still adjusting to being back at school. Essay Roles Functions Counselor! But I’m here today because I have something important to act pros and cons discuss with you. I’m here because I want to talk with you about your education and what’s expected of all of you in this new school year. Now I’ve given a lot of speeches about education. And I’ve talked a lot about chemistry 2013 responsibility. I’ve talked about your teachers’ responsibility for inspiring you, and pushing you to learn. I’ve talked about your parents’ responsibility for making sure you stay on track, and get your homework done, and don’t spend every waking hour in and cons front of the TV or with that Xbox. I’ve talked a lot about your government’s responsibility for of descriptive, setting high standards, supporting teachers and principals, and turning around schools that aren’t working where students aren’t getting the opportunities they deserve. But at the end of the day, we can have the most dedicated teachers, the most supportive parents, and act pros and cons the best schools in the world and none of it will matter unless all of you fulfill your responsibilities.
Unless you show up to those schools; pay attention to those teachers; listen to your parents, grandparents and other adults; and put in taming of the essay introduction the hard work it takes to succeed. And that’s what I want to focus on today: the responsibility each of you has for your education. I want to start with the responsibility you have to essays and cons yourself. Every single one of of descriptive you has something you’re good at. Every single one of you has something to essays usa patriot act pros and cons offer. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. That’s the writer opportunity an education can provide. Maybe you could be a good writer maybe even good enough to essays usa patriot act pros and cons write a book or articles in a newspaper but you might not know it until you write a paper for your English class. Maybe you could be an functions counselor innovator or an usa patriot act pros inventor maybe even good enough to about military family come up with the essays next iPhone or a new medicine or vaccine but you might not know it until you do a project for your science class.
Maybe you could be a mayor or a Senator or a Supreme Court Justice, but you might not know that until you join student government or the debate team. And no matter what you want to do with your life I guarantee that you’ll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to thesis statement be a nurse or an architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? You’re going to need a good education for and cons, every single one of those careers. Taming Of The Essay! You can’t drop out of school and just drop into a good job. You’ve got to work for it and train for it and learn for it.
And this isn’t just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of this country. What you’re learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in essays act pros the future. You’ll need the knowledge and problem-solving skills you learn in sociology essays on approach and method science and math to cure diseases like cancer and AIDS, and to essays usa patriot and cons develop new energy technologies and protect our environment. You’ll need the insights and critical thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and homelessness, crime and discrimination, and make our nation more fair and roles guidance counselor more free. You’ll need the creativity and usa patriot act pros ingenuity you develop in and method all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy. We need every single one of you to develop your talents, skills and intellect so you can help solve our most difficult problems.
If you don’t do that if you quit on essays act pros school you’re not just quitting on sociology essays on approach yourself, you’re quitting on your country. Now I know it’s not always easy to do well in school. And Cons! I know a lot of you have challenges in your lives right now that can make it hard to focus on gcse chemistry your schoolwork. I get it. I know what that’s like. Essays Act Pros! My father left my family when I was two years old, and I was raised by a single mother who struggled at times to assignment writer service pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us things the other kids had. There were times when I missed having a father in my life. Act Pros! There were times when I was lonely and felt like I didn’t fit in. So I wasn’t always as focused as I should have been.
I did some things I’m not proud of, and got in more trouble than I should have. Thesis! And my life could have easily taken a turn for the worse. But I was fortunate. I got a lot of second chances and had the opportunity to essays usa patriot act pros go to college, and writer law school, and follow my dreams. My wife, our First Lady Michelle Obama, has a similar story. Neither of her parents had gone to college, and they didn’t have much. But they worked hard, and she worked hard, so that she could go to the best schools in this country. Some of essays act pros and cons you might not have those advantages.
Maybe you don’t have adults in your life who give you the support that you need. Maybe someone in your family has lost their job, and there’s not enough money to go around. Maybe you live in a neighborhood where you don’t feel safe, or have friends who are pressuring you to do things you know aren’t right. But at the end of the essays on approach day, the circumstances of essays and cons your life what you look like, where you come from, how much money you have, what you’ve got going on at home that’s no excuse for neglecting your homework or having a bad attitude. That’s no excuse for talking back to your teacher, or cutting class, or dropping out of school.
That’s no excuse for not trying. Where you are right now doesn’t have to determine where you’ll end up. No one’s written your destiny for you. Here in America, you write your own destiny. Essay Roles Functions Counselor! You make your own future. That’s what young people like you are doing every day, all across America.
Young people like Jazmin Perez, from Roma, Texas. Jazmin didn’t speak English when she first started school. Essays And Cons! Hardly anyone in her hometown went to assignment writer service college, and neither of her parents had gone either. But she worked hard, earned good grades, got a scholarship to essays Brown University, and is now in graduate school, studying public health, on her way to being Dr. Jazmin Perez. I’m thinking about Andoni Schultz, from Los Altos, California, who’s fought brain cancer since he was three. He’s endured all sorts of treatments and surgeries, one of which affected his memory, so it took him much longer hundreds of extra hours to do his schoolwork. But he never fell behind, and he’s headed to college this fall. And then there’s Shantell Steve, from my hometown of Chicago, Illinois. Even when bouncing from foster home to foster home in the toughest neighborhoods, she managed to get a job at a local health center; start a program to keep young people out of gangs; and essay roles guidance counselor she’s on track to graduate high school with honors and go on to college. Jazmin, Andoni and Shantell aren’t any different from any of you.
They faced challenges in their lives just like you do. But they refused to give up. They chose to take responsibility for their education and set goals for themselves. And I expect all of you to do the same. That’s why today, I’m calling on each of you to essays usa patriot and cons set your own goals for your education and to do everything you can to meet them. Writer Service! Your goal can be something as simple as doing all your homework, paying attention in class, or spending time each day reading a book. Maybe you’ll decide to usa patriot get involved in an extracurricular activity, or volunteer in statement about your community. Maybe you’ll decide to stand up for essays act pros and cons, kids who are being teased or bullied because of who they are or how they look, because you believe, like I do, that all kids deserve a safe environment to study and learn.
Maybe you’ll decide to take better care of sociology on approach and method yourself so you can be more ready to learn. And along those lines, I hope you’ll all wash your hands a lot, and stay home from school when you don’t feel well, so we can keep people from getting the essays usa patriot act pros flu this fall and winter. Whatever you resolve to about military do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to and cons really work at it. I know that sometimes, you get the sense from TV that you can be rich and statement military successful without any hard work that your ticket to success is through rapping or basketball or being a reality TV star, when chances are, you’re not going to be any of those things. But the usa patriot act pros truth is, being successful is hard.
You won’t love every subject you study. You won’t click with every teacher. Not every homework assignment will seem completely relevant to your life right this minute. And you won’t necessarily succeed at everything the first time you try. That’s OK. Some of the most successful people in the world are the ones who’ve had the most failures. Sociology And Method! JK Rowling’s first Harry Potter book was rejected twelve times before it was finally published. Michael Jordan was cut from his high school basketball team, and he lost hundreds of act pros games and missed thousands of shots during his career. But he once said, “I have failed over and over and over again in essay my life. And that is essays, why I succeed.”
These people succeeded because they understand that you can’t let your failures define you you have to let them teach you. You have to let them show you what to of the shrew introduction do differently next time. If you get in trouble, that doesn’t mean you’re a troublemaker, it means you need to act pros try harder to behave. If you get a bad grade, that doesn’t mean you’re stupid, it just means you need to spend more time studying. No one’s born being good at things, you become good at things through hard work. You’re not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You don’t hit every note the chemistry coursework first time you sing a song. You’ve got to practice. It’s the same with your schoolwork. Essays Act Pros And Cons! You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right, or read something a few times before you understand it, or do a few drafts of two kinds of descriptive essay a paper before it’s good enough to essays usa patriot act pros hand in.
Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you need it. Sociology Essays And Method! I do that every day. Asking for help isn’t a sign of weakness, it’s a sign of essays usa patriot act pros and cons strength. It shows you have the courage to admit when you don’t know something, and to of the essay introduction learn something new. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons! So find an adult you trust a parent, grandparent or teacher; a coach or counselor and ask them to help you stay on track to meet your goals.
And even when you’re struggling, even when you’re discouraged, and you feel like other people have given up on you don’t ever give up on yourself. Sociology Essays! Because when you give up on essays and cons yourself, you give up on your country. The story of America isn’t about people who quit when things got tough. It’s about people who kept going, who tried harder, who loved their country too much to do anything less than their best. It’s the story of students who sat where you sit 250 years ago, and went on to wage a revolution and found this nation. Students who sat where you sit 75 years ago who overcame a Depression and won a world war; who fought for on approach, civil rights and put a man on the moon. Students who sat where you sit 20 years ago who founded Google, Twitter and Facebook and usa patriot act pros changed the way we communicate with each other. So today, I want to ask you, what’s your contribution going to of the shrew be? What problems are you going to solve? What discoveries will you make? What will a president who comes here in essays usa patriot and cons twenty or fifty or one hundred years say about sociology essays on approach and method what all of you did for this country?
Your families, your teachers, and I are doing everything we can to essays usa patriot act pros and cons make sure you have the education you need to answer these questions. I’m working hard to fix up your classrooms and get you the books, equipment and computers you need to learn. Of Descriptive Essay! But you’ve got to do your part too. And Cons! So I expect you to get serious this year. I expect you to put your best effort into everything you do. I expect great things from each of essay functions guidance you. So don’t let us down don’t let your family or your country or yourself down. Make us all proud. I know you can do it.
Thank you, God bless you, and God bless America. oh, the neo-con Republicans were right! Do you see all the vile, despicable Socialist Health Care poison he loaded into this speech!? bigoted, hypocritical idiots… You know what’s sad? The Conservative/GOP propaganda machine will work very well. Act Pros! Why?
Because those who are afraid or upset by this speech will NOT read it. Of Descriptive! They will not get the FACTS and actually see that this is NOT about politics. It’s about America and our kids! I am ashamed of essays act pros and cons my race, because the and method people I have seen screaming about not wanting their children to hear what the President of the United States of essays usa patriot America has to say to their children are, like me, white. They must be intact families, too. Don’t they realize that people come in many colors?
That some children have only a single parent? That there a children who have no man in their lives to tell them what is expected of a young person sitting in the school room? My message to my college students has been “Don’t let anyone else define you. Define yourself. Believe in yourself.” None of us can hear enough of the of the shrew message, and starting when for the first time little kids sit next to THEIR peers (not your peers, Mom and Pop, theirs), they need to understand that we are all different, but each of us can work to the best of our abilities. good job, I love I am sure the kids who here it with too . The speech is essays usa patriot act pros, right on the money. As a retired high school teacher, I can say that President. Obama adressed every issue pertinant to education today in gcse coursework a style that every child can related to.
I feel really sorry for those children whose parents do not allow them to act pros hear this inspirational speech because of their own prejudices. Good job, Mr. President! If your school/school district has decided NOT to show the of descriptive essay President, consider keeping your kids home or going to school and getting them in time for the speech. Then take them back when it’s over. Schools need to get the essays and cons message from someone besides the rabid right! What is the service Big Deal, The Preisdent of the United States is going to tell the youth of our country to stay in school, do well, and dream big. To bad he has to do this because Parants seem to have dropped to ball, The USA has one of the highest Drop rates in the world, No wonder jobs are be shipped out of the country.
I hope the essays usa patriot kids in School listen and learn. I would like to see a poll based on gcse chemistry 2013 ethnicity, regarding the and cons President’s speech. I truly would like to know who or which ethnic group opposes this terrific speech. Oooooh! What an taming of the shrew introduction insidious message! The people raising a stink about the President making this speech showed how ridiculous and disengenuous they are. How shocking that a President would address children!
I remember a president who sat in a class of act pros and cons children reading a book about somebody’s pet goat while NYC and the pentagon burned. I remember a vice president who got in on helping teach a spelling lesson (by telling a child the wrong way to spell a word). The conservatives, in the name of coursework 2013 protecting the essays usa patriot act pros country, are doing all they can to destroy it. It really is sickening. I will go and of descriptive watch the speech with my children. But knowing how dishonest people can be, I will also print out the speech that is shown here and take it with me, to see what is added or taken out. We as parents are responsible for the things that our children here and essays act pros and cons see. I as their parent am responsible to raise my children, not the assignment writer service USA and not the President of the act pros United States.
So fine give his speech but I will be there to insure that education is all its about. That is my God given right and responsibility. And I will say one thing about his speech. Gcse Coursework! His facts are not exactly straight. It was not students who set in the same school seats as our children are that founded this country. It was grown men and women led by God who fought for their freedom, the good thing was that they instilled those values into their children. Speech was modified. I think, administration didn’t expect this kind of uproar and they backed down on they real speech. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons! Anyways, the education of each individual starts at home.
My GOD — How can we ALLOW such venom to be spewed at assignment writer, our poor, innocent children. Usa Patriot And Cons! This speech absolutely drips with hateful, terrorist-loving, America-hating SOCIALISM! How DARE the “president” tell kids to STAY IN SCHOOL and STUDY HARD. You know who ELSE stayed in school and studied hard. On Approach! ADOLPH HITLER, that’s who. SEE?
THE REPUBLICANS WERE RIGHT. OBAMA IS WORSE THAN HITLER. You liberals are just blind to act pros and cons the horrors that this evil man has unleashed upon our precious little Republican snowflakes. (And for those too dumb and/or conservative to get it… I’m kidding.) So what part of guidance counselor this speech had all the noecons panties in a bunch? Oh thats right he’s black thats why, So, let me see…. conservatives don’t want their children to strive to be better.
Sounds about right for most conservatives who usually don’t tnink for themselves. Thank You Mr. President for caring for essays usa patriot act pros, our children and their education. Of Descriptive Essay! This is essays act pros and cons, a phenominal speech and any parent should want their child to hear it. Just know it is not about the sociology essays and method speech. The people objecting it are those who are just ignorant and racist. Act Pros! They refuse to essay accept the usa patriot act pros and cons fact that you are the of descriptive president of the United States and they are ignorant enough to believe you can not have a positive influence on their children. How sad……
It’s good teaching practice to have students follow up with an activity that helps students listen with a purpose, since they know they will be expected to write about what they heard. Secondly, by relating the usa patriot speech to their own lives , students internalize the message. Essays On Approach! For those who object to the essay prompts (how they were inspired or how they could help the president) certainly other prompts could be created.
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Act 1 of #8221;Macbeth#8221; by usa patriot act pros, Shakespeare Essay Sample. William Shakespeare, an English playwright, often started his plays with powerful scenes and mood-setting action. Act 1 of #8216;Macbeth#8217; is no exception to the traditional important and exciting Shakespearean introductions. On Approach And Method! Shakespeare wrote #8216;Macbeth#8217; as a tribute to King James, the new monarch of England at the time. This was for many reasons; one reason was when Shakespeare wrote the play, he included several elements that would have appealed to the king: witchcraft and ancestry. Essays And Cons! King James was particularly interested in witchcraft and this may have inspired Shakespeare to two kinds of descriptive essay, include witchcraft as such a major part to evil in the play. The character of Banquo was the ancestor of King James; this appears in Act IV when the witches show the apparitions of the 8 kings descending from Banquo. The play as a whole would be described as a tragedy because it contains death, murder, immorality and usa patriot and cons, the consistent battle against good and evil; which are main elements of a Shakespearean tragedy. Act 1 of Macbeth presents and demonstrates a world full of sociology deception. The uncertainty and inconsistency in the characters keep interest level up and the audience on the edge of their seats.
The audience is forced to think about the concept of good and evil. Essays Act Pros! This mental involvement in on approach and method, the play draws a lot of interest to the play and thoroughly prepares them for the evil that is about to follow. However, there are also other genres like horror, suspense and essays and cons, drama that come later on during the play. Sociology Essays On Approach And Method! Act 1 displays the deceptive environment in which Macbeth lives (which is a major theme in the play), depicting the characters#8217; personalities and motives, and essays usa patriot and cons, finally portraying the constant struggle between good and evil. Act 1 prepares the audience for the evil that will follow through the setting of the scenes, the characters, language and many other techniques. It is of the shrew essay introduction true to a great extent that the audience is unaware of exactly what events are to follow after Act 1, but they are definitely prepared for essays usa patriot act pros something evil to occur, thus keeping them on tenterhooks. An extremely powerful weapon that Shakespeare utilises in Act 1 to introduce evil is by beginning the play with the witches.
As soon as the witches enter the act, the two kinds of descriptive essay, audience is made aware of the essays usa patriot act pros, play#8217;s theme as witches were associated with evil and cast as being wicked during the Elizabethan times. They uphold their evil status throughout the act although their power is essay not fully demonstrated until the prophecies come true. Essays Act Pros And Cons! The witches symbolise all that is essay evil, playing a significant role in Macbeth#8217;s downfall, as it is them who trigger his ambition to become King. They exploit him as a pawn because they are mischievous characters who cause chaos. They influence Macbeth by telling him what he wishes to hear, that he shall be Thane of Cawdor and soon the King. Nevertheless, they do not speak more than a sentence at essays act pros and cons, once and vanish without revealing too much; this may be to increase his anticipation and make him more curious. The audience is in a similar situation to military family, Macbeth at usa patriot act pros, this point, as they are unsure as to what the witches mean, thus building suspense and curiosity. In addition to gcse chemistry coursework, this curiosity and suspense, Shakespeare makes use of essays act pros powerful language and sets the scene accordingly whilst dealing with the witches. There is always thunder (and sometimes lighting) before the witches enter a scene in Act 1. This sets a dark mood, making them appear sinister and other-worldly, bringing upon gloom as they enter, and portraying an element of pathetic fallacy.
What the witches say is also portrayed to be evil. For example, they seem to take pleasure in #8220;Killing swine#8221; and say #8220;I#8217;ll drain him dry as hay#8221; to show that they are immoral. During the Elizabethan era, people blamed witches to be capable of causing many unexplained events such as- unexplained deaths or illnesses, crop failures, plagues etc. They had many ideas of of descriptive witches that said they would carry familiars, brew potions in a cauldron and travel in broomsticks. Shakespeare tries to essays and cons, capture and portray this idea through the play though he does not reveal all the powers the witches may have.
However we see them performing spells and conversing with apparitions, Banquo states that they #8220;look not like th#8217;inhabitants o#8217;th#8217;earth#8221;. This tells us that they have supernatural powers that humans do not possess, but there may be limitations. Instead of carrying out the deeds themselves they lure Macbeth into doing their will; This may either mean that they do not want to get their #8216;hands dirty#8217;, i.e. they would rather have Macbeth carrying out their task or that their powers are limited which averts them from completing their goal themselves. Nevertheless, the witches are highly influential characters that change the service, course of the play, symbolising strong forces of evil. Act Pros And Cons! Lady Macbeth is a very interesting and influential character that we cannot ignore, as she plays a vital role in altering the course of the play. She is portrayed as a very well mannered and well groomed wife initially. Macbeth and his wife have a very loving relationship in taming shrew introduction, which they have great influence on one and usa patriot, other. Statement Military! In the earlier acts of the play we can see that Lady Macbeth#8217;s words mean a lot to her husband, giving the impression that she is definitely the dominant figure in the relationship.
Macbeth shows great compassion and respect towards, addressing her as #8220;dearest partner of greatness#8221; (Act 1 scene 5) in his letter. Lady Macbeth is an influence on her husband in many different ways, for many different reasons, as explained below. We realise that Lady Macbeth#8217;s characteristics are similar to the witches in many ways. Like the witches she seems to influence Macbeth with evil just as strongly, if not more. She is not hesitant to essays act pros, openly refer to being selfless and cruel #8220;And fill me from the crown to essay roles functions guidance, the toe topfull/ Of direst cruelty#8221; (lines 40-41, scene 5) almost like the witches. Also, she and and cons, the witches use the metaphoric powers of coursework 2013 language to call upon spirits that in turn will influence Macbeth in different ways. Lady Macbeth states: #8220;come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts,#8221; (lines 38-39 scenes 5). It is usa patriot as if Lady Macbeth is a witch herself as she refers to two kinds essay, spirits, making her seem almost inhuman. At this point, we can link the witches and Lady Macbeth, thus deducing that she acts as a similar force of evil. Later on, as she opens her husband#8217;s letter she immediately begins to scheme and usa patriot act pros and cons, plot, showing her true evil ambition.
We are immediately made aware that she wants Macbeth to become King, so they can be at a higher status, #8220;and shalt be/ What thou art promised ;#8221;( lines 13-14, scene 5). She is unsure as to whether Macbeth is too kind and without the evil that needs to merge with his already prominent ambition. As said in of the essay introduction, her soliloquy, #8216;I fear…is too full#8217;o the milk of human kindness, to catch the nearest way#8217;. (Lines 15-16, scene 5). For this reason, she influences him greatly into the prospect of murdering the king, #8220;That I may pour my spirits in thine ear#8221; (line 24, scene5) The thought of Macbeth becoming king pushes her and usa patriot act pros and cons, causes her to act outrageously, adding greatly to evil as a theme. Nonetheless, when King Duncan comes to gcse 2013, the Macbeth castle, she seems as though she is happy and delighted to see the essays act pros and cons, king saying, #8220;All our service/ In every point twice done and sociology on approach and method, then done double/#8221; (lines14-15 scene6). Act Pros And Cons! Lady Macbeth portrays hypocritical traits through her behaviour, actions and speech. The audience is introduced to the interesting idea that a wife or Lady could force her will upon a supposedly strong minded husband (In Elizabethan times, women were portrayed to be weaker than men as the men were the workers who provided for their family). Lady Macbeth begins the service, evil, evolving Macbeth into a wicked tyrant of cruelty.
Her constantly changing character is of interest in act one, because she appears to usa patriot, be the central figure in determining the fate of King Duncan. Lady Macbeth has a strong hand in re-enforcing the evil that the witches initially plot into Macbeth#8217;s mind. However, it is Macbeth who chooses the immoral path of becoming King that can only be achieved by eliminating Duncan. He is capable of resisting the urge to choose the wrong path, yet he does otherwise. The witches have an roles counselor, effective influence on essays act pros him which causes him to take this decision at the ending of the act. Shakespeare is statement about military family never open as to how the essays, audience should interpret the role of the witches. It is not clear if the witches are independent agents who control human lives, or agents of fate, or do their prophecies simply tell us the predictable conclusions.
Furthermore, it is not clear if Shakespeare intends for the witches to even be perceived as real or as symbolically representations of the evil that already lurks within Macbeth#8217;s heart. However, during this time people genuinely believed in witches so Shakespeare#8217;s intention must have been to create evil and to taming shrew, interactively let the audience develop their own character to and cons, resemble the witches, thus preparing the thesis statement about family, audience for act pros and cons the evil that is to come. At the beginning of two kinds of descriptive Act 1, Macbeth is depicted as a courageous and valiant soldier who fights for the King without mercy. However, after he is usa patriot act pros influenced immensely by the witches and Lady Macbeth, he is no longer as innocent but a heartless and deceitful #8220;serpent#8221;. In scene two of gcse act 1 he is portrayed as a #8220;valour#8217;s minion#8221; who #8220;carved out his passage/ Till he faced the slave#8221; (lines 19-20). King Duncan is impressed by Macbeth#8217;s qualities as he says #8220;o valiant cousin, worthy gentleman#8221;, so he positions Macbeth as a Thane of usa patriot and cons Cawdor, completely oblivious that this will lead to his disastrous death.
The fact that he becomes Thane of Cawdor as the gcse, witches predicted strengthens the ambition to be King as Macbeth believes in the witches#8217; words. When Lady Macbeth finds out about the witches her selfish desire for ambition and her cold nature leads Macbeth astray. Macbeth is a fairly ambitious at first, but Lady Macbeth#8217;s by far exceeds his and she is prepared to stop at nothing to achieve that ambition. When she attempts to essays usa patriot, persuade Macbeth to kill Duncan, he still has a conscience at this stage because he is very hesitant about killing the King, he debates with his inner self #8220;First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,#8221;, the theme of essay roles functions guidance counselor trust is especially evident in this short quotation. Macbeth sees he has a duty to and cons, protect Duncan, as his kinsman, host and also because he is of descriptive a King. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons! But in the end, his weak nature and ambitious determination overcomes him. When Macbeth first talks to the witches in thesis statement, Act 1 we find out that he is not as noble as he is described, #8220;Speak if you can: what are you?#8221; (line 45, scene 3).
Here he is demanding and very curious. However, in Act 4 scene 1 he is eager and persistent through his speech: #8220;How know, you secret….hags! / What is#8217;t you do?#8221; (lines 46-47). At the end of the Act, it is evident that Lady Macbeth has managed to convince Macbeth. The choice of usa patriot act pros and cons language through this scene is used to chemistry, show the contrasting morality of the act pros, two characters; where Lady Macbeth#8217;s evil traits are consistently battling with Macbeth#8217;s goodness nearing the writer service, end of the act. Lady Macbeth portrays this contrast where she states #8220;look like th#8217;innocent flower/ But be the serpent under#8217;t#8221;. The deeds Macbeth is about to commit prepares the act pros and cons, audience for the darkness and essays on approach, evil that is about to follow. Shakespeare creates very strong imagery on Macbeth#8217;s last speech before the murder. Macbeth declares #8220;I am settled; and bend up/… false must hide what the false heart doth know.#8221; The last two lines end with a memorable rhyming couplet. The act ends with a dramatic conclusion which prepares us for what is about to happen.
Overall, there are many themes that occur through the play. Ambition plays a key role as it drives many of the act pros and cons, characters to their fate. William Shakespeare manages to assignment writer, capture the fine line that exists between ambition and selfish desire, which if crossed can lead to essays act pros, impending destruction. Of The Shrew! It can also be argued that one leads to the other. Deception is another trait present in the Act. Shakespeare shows the audience that in life things are not always as they appear (friends can turn out to be enemies). The audience is also reminded that humanity has to deal with forces of essays usa patriot act pros and cons good and evil in everyday life.
However, the importance of evil is prominent in Act1. I believe this act is a preparation for what is to taming shrew introduction, follow as it introduces the plays main theme and other genres, giving a glimpse of how ambition can lead to deception and essays, cruelty, adding up to tragedy. In effect, I feel Act 1 does a good job of portraying the invasion of thesis statement about military evil over good, showing how Macbeth#8217;s inner desires are unleashed by the witches, Lady Macbeth and act pros and cons, other influential events, thus preparing the audience for shrew the thrilling battle of evil both mentally and physically. Is this the essays usa patriot and cons, perfect essay for you? Save time and essay functions guidance, order Act 1 of #8221;Macbeth#8221; by Shakespeare. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Act 1 of #8221;Macbeth#8221; by Shakespeare. As William Shakespeare weaved the storylines of his plays, he considered both the ignorant lowlife and the insightful intellectual. He constructed them to be entertaining enough to humor those with#8230; Macbeth, Shakespeare#8217;s play, written in the Elizabethan Era, in the 17th century, demonstrates the idea that Lady Macbeth, rather than Macbeth, is the true driving force behind King Duncan#8217;s murder#8230;. Shakespeare#8217;s characters and themes in #8220;Macbeth#8221;
Shakespeare#8217;s characters and themes in #8220;Macbeth#8221; are strongly developed right from the beginning. Shakespeare uses a variety of techniques to establish his themes and characters, via the dialogue and stage#8230; Macbeth William Shakespeare Response Journal: Act 2. This act commences with the murder of King Duncan. It is in this act that the reader is first convinced of Macbeth#8217;s weakness, as contrasted by Lady Macbeth#8217;s strength. Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons! Whereas#8230; #8221;Macbeth#8221; by William Shakespeare. In the roles counselor, play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, he explored many different issues, such as ambitions and appearance and reality. Many clever techniques were used to present these themes, for example#8230; Lady Macbeth has at first too much, and then too little, power over her husband.
Macbeth by William Shakespeare illustrates throughout the usa patriot act pros, course of the novel how the dominance in a relationship can change. Lady Macbeth is an ambitious character who initially portrays the role#8230;
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coursework banks In earlier sections of this course we looked at the critical role that business investment plays in usa patriot facilitating economic growth. The conclusion was made that additions to the capital stock (investment), in the form of machinery and equipment that assist workers in the production process are the key catalyst for future economic growth. As worker productivity rises, so do output and of descriptive, national income. The essence of essays act pros, economic systems that rely on of the essay introduction, capital as the engine of economic growth is the monetary and financial system. Well-operating financial systems facilitate the investment process by making savings readily available for businesses to borrow and invest in new capital. What constitutes money?
Today we consider elaborately printed paper with specific numbers to be money. In the past precious metals such as gold and silver commonly served as a monetary unit. In order to be considered money, a commodity (such as gold) or paper ( fiat money ) that represents some tangible value must be accepted by the public. Whatever is considered money must serve several purposes: A medium of act pros and cons, exchange. Without money, people would resort to barter to make transactions. Money is a great time-saver in facilitating transactions without a person having to seek another for trade of essay roles, goods or skills. By serving as a medium of exchange, money is used to purchase goods and services. Today we commonly use paper or fiat money. Gold has lost its value as money as it does not serve as a medium of exchange.
The next time you wish to buy a major appliance (e.g., a toaster oven), try opening a bag of usa patriot and cons, gold coins at the register. A store of value. We are willing to hold money as long as we know it will retain its purchasing power. Money loses its property as a store of value in essay times of high inflation, which rapidly erodes the real (purchasing power) value of money. By holding money, we place our trust that the government issuing the currency will not inflate away its value. A unit of account. Money also gives us a way of comparing the usa patriot and cons, relative prices (values) of different goods. We will soon discuss the role of the Central Bank in dealing with the economy. Central Banks impact the economy through the money supply.
In the United States there are several measures of the money supply that the Federal Reserve Board can adjust when using active monetary policy. Thesis Military! The two most important definitions of essays act pros and cons, money are known as M1 and gcse coursework 2013, M2 . M1 is the narrowest definition of money and usa patriot, includes currency and coins, traveler's checks, and checking accounts (demand deposits). M2 gives a broader definition of money and comprises all components of thesis statement, M1, savings and time deposits of less than $100,000, money market mutual funds held by individuals, and Eurodollars (U.S. Act Pros And Cons! dollars that are deposited in European banks). M1 and M2, to a lesser extent, share the characteristic of being highly liquid , where liquidity is the term that describes the ease of converting an asset into money. With cash being perfectly liquid, a checking account is nearly so.
When the Federal Reserve changes the money supply, it targets M2. Although there are even broader definitions of money known as M3 and L, we need only concern ourselves with M1 and M2. The basic functions of chemistry 2013, banks are to act pros collect savings and loan to businesses and consumers. Banks were found in early civilizations, especially in sociology on approach and method Rome, where banks made loans and exchanged foreign currencies. The penalty for essays usa patriot act pros failing to repay a loan in roles functions guidance Rome was severe -people who defaulted on loans became the slaves of their creditor. And Cons! And if they made poor slaves, they might have been sold off as scrap to the Coliseum as food for the lions. Modern banking originated in of descriptive Renaissance Italy where bankers traded currencies and took in usa patriot act pros and cons demand (checking) and time (savings) deposits. The most common check of this era was an oral transaction.
Depositors would visit the banker who would sit behind his bench or table. The expression bankruptcy comes from the Italian custom of service, breaking the bench of a banker who could not return the deposits of his creditors. In England, goldsmiths took in their customers' gold and silver for safekeeping. The goldsmiths used a fractional reserve system , lending some out, retaining the rest for the portion of customers who came calling for their deposits. As a record, depositors were given receipts that were transferable to other people (an early checking system), who could collect the essays, corresponding amount of gcse coursework, gold or silver. In colonial America, the first bank was founded in essays usa patriot and cons 1782 and was known as the roles guidance, Bank of North America. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons! At this time all banks were state chartered and the banking system grew rapidly, although many new banks were unsound and chemistry coursework 2013, two out of essays and cons, five failed. The founding fathers of the United States were a suspicious lot when it came to banking matters. On Approach And Method! Thomas Jefferson considered a standing army and essays usa patriot act pros and cons, a strong banking system to be the two major threats to a democracy.
As a result, the early U.S. banking system allowed for of the each state to control the banks chartered within its border. And state banks were allowed to print their own currency. By ensuring a multicurrency banking system, problems resulted in essays currency convertibility, especially for transactions that took place across states. In 1791, Alexander Hamilton encouraged Congress to charter the First Bank of the United States, which was the first nationally chartered bank. Part of the assignment writer service, goal of the First Bank was to control the excessive issuing of money by state banks. Offending banks would find that the First Bank would refuse to honor their script or be required to redeem their script issues in gold. The early United States had no national currency, which would require some concentration of essays and cons, strength in the bank(s) that issued the nation's currency.
After the First Bank's charter expired in 1811, the Second Bank of the United States was chartered in sociology essays on approach and method 1816. Never a supporter of essays act pros and cons, concentrated banking and chemistry, with a dislike for the Second Bank's president, President Andrew Jackson did not renew the bank's charter, allowing it to expire in essays usa patriot act pros and cons 1836. After a period of extremely lax banking regulation, which would not be seen again until the 1980s, the U.S. Civil War necessitated further reform of banking. Wars necessitate significant increases in government expenditures to finance war activities.
To raise money, governments can use some combination of taxes and obtaining loans from its citizens. A sound banking system encourages citizens to save with the of descriptive, banks, money which the government can easily borrow. In order to raise money and encourage its citizens to save with banks, the usa patriot, northern Congress passed the National Currency Act of 1863. This law set up a system of nationally chartered banks that issued the first national currency, the greenback, which became the thesis about family, standard currency for the remainder of the century. At the same time, a significant tax on state bank-issued notes drove other currencies from circulation. A major problem facing the rapidly expanding U.S. economy during the later part of the nineteenth and usa patriot act pros, early part of the twentieth centuries was severe economic business cycles.
The economy went through frequent boom-depression cycles. Many of the economic downturns were caused by a rapid escalation of the interest rate at roles, which people and businesses borrowed. The cycle was often caused during harvest season when grain buyers would take out loans from banks to buy grain from farmers. The sudden acceleration in the demand for money and lending activity would quickly drive up the price of money (the interest rate) as the supply of loanable funds (savings) remained relatively constant. Surging interest rates would crowd out borrowing by the commercial and consumer sectors, leading to essays and cons a reduction in spending, sometimes causing a recession or depression. A lack of central control of the money supply also caused problems during the financial panics that swept though the financial sector every decade or so.
These panics would cause a wave of bank failures and a severe economic downturn was the consequence. In response to the business cycles caused by scorching interest rates and financial panics, the government decided it needed to be able to chemistry coursework increase the money available for banks to act pros loan during periods of high demand, which would help to statement maintain stable interest rates, and increase bank liquidity during times of panic withdrawals. Despite strong opposition and act pros, fears that a central bank would lead to gcse chemistry 2013 a banking cartel run by bankers, the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 created the Federal Reserve Board. The Federal Reserve was given the responsibility of controlling the money supply and stabilizing the and cons, financial system. The Structure of the Federal Reserve Board (Fed) The headquarters of the Federal Reserve System is located in Washington, D.C. and is known as the Board of Governors. Placed geographically throughout the United States are 12 Federal Reserve banks. Fed policy is made by the politically appointed Fed chairman (currently Alan Greenspan) and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), comprising the political appointees on the Board of Governors plus 5 of the 12 regional Fed bank presidents.
The FOMC meets eight times a year to discuss and decide the direction of Fed monetary policy. Despite the political nature of important decision-making appointments at the Fed, once in place Fed members are expected to make decisions without significant political pressure. The Fed makes policy choices independent of the executive and legislative branches of government. Although the president and service, Congress will often voice their displeasure when the Fed is carrying out economic policies with which they disagree, the Fed is free to essays usa patriot act pros (and often does) disregard these potential influences. This is part of the essay introduction, checks and balances found in government. Although there is essays act pros and cons, occasional discussion by lawmakers of reeling in the Fed and essays, making it more accountable, Fed independence also provides a convenient outlet for political/economic ineptitude. When the economy goes into the tank, the Fed offers a convenient scapegoat for the president and Congress on which to focus the unhappy public's attention (1) . (1) The Fed chairman and six members of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors in Washington D.C. are appointed by the President and approved by essays usa patriot act pros, the Senate. To insulate these FOMC members from short-term political pressures the chairman is appointed for four-year terms and other Board of Governors members are given 14-year memberships (with no limit on renewals). The other members of the FOMC are comprised of the sociology essays, presidents of the act pros, 12 regional Federal Reserve banks. Each is chosen by their respective boards of directors and assignment service, approved by the Board of Governors.
Although most of the regional banks presidents are present at essays usa patriot, FOMC meetings, only five have a vote on writer service, Fed policy at any given time. In many ways, it the essays usa patriot and cons, Fed staff and Chairman that dictate Fed policy by controlling how the thesis statement about military, economy is modeled and analyzed. The conclusions of the forecast of and cons, future economic condition are prepared by guidance counselor, the Fed staff and essays and cons, presented to taming essay the FOMC in the Green Book. Essays Usa Patriot And Cons! The potential consequences of Fed policy on taming shrew introduction, financial and other are outlined to FOMC members in the Blue Book. Arguments in defense of Fed procedures include the need for the Fed staff to create forecasts independent of the policy views and possible biases of the influential FOMC members. Furthermore, each of the essays act pros, twelve regional Fed bank presidents has a sizeable research staff of his or her own which prepare their own independent forecasts that may be introduced into FOMC meetings. In addition it can set a bias of monetary policy towards inflation, recession or a neutral (or no) bias.
The bias is important because it allows the Chair of the Fed to act unilaterally in essay roles guidance counselor changing the fed funds rate between FOMC meetings. For example, in late 2000, the FOMC changed its viewpoint to a bias against an economic slowdown or a recession. This was a result of the weakening economy and the concern that the essays usa patriot act pros and cons, US might be heading for a recession. Thesis Statement Military! By setting the bias against a recession, Fed Chair Alan Greenspan was able to reduce the fed funds rate several times on his own initiative in essays 2001. In 2002, the FOMC changed the bias to neutral. When the bias is neutral, the Federal Reserve Chair can no longer act on his own to change the fed funds rate. With a neutral bias, Greenspan must wait for the FOMC to met and to vote to change the fed funds rate. It is only when there is a bias against recession or inflation that the Fed Chair can act on his own without the FOMC vote of approval. In this Topic we study monetary policy, which is gcse 2013, used by the Fed to influence economic growth and thus unemployment and inflation rates. When the Fed conducts monetary policy, it measures the current and usa patriot and cons, projected future condition of the economy.
It can follow one of three options: Restrictive , which involves: decreasing the money supply to: raise interest rates, and to slow economic growth. Neutral , the essays on approach and method, Fed may be happy with the current and projected outlook or may require more evidence before deciding to act. Expansionary , which involves: increasing the money supply to: lower interest rates, and to increase economic growth. The Fed carries out its policies through what is known as open market operations , which involves the buying and essays usa patriot and cons, selling of bonds. The major source of money the Fed has at its disposal is from banks in the form of required reserves . The Fed requires all banks and similar financial institutions that operate in the United States to keep 10% (a dime) of statement family, every dollar deposited on reserve with the Fed.
Although, this money is a liability from the essays usa patriot and cons, Fed to a bank, the Fed can use this money to of descriptive essay conduct open market operations. We will see how this works in the next section. Note that the figure given, 10%, is known as the reserve requirement. During the 1920s, banks were part of the roaring growth in financial markets taking place in the United States. Looking for ways to make greater profits, banks actively participated in the stock market. Banks would take in deposits and not only make loans to businesses and individuals, but would buy stocks of companies. Furthermore, banks would make loans that used stocks as collateral. With extensive involvement by the banking sector, the stock market soared during the 1920s. Another factor driving the stock market during the 1920s was margin buying by investors.
Buying on the margin required stock purchasers to put down only 10% to 20% of a stock's value, greatly exceeding the number of shares that could be obtained if full cash payment was required. Given the volatility of stock prices, this practice significantly increased the risk exposure of investors. Given the frenzy of essays usa patriot act pros, stock market activity caused by the reckless investing of individuals, businesses, and banks, the stage was set for functions the devastating crash of 1929. After a decade of tremendous growth, stock prices plummeted in the fall of act pros, 1929. The effects were immediate. Individual investors were required to essay roles counselor meet their margin requirements and needed to act pros raise cash immediately. They flooded the banks, withdrawing every cent that they could from their accounts. Since the majority of depositors' money had been lent out by the banks, much of it to purchase what was almost equally worthless stocks, the money available in bank vaults was rapidly depleted.
Their funds vaporized, many banks became insolvent overnight and declared bankruptcy. The overall situation in the fall and winter of chemistry coursework, 1929 was chaos and panic. News of bank failures caused depositors to withdraw their money from even well run banks. The run on banks caused the financial system to collapse and the economy soon followed. The United States economy went into the Great Depression, which would last until World War II. One of the major causes of bank failure during the essays, panics of 1929 and the early 1930s was caused by the rapid withdrawal of gcse chemistry coursework 2013, deposits by nervous savers. At the time, if a bank failed, depositors who had accounts with the bank risked losing a major portion or even all of their money. By trying to preempt a bank failure, a sudden rush of withdrawals would seal the fate of a bank, leaving most account holders with large losses. To stop the panic, the Roosevelt administration created the Federal Deposit Insurance Agency (FDIC) in 1933, followed by the FSLIC (for Savings and Loans) in 1934. The FDIC established a federally guaranteed insurance fund for bank deposits. Essays Act Pros! People were assured that even if a bank failed their deposits would be covered in full up to a mandated limit (although the limit is seldom enforced).
The FDIC required banks to pay a small insurance premium based on the value of statement about military family, deposits into a fund. With this government program in place, the panic runs on banks ended and the banking system would remain very stable until the essays act pros and cons, wildcat frenzy of banking deregulation in the 1980s. Please note that the discussion also applies to assignment service other depository institutions such as savings and usa patriot and cons, loans, and gcse coursework, credit unions, as well as banks. When a customer makes a deposit into his account at a bank, this creates a liability for the bank. Essays Usa Patriot! A liability describes the bank's obligations, or what it owes to others.
In other words, the bank is statement, liable for essays usa patriot and cons the amount of the deposit. On the other side of the coin, the deposit creates an asset for the bank. Statement About Family! The bank now owns the value of the deposit and will put the money to work, looking for a rate of return that exceeds the interest it pays on the liability. This is the business of banking. By offering savers a return (and/or other services), banks take in deposits (liabilities), which creates assets that a bank can lend out. As long as the total return on assets exceeds the payment on liabilities (and other costs of doing business) the bank is profitable. When a bank receives a deposit, it must keep a portion on reserve with the Federal Reserve (Fed) and pay a deposit insurance premium to act pros and cons the FDIC. At the present time, the Fed's reserve requirement is 10%.
With this in mind, let us use a few balance sheets to chemistry demonstrate how banks create money from deposits. Usa Patriot! We will see that for every dollar deposited, the money supply increases by a multiple of the amount deposited. Let us first examine the balance sheet of Glen Echo Bank. Sociology Essays! We see in Table 10-1 that the value of total liabilities to Glen Echo equals $100 million. In addition, the essays and cons, bank is required to have its own net worth as a buffer against bad loans and insolvency. Chemistry 2013! Net worth is considered the value of the essays usa patriot and cons, owners (share holders) stake in the bank. In this case, net worth is two kinds of descriptive, 3% of usa patriot, total liabilities and equals $3 million, which the bank raised by selling shares of thesis statement about military, stock to the public.
The bank is obligated to hold reserves of 10% of usa patriot and cons, total deposits with the Fed, in this case the amount of required reserves is $10.0 million ($100.0 million in deposits x 0.10). Table 10-1: Glen Echo Bank Balance Sheet (1) Consider a hard-working, thrifty (and rich) person like yourself. Let us assume that you deposit $1 million in your account at Glen Echo Bank. On the balance sheet that follows, Glen Echo now has an additional $1 million liability. Roles Functions! Let us assume that the act pros, deposit insurance premium has no affect on our analysis, since it is so small. Your deposit also creates an additional $1 million in assets. Of your $1 million deposit, $100,000 (10%) is legally required to be kept as reserves with the Fed.
Table 10-2: Glen Echo Bank Balance Sheet (2) (Add $1.0 million deposit from you) Notice in Table 10-2 what the two kinds of descriptive, bank did with your $1 million deposit. $100,000 went to the reserve requirement with the Fed, and the bank lent out the usa patriot act pros and cons, other $900,000 (loans outstanding increased from $80 million to $80.9 million). For simplicity, let us assume that the entire $900,000 made available by your deposit was borrowed by one business: Joe-Bob's Rooter. Joe-Bob doesn't borrow the money for fun, he wants to invest in new capital equipment, which will increase the productivity of his workers. Of Descriptive! Joe-Bob wants to invest in a new laser rooter, for essays and cons which he pays $900,000 to Sapphire Slick's Laser Emporium. Let us also assume that Sapphire has an account with Glen Echo Bank, where she deposits the $900,000 received from Joe-Bob's purchase. Table 10-3 shows the new balance sheet for Glen Echo Bank after Sapphire's deposit.
Table 10-3: Glen Echo Bank Balance Sheet (3) (Add $0.9 million deposit from gcse chemistry coursework 2013 Sapphire Slick) Several things have occurred due to Sapphire's deposit of $900,000 in the Glen Echo Bank. Total deposits increased from $101 million to $101.9 million. Required reserves increased by $90,000 (= $900,000 x .10). Total required reserves increased from $10.1 million to essays usa patriot act pros and cons $10.19 million. The bank was able to lend out the difference between the deposit ($900,000) and required reserves ($90,000), an amount equal to $810,000. Outstanding loans increased from $80.9 million to $81.71 million ($80.9 + 0.810) As we have shown, after meeting the reserve requirement, Glen Echo Bank loans out all the additional money available. You should be getting the basic idea: your initial deposit has triggered multiple rounds of lending and chemistry, deposit activity. Things are happening well beyond your initial deposit.
We can complete another round like the previous round, where someone borrows the money, spends it, and the recipient deposits the money in Glen Echo. However, rather than continue the tedious math, we can invoke the simple money multiplier to summarize our situation. For the purposes of act pros, this course, we can define the sociology essays on approach, money multiplier as equal to. which equals to one divided by the reserve requirement. While we will work with the simple multiplier, in reality there are a number of leakages from the above scenario that will reduce the value of the multiplier: People may not deposit all of their cash into the banking system. Besides the money we keep in our wallets, we may save some of our money outside the depository banking system. Banks may not loan out all potential reserves, choosing to keep excess reserves . Note that in our example we assumed that all deposits end up in the same bank. As long as deposits end up in the domestic banking system the result is the same. The money multiplier will attain the same value as shown in this example, and the overall increase in the money supply will be the same. The Monetary Base and essays usa patriot act pros, Money Supply.
We leave this section with a look at the determination of the money supply . We begin with the monetary base, which equals: all reserves held by banks and all currency in circulation. The next part of the determination of the money supply is the process of transforming the monetary base into the money supply. Sociology Essays! Through the multiple deposit expansion described above, where money is deposited, loaned, and essays and cons, redeposited into the banking system, the money supply is thesis military, determined. By definition, the money supply equals:
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Free High School Student Resume Templates for Teens. If you’ve never made a resume before, it can seem more difficult than the act pros and cons job search itself. Fortunately, making a resume is statement about military family, as simple as following a format. Essays Usa Patriot Act Pros And Cons? With some key information in the right order, anyone can create one. Your First Job Resume: What It Is and thesis family, Why You Need It. A resume is a one-page document that summarizes your experience, skills, and usa patriot, other information . The purpose is to sociology on approach show you’re a perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. It should be formal, professional, and essays usa patriot act pros, relevant. Resumes give potential employers a way to learn about applicants quickly and easily, and they are your first step toward new job opportunities. An interview might also be needed to land the service job, but a resume is necessary to and cons start the functions guidance counselor process. Resumes let employers quickly screen out job seekers who don’t have the right experience and essays act pros, qualifications. A well-crafted resume that highlights your experience will set you apart from the competition.
Even if you have little or no work experience yet, these guidelines will get you on track to having a great entry-level resume and all the taming of the shrew essay opportunities that come with it. There are three basic resume formats to choose from: chronological, functional, and combination. It helps to essays act pros familiarize yourself with these options before deciding on the right resume template for you. This is of the essay introduction, one of the essays usa patriot and cons most common resume formats. It lists your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with the taming of the shrew most recent position. It is often headed with a “Career Objective” section. We will talk about these sections in more detail later in essays usa patriot act pros this post. On a chronological resume you’ll also want to essay list your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent school you attended or relevant course you’ve taken. This is a common resume format. It’s easy for employers to scan a chronological resume quickly and get an idea of essays usa patriot and cons your experience. This kind of resume highlights your work history, so it’s great if you’ve had impressive employment opportunities.
If you don’t have much work history, or your work history isn’t relevant to assignment the job you want, this type of resume may not be best for you. Prospective employers will throw your resume in act pros and cons the “No” pile if all they see is work that’s not related to the job they are looking to fill, or if your resume looks empty because you didn’t have much experience to assignment writer service list. A functional resume format highlights other sections, like skills and usa patriot act pros, activities, over work experience. This type of two kinds essay resume focuses on what you know or what you can do, rather than what you’ve done at usa patriot and cons, specific jobs. It will probably still have some sort of gcse 2013 work history section, but it will be placed at and cons, the bottom rather than at the top of the statement about military page. Your work history might not be listed in chronological order on this type of essays usa patriot resume. In fact, it might not have dates at all, but be listed in order of relevance instead. This type of resume can be great if you have little or no conventional work experience. It can hide long gaps in between jobs, and chemistry 2013, can draw attention to your other skills or activities. Most employers will be accustomed to usa patriot act pros the chronological resume format.
They will likely know that the reason you chose this format is because you have less work experience or less consistent job history than other job seekers. Two Kinds Of Descriptive Essay? But that doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a less desirable candidate. Like a functional resume, a combination resume puts your skills and activities first and foremost. However, this type of resume also lists your work experience in reverse chronological order. It just doesn’t put it near the top like a chronological resume does.
This hybrid style gives a balance between promoting your skills and your work history. For teens with work experience that’s impressive but short, this kind of and cons resume is ideal. You can show off your work history, but also fill in more space by talking about your skills and other knowledge you have. It’s also useful if the work history you have doesn’t quite fit with the job you’re looking for. With a combination resume, you can put the skills that are relevant to your ideal job first, but still give details about your past work experience. Making a combination resume can feel overwhelming, since it uses so much information. Thesis Statement? Be careful to use only the most relevant information so it doesn’t become cluttered or too wordy. How to essays usa patriot Create a Good High School Student Resume. Your resume always needs to include your name and essay guidance, contact information. Act Pros? List your name, phone number, email address, and city at the top of your resume.
You don’t need to include your full street address, but you can if you’d like. Everything else can be adjusted to fit your unique experience. For example, your resume could include any of the following: Work Experience or Work History Education Career Objective or Summary Professional Skills or Other Skills Activities Hobbies and Interests Achievements, Awards, and Honors References. Each of essay functions these sections will consist of a heading in bold or slightly larger font, followed by details about essays and cons, that section. For example, under the “Education” heading, you might list the schools you’ve attended and the subjects you focused on.
Remember, you probably won’t use all of these headings. Taming Of The Introduction? Just pick the ones that are most relevant to you and the job you’re seeking. Every section requires a slightly different approach. Let’s break it down and essays act pros, see how it works. This can be a difficult section to tackle on a teen resume, since you might not have any work experience yet. Don’t worry though. Chemistry 2013? Everyone was in the same situation when they were looking for their first job! If you have no work experience, you can leave this section out and act pros, focus on essays on approach the other sections. If you do have official work experience, it’s important to mention it in this section, especially if it is a job similar to the one you are applying for.
Even if you weren’t officially employed, you probably have more work experience to put on your resume than you think. Part-time work like babysitting, lawn mowing, tutoring, and even volunteer experience or community service all count as good examples of work experience on usa patriot act pros and cons a teen resume. Under the “Work Experience” heading, list the name of the company you worked for, your job title, and dates of essays and method employment. Usa Patriot And Cons? You should also list your responsibilities, duties, and accomplishments. Service? That way, it’s clear what kind of usa patriot act pros experience you gained. Use two or three bullet points to list your responsibilities and duties for each job. See our sample high school student resume templates below for real-world examples of work experience sections. In the thesis statement military family “Education” section, state the high school you attended or presently attend and the years you were there or the date you expect to usa patriot and cons graduate. For example:
Crescent High School – Arlington, Virginia. Expected graduation date: May 2017. If there are classes you’ve taken that are relevant to taming shrew introduction the job you want, you can list that relevant coursework here. You can mention your future education plans too. For example:
I have been accepted to Chicago State University, and I am planning to major in business law I will be taking my AP classes next month to prepare for college I will begin attending Chicago State University this fall. The “Career Objective” section shows what kind of job you’re looking for. Essays Usa Patriot And Cons? It consists of one or two sentences near the top of your resume that describe your desired job. For example: Offer excellent hostess service in a busy local restaurant Apply my computer skills to practical work Provide quality delivery for local food business. You can also extend your objective statement into thesis statement military family, a summary. A summary is a short paragraph that summarizes your experience and act pros, key skills. For example: I am an energetic, enthusiastic, and active individual with a strong knowledge of grocery items and their use by essay roles functions guidance, people from different economic and usa patriot act pros, social backgrounds.
I have a business mindset and two kinds of descriptive essay, am willing to apply these skills as a grocery store employee. This section might seem unnecessary, but it can actually be very helpful to potential employers. It gives you a chance to describe yourself and your goals in usa patriot act pros your own words. It can also be useful when you don’t have much concrete work experience, but do have skills that potential employers should know about. Make sure the objective or summary is short, clear, and professional.
Professional Skills or Other Skills. You likely have skills that could be relevant to a particular position you are applying for. These can be listed under “Professional Skills.” Make sure the skills are relevant to the job you want. If you are applying for a gardener job, no need to mention “Ability to handle cash register”, since that skill doesn’t apply to that job.
But you might mention, “Ability to use lawn mower and gardening tools safely.” If you have no work experience, this section can help demonstrate whether you are a good fit for the position. You can also list skills that come from your school or hobbies under “Other Skills.” Make sure they’re still related in some way to what potential employers are looking for. What are some key skills you might list? Creativity Leadership Adaptability Flexibility Positivity Problem-solving Communication Independence Self-motivation Ability to work under pressure. This section gives an taming essay, employer insight into usa patriot act pros, your character and interests.
It might even tie into the “Skills” section. Think of two kinds of descriptive extracurricular activities, sports, and clubs you have participated in. Essays And Cons? Taking a lead role in writer service a school play? You are probably creative. Act Pros And Cons? Playing football? You might be a good team player. These are qualities that employers are looking for. Some examples of school activities that could look good on a resume include: Sports : playing sports in essays and method a association or for act pros fun, outdoor activities, fitness training, taking sport lessons, coaching. Culture : creating art works, shows, plays, films, games, singing or dancing, DIY projects, creative workshops. Assignment? Community : raising donations for various organizations or humanitarian causes, organizing events, helping kids, seniors, animals, or the environment, promoting community enhancements.
Just like with skills, only list relevant activities here. Write down the essays usa patriot activity, dates, and your role/position. For example: West River Hospital, volunteer, summer 2012 Crescent High School Soccer Team, captain, 2005 – 2013 Stage Drama Festival, lead role, summer 2011. If your resume is taming of the shrew, short on work experience, you can list more details about essays and cons, your activities to show what you gained from assignment writer them. You might use bullet points to write what your responsibilities were or what skills you used in essays these activities. This section is similar to activities, as it tells an gcse coursework, employer more about your character.
Simply make a list of usa patriot act pros and cons hobbies that might be of interest to sociology on approach and method potential employers. For example: Reading books Playing tennis Painting and sculpture. It’s great to mention major achievements and usa patriot and cons, awards you’ve earned at school or in your activities. Two Kinds? Prospective employers like to usa patriot and cons see accomplishments that show commitment and hard work.
For example: Student of the Month, March 2013 Perfect Attendance Award, September 2012 Honor Roll, fall 2012. A reference should be someone who can vouch for your knowledge and skills, or who can confirm your work experience. Your teachers, coaches, or former employers can be good references. Thesis About? Listing your friends or family as references is not recommended, but can be acceptable if you worked for them. Remember that you must ask a person to serve as a reference before you can list them as one. Many people simply write “References Available on Request” at the bottom of their resumes. Act Pros? If you do this, make sure you actually have those references available in essay roles functions case a prospective employer requests them. However, if you have limited experience to put on essays act pros and cons your resume, you might want to assignment list the names and contact information of your references on essays usa patriot act pros your resume. Free High School Student Resume Examples.
These teen resume samples will make getting started easy. Taming Of The Shrew? There are general purpose high school student resume templates, as well as resumes for usa patriot act pros and cons specific work experience. These samples will guide you with a professional resume format and a basic idea of what to write. We also have High School Graduate Resumes and other professional resume templates. Creative babysitter resume sample with a summary, education, related and gcse chemistry 2013, personal skills, hobbies, and references examples.
Size: 183 B Downloads: 6267 Filename: babysitter-cv-template-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:21:00 / 3136. Generic design with sample content (skills, knowledge) for a position in a fast food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7441 Filename: fast-food-employee-cv.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:34:00 / 3138. Basic design and common content for essays usa patriot act pros and cons any type of roles position. Size: 183 B Downloads: 27350 Filename: geneal-purpose-high-school-resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:36:00 / 3140.
Another multi-purpose sample, with blue header theme. Usa Patriot Act Pros? Includes customer work and volunteer experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 18038 Filename: teenager-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:38:00 / 3142. Sample for sociology position in gardening or landscape. Essays Usa Patriot And Cons? Creative design theme to attract attention. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3046 Filename: lawn-care-gardening-job-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:39:00 / 3144. Resume sample for students who would like to promote tutoring services to other students or student#039;s parents. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4214 Filename: student-tutor-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:41:00 / 3146.
Generic resume sample for part-time grocery store job. Can be easily modified for similar positions in taming of the shrew essay introduction different stores. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6591 Filename: grocery-store-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:42:00 / 3148. Elegant resume for essays server or host position in a restaurant. Can also be used for kitchen help, cook help, busser, etc.
Size: 183 B Downloads: 4310 Filename: waitress-or-hostess-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:44:00 / 3150. Sample teen resume for taming essay introduction full-time or part-time volunteer job for a candidate with previous volunteer work. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4676 Filename: volunteer-position-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:45:00 / 3152. Sample resume for part-time position in warehouse. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5314 Filename: warehouse-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:47:00 / 3154.
Sample resume for an apprentice welder and essays act pros, assisting in of descriptive essay different welding projects. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3777 Filename: welder-helper-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:48:00 / 3156. Professional sample for a food delivery position. Can be easily modified for a different position in act pros and cons the food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 26441 Filename: food-industry-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:17:00 / 3134. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST.
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